- "Alexander was the greatest general ever. But how many acquired the status of a god?"
- ―Indiana Jones[src]
Alexander III, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a Macedonian king and one of the most successful military commanders in history.
Alexander was born to Philip II and Olympias in 356 BC.
As a young man, he had been tutored by Aristotle before inheriting the crown and a unified Greece from his father. He set out to conquer the Persian Empire, and spread Greek culture across the Middle East, all the way to India. Before his death at age 32, he conquered most of the world known to the ancient Greeks including Chanri-Ha where he became immortalized as the Great God Zander, influencing the shape of the city's religion with their deity Zan-Khan.
While conquering portions of the eastern Mediterranean world, Egypt and the Middle East, he also ordered the building of many cities, including several that were named in his honor, Alexandria in Egypt (founded in 331 BC), and Alexandretta in Asia Minor.
After his death, Alexander the Great's empire was divided into four major portions, ruled by his generals. His wife Roxane and their child were murdered in the power struggle.
The valuable Ivory Iskander artifact was crafted in Alexander's image and encountered by a young Indiana Jones in India, 1914. A large diamond once in Alexander's possession, the Peacock's Eye, would be searched out by Indiana Jones post-World War I.
An unknown archaeologist cataloged the armor of Alexander the Great as part of research for the Smithsonian Institution in the early 1930s but had specific instructions not to unearth any artifacts found.
- The Valley of the Kings (Glossary)
- The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Young Indiana Jones: Travels with Father" → Travels with Father (Mentioned only)
- Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger (Statue)
- Young Indiana Jones and the Treasure of the Peacock's Eye → Treasure of the Peacock's Eye (On frieze)
- The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones – Winds of Change (Mentioned only)
- Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone (Mentioned only)
- Indiana Jones: Thunder in the Orient (Flashback)
- Indiana Jones and the Pyramid of the Sorcerer (Mentioned only)
- Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Greece
- Raiders of the Lost Ark Sourcebook
- Indiana Jones Artifacts
- Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates and Other Tales
- Aristotle - Creating Foundations (Non-fiction source)
- Indiana Jones: The Ultimate Guide
- The Lost Journal of Indiana Jones