Chiang Kai-Shek was the Chinese military and political leader who led the national government of China from 1928 to 1947, and the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) to 1975. In the 1930's, he was the military leader of the Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, and served as President of the Republic of China at various times. He led the Chinese against the Japanese in the Second Sino-Japanese War, starting in 1937, but also sent forces to remove the warlords controlling various provinces of China.
Singer Willie Scott claimed to have been a personal dinner guest of Chiang Kai-Shek.
In 1938, Chiang Kai-Shek's forces had already taken control of the warlord U Paw's province, earning her emnity. When she returned from looting Chanri-Ha, she discussed her hatred of Generalissimo Chiang, whom Indiana Jones had believed was a hero unifying China. Later in their adventures, U Paw commandeered a train containing some of Chiang's army, and killed Captain Lao-Tsing. After failing to recover the Covenant of Buddha, U Paw decided to let her fight against Chiang wait until after she had helped drive out the Japanese invaders.
- Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom novel (First mentioned)
- The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones – "Fireworks!" (Mentioned only)
- Indiana Jones: Thunder in the Orient (Mentioned only)