Indiana Jones Wiki
This article is about the character. You may be looking for the overall franchise.

"It's not the years, honey, it's the mileage."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Doctor Henry Walton Jones, Junior was an American archaeologist most famously known as Indiana Jones or Indy. During World War I, he used the name Henri Defense and went by a number of aliases throughout his life. He was married at least twice, fathered a son and daughter, and had several grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Throughout his career, Jones found numerous famous mythological relics such as the Sankara Stones, the Ark of the Covenant and the Holy Grail as well as science-bending artifacts like the Crystal Skull of Akator and the Antikythera, which often placed him in conflict with different groups across the globe.

Born July 1, 1899 in Princeton, New Jersey, Jones's life was indelibly influenced when he accompanied his parents, Henry Sr. and Anna Jones on a world lecture tour from 1908 to 1910. Throughout his travels, Jones encountered many important figures in history who shaped his outlook on life. After their return home, his mother became ill and died. The father and son relocated to Utah in 1912 but, without Anna, their already difficult relationship became increasingly strained. As Henry Sr. withdrew into his studies, Indiana found himself in various locations as his father lectured once again. However, his appreciation for history culminated in him trying to claim the Cross of Coronado from grave robbers, a feat that earned him his hat.

By 1916, Indiana and his father had moved back to Princeton. While on Spring Break that year, Jones quit high school, briefly participated in the Mexican Revolution then spent the next two years fighting in World War I, initially as a soldier before moving into espionage work. Afterwards, he attended the University of Chicago, where he studied archaeology under Professor Abner Ravenwood alongside his friend Harold Oxley, later transferring to France, where he earned an undergraduate degree in linguistics and meeting René Belloq in the process. In 1925, he began a brief relationship with Ravenwood's daughter Marion, which collapsed the friendship with his mentor. Once a graduate, his early years as an archaeology teacher in London was where he met student Deirdre Campbell. Their romance led to marriage in 1926, but a plane crash took Deirdre's life soon after.

In the years leading up to World War II, during which Jones slowly abandoned his "fortune and glory" mentality, Jones secured a teaching position at Marshall College. In 1936, the US Government contracted him to find the Ark of the Covenant before the Nazis could take it, which led him to be reunited with Marion Ravenwood. The relationship lasted until Jones left a week before their wedding, unaware that his fiancée was carrying their child. He would then reconcile with his father when the Nazis tried to claim the Holy Grail for Adolf Hitler in 1938.

During the war, Jones joined the OSS, and occasionally partnered with MI6 agent George McHale and archaeologist companion Basil Shaw. The subsequent Cold War bought Joseph Stalin and the Soviets into competition as a new world power. Indy found himself the focal point of their quest for Akator and, after Soviet agents kidnapped him in 1957, he agreed to help his new-found son Mutt Williams rescue Oxley, Mutt's father figure, during which Indy and Marion were reconciled and finally wedded to each other.

Nearing academic retirement in 1969 and after losing his son to the Vietnam War, a crippling grief that almost cost him his marriage, the archaeologist was pulled into an adventure with his goddaughter Helena Shaw and forced to confront the legacy of World War II when he found himself up against a former Nazi scientist brought in by the US as part of the national effort to win the Space Race against the USSR.

Jones's lifetime of adventures eventually took its toll: by the time he reached his 90s, he had lost the use of his right eye and was forced to walk with a cane. Towards the close of the 20th century, he was living around the New York City area with his daughter and grandchildren.

The Complete Indiana Jones Movie and TV Timeline (1908-1993)


Early life[]

"July the first, 1899: I guess that sounds a helluva long time ago to you, huh? But let me tell you something. To me, it seems only the twinkling of an eye."
―Indiana Jones, reminiscing about his youth, 1992.[src]

Indy as a toddler.

Indiana Jones was born Henry Walton Jones Jr.[15] to a Scottish-born professor of medieval studies, Henry Walton Jones, Senior, and his wife Anna on July 1, 1899, in Princeton, New Jersey.[2] Henry Jr. had a sister, Susie, but she died at an early age.[16] While still in the crib, Henry's parents introduced him to an Alaskan Malamute puppy named Indiana.[15] The two quickly bonded and the dog was a friend and companion throughout the earliest decades of Jones' life.[15]

Indy riding pony

Jones riding a pony at his aunt's ranch.

When Henry Jr. had first learned to walk, he demonstrated this ability by somehow finding his way up the roof of the family house, which forced his father to climb after him. By 1905, young Henry had adopted the name of his beloved dog for himself[3] (though his father would continue to refer to him as "Junior" well into his adult life).[12] The same year, Indy and his parents visited relatives in New Mexico, where he got to ride a pony — the first time Indy had ever ridden a horse,[17] a talent he would eventually fully master.[1] At seven years of age, Indy started developing a fascination for the bullwhip, when he saw a whip-act in a traveling circus.[18] As a boy, Henry Jr. would also befriend fellow Princeton native and future actor Paul Robeson.[19]

Henry was an exceptionally curious, albeit restless, child. He would often prefer to spend time with his beloved dog, play baseball with friends or conduct various scientific experiments rather than attending classes. At one time Henry attempted to break the landspeed record, and on another occasion send his dog to the moon. He was known to possess the ability to hold his breath underwater for longer than three minutes.[20] Henry was a big fan of professional baseball, and his favorite team was the New York Giants, with Christy Mathewson as his favorite player.[21] He took piano lessons, as well, but didn't think he was very good at it so he quit.[22]

Sallah Mohammed Faisel el-Kahir: "The dog? You are named after the dog? Ha-Ha-Ha!"
Indiana Jones: "I've got a lot of fond memories of that dog..."
―At the Canyon of the Crescent Moon, 1938.[src]
Carrier indy

Indiana in Princeton.

Following the success of his books, Professor Jones was invited on a two year long world lecture tour of schools and universities. From 1908[2] to 1910,[23] "Indiana" and Anna were to accompany him on his travels around the globe. So "Junior" wouldn't be losing out on his studies, Professor Jones decided to hire his old Oxford University tutor Miss Helen Margaret Seymour. As such, their first port of call was to her home in England. Still living in the city of Oxford, Miss Seymour was introduced to the boy, then declined Professor Jones' offer. She believed him too young. Nor did Indiana wish to see any more of her. But Henry Sr. was determined for his son to have the best tutor he could get. Seymour eventually relented and the family began the two year stretch. It would be nine days of study before Indiana saw his first adventure.[2]

The Jackal's curse[]

Indiana Jones: "I'd like to be an archaeologist."
T.E. Lawrence: "Maybe you'll add a new page to history or discover a treasure beyond price."
―Jones' first meeting with Lawrence.[src]

They crossed the Mediterranean and landed at Alexandria in Egypt before moving on to Cairo. While Professor Jones lectured at the university, Miss Seymour took Indiana to see the Great Pyramids but hadn't paid their guide enough. He stole their camels as they scaled one of the ancient structures and left them stranded. Alone and unsure what to do next, the appearance of a figure heading in their direction on a bicycle surprised Miss Seymour as she recognized he was an old acquaintance of hers: Thomas Edward Lawrence.[2]

Indy 1908

At the Tomb of Kha.

With Lawrence's supplies, the three camped at the base of the pyramid to see the night through. Indiana was fascinated by Lawrence's account of opening a tomb and suggested he'd like to be an archaeologist. Lawrence was happy to entertain the idea, but admonished the boy when Indiana brought up the possibility of becoming rich from the profession, encouraging him instead to see archaeology as something to be shared with the world. The conversation led to Lawrence inviting Indiana and Miss Seymour to join him on a trip near the Valley of the Kings where his friend Rasheed Sallam was working on a dig site alongside Howard Carter.[2]

Having acquired Professor Jones' permission and a thick journal imparted to him to chronicle his journey, Indiana and his tutor accompanied Lawrence up the Nile river the following day to reach their destination. The stretch would earn him another lesson as Lawrence showed him the importance of learning the language of any country he visits.[2]

Sallam greeted them on their arrival to the camp where they discovered work was stalling after word had spread that a curse had befallen the site following the recent excavation of a tomb belonging to the Ancient Egyptian architect/engineer known as Kha. Neither Sallam nor Carter entertained the notion of a curse, and Indiana was shown some of the artifacts that has been discovered in the area as part of Carter's desire to find the tomb of boy king Pharaoh, Tutankhamun. Treasures that attracted the attention of onsite photographer, Pierre Duclos, and Demetrios, demolitionist and chief proponent of the curse's threat.[2]

"He that enters my tomb I shall burn with my fire."
―Inscription within Kha's tomb.[src]

Carter allowed Indiana to be the first to enter Kha's tomb. Inside, they found the entrance to the burial chamber inscribed with a curse but pressed on and, when instructed, Sallam pried the door open to reveal a room scorched black surrounding the stone coffin of Kha. Lawrence suspected the room had already been searched when the coffin revealed no artifacts had been placed with the preserved corpse of Kha, and Duclos considered grave robbers but Carter was sure the door seals hadn't been broken and so there had to be another room. He was right, within the wall was secreted another chamber but poison gas was released so Indiana and the group had to abandon the search to seek fresh air and safety.[2]

To give the gas time to clear, Sallam was posted as a night watchman over the tomb's entrance and Indiana asked to help, but the man, while grateful, rejected the suggestion so Indiana retired for the evening. Sallam disappeared. Indiana joined the search the next day as the group re-entered the chambers and found that Kha was missing as well. Lawrence came across Sallam's charred body further on but deduced it was in fact a trauma to the head that killed the man. He was also covered in a unknown white powder. Collecting some, Lawrence couldn't see any motive so Indiana presented one person who might have an agenda: Kha.[2]

Illustration of headpiece

Sketch depicting the Jackal headpiece.

Demetrios and the workers fled the site in panic while Indiana, Lawrence and Miss Seymour decided to investigate the tomb further which led them to the secret chamber containing a statue of Kha and more inscription that revealed the Egyptian had been rewarded a jewel encrusted Jackal headpiece by a Pharaoh for his services. Lawrence assumed that it was a part of the statue but Indiana told him it wasn't there. Closer inspection showed part had been broken off and Lawrence was sure they'd found the murderer's motive even if he couldn't understand where Kha himself went.[2]

The three ruled out the workers when Lawrence remembered the powder. By putting a flame to it, the puff of smoke that followed implied it was Duclos' flash powder. Indiana was woken the next morning by a hand clamped over his mouth. It was Lawrence, and he needed him stand guard while he searched Duclos' tent. Indiana kept an eye on the photographer walking through the site and followed him as Duclos went inside Kha's tomb. The camera flashed within the chambers and seeing Duclos may be heading back in his direction, Indiana ducked back inside an alcove. The wall behind creaked and he fell backwards into the upright body of Kha. The skeleton collapsed on top of him and, pinned to the floor, Indiana screamed fearing Duclos was coming to kill him.[2]

"I can tell you, kids. I've never ever been that scared — before or since!"
―Jones, recounting his childhood tale to a duo of captivated youngsters, 1992.[src]

Lawrence and Miss Seymour rushed in. His tutor pushed the body off him as Lawrence held Duclos against the wall with his gun. Duclos proclaimed his innocence in the murder of Sallam and revealed he was taking pictures within the tomb for the newspaper story. Lawrence questioned the magnesium powder recovered from Sallam's corpse to which Duclos pointed out that he was not the only who used it. Indiana looked at Kha and found it clutching a detonator plunger, revealing Demetrios as having embellished the curse inscription so he could steal the Jackal. Inside the demolitionist's tent, the four found the box for the plunger and powder used in flares, evidence in proving Demetrios' guilt.[2]

Duclos lamented that the murderer and thief must be at the docks by that time, which Lawrence refused to believe. He quickly set out on his bicycle to intercept Demetrios while asking Indiana not to forget him, and promised to write. Nevertheless, Indiana, Miss Seymour and Duclos followed and caught up to find Lawrence holding Demetrios. But Demetrios had hidden the artifact, and managed to flee the country soon after.[2] Indiana and his tutor reunited with Professor and Anna Jones, departing Egypt for the next leg of the tour: Morocco.[24]

Moroccan thrall[]

"And what exactly do slaves do?"
―Indiana Jones[src]

Arriving at Tangiers, the family was met by London Times journalist Walter Harris, an old school friend of Indiana's father staying in the country. Harris had arranged for the Joneses to meet with the Sharifa Emily Keene and while the adults conversed, Indiana was allowed to play outside with Keene assigning Omar, one of her slaves, to keep Jones company. During the game Indiana found he had to tell Omar not to let him win but complimented the boy on his English and discovered the boy didn't have to study like he. Jones considered the slave be lucky and Omar, like their game had been, accepted the point without argument.[24]

It was soon time for the family to move on to Ouezzane, where Professor Jones was due to give a lecture for the Moroccan Sultan. Indiana was disappointed their game was being cut short and Anna was unable to tell him if he would have anyone to play with there too. Hearing this predicament, the Sharifa allowed Omar to be Jones' playmate for the rest of their stay in the country.[24]


Journeying through Morocco with Omar.

For the seventy-five mile trip between cities, the boys talked. When Jones noted Morocco shared a similarity to Egypt, Omar, having never left the country, had to ask what that was. Jones explained which led to Indiana showing the slave his hand-drawn map and pointed out the countries and their differences in weather. The conversation brought up Jones' desire to be an archaeologist one day, another concept foreign to Omar. Indiana educated him further and asked what Omar was going to be. The slave replied that he would be just that, and was unable to abandon the role. It was with that that Indiana began to fully understand the concept.[24]

His growing concerns about the nature of slavery prompted a discussion on the subject when the travelers took a rest on the journey. Miss Seymour made it clear to him that Omar, with regards to the Sharifa, was for all intents and purposes property. It prompted Jones to decide to go and help his friend attend to the horses, and he let Omar know that as far he was concerned the boy wasn't a slave around him.[24]

The Joneses arrived in Ouezzane as guests in Harris' home. While Indiana was fetching something to eat, he spied a shrouded figure making his inside the building. Mistaking the man for a thief, the boy tried to rout him before he discovered the 'intruder' was none other than Harris himself. The journalist explained the Arab disguise allowed for easier movement around the marketplace, the natives less willing to confide in a European. His plans to meet with a grand vizier had been canceled having discovered the minister's severed head was on display for displeasing the sultan.[24]

Determined to see the head for himself, Indiana snuck out his Latin studies the moment his parents and teacher left the house. Ignoring the danger involved, he convinced Omar to join him and - Indy disguising himself like Harris had done - the pair headed for the busy marketplace. During their search, Indiana got distracted by a snake charming act and bumped into one of the spectators. The boys quickly returned to the search, unaware that the man had been alerted to the knowledge that they were traveling alone.[24]

They found the place where the vizier should be but no head. The very man Indiana had bumped into offered to show them where it was and led them down a deserted alley when his one-eyed colleague leapt out of hiding. Omar managed to flee but Jones was abducted.[24]

Bound and gagged within a small room, Indiana watched the slavers outside load camels with other children. He spied Omar sneaking to his rescue and managed to squeeze under the door to get his friend's attention. Omar undid the restraints but freedom, however, would be brief as the kidnappers caught the two as they made their escape. Indiana would get to experience the life of a slave first hand.[24]

The boys were loaded onto camels and taken far from the city. When the slavers set up camp to see the night through, Jones planned their escape. While most of the camp slept, the two tried to crawl their way to freedom. Suddenly the camp was assaulted by bandits and the slavers killed. Indiana mistook the attack for their salvation when in reality they were being stolen. The pair were loaded back onto the camels and taken all the way to Marrakesh, for Indiana would fetch a high price on the slave market.[24]

Herded with other slaves, the boys were paraded around the potential buyers. Separated from Omar, Indiana's turn came to be put on auction and his good health started a bidding war between a black robed stranger and a man in yellow turban. The black robe eventually won out and Indiana was carried away to meet his new owner. Once again the figure unveiled himself to be Walter Harris, who had managed to track him to the city. Indiana was grateful for his rescue but discovered the journalist had no intention of saving Omar.[24]

"Indy, you have given me dreams to dream. It is not my place to see or to go like you. But now, at least I have dreams."
Indy slave

Up for sale at a slavery auction in Marrakesh.

Indiana refused to abandon his friend. Omar hadn't left him when he had the chance and Jones would do the same even if Omar would remain a slave regardless. Indiana and Harris returned to the auction just as bidding began on Omar. Harris was low on money — having spent most on Indiana — when he joined the bidding, and Harris' opponent from before saw it was the same man who had taken Jones from him. Another bidding war started but Jones quickly improvised, loudly protesting to his 'master' that Omar was mute. Since such an affliction would lower a slave's worth, Harris complained he did not want to pay so much for him. In response, the man in the yellow turban did not bid any further to force Omar onto his foe. As such, Harris won out and the three quickly left. The turban clad buyer followed and discovered he had been cheated. He sent men after them but the three escaped on horseback.[24]

With the Moroccan leg of the lecture over, the family returned to the Sharifa. Omar was to go back into the service of Keene so it was time for Indiana and his friend to say goodbye. Omar wished him luck on his quest to be an archaeologist and Indiana hoped he could one day show Omar the places he'd asked about. He decided to give Omar his map and, stopping Omar from bowing, the boys shook hands before going their separate ways.[24]

British East Africa[]

"I didn't know it then, but I was looking at the Garden of Eden, before the fall of man."
―Indiana Jones, at the Metropolitan Foundation for Educational Quality, 1992.[src]
Medlicot train

Riding the train with Henry Jones Sr. and Richard Medlicot.

In September, the Joneses arrived at a coffee plantation in British East Africa near Nairobi at the invitation of one of Professor Jones' old classmates, Richard Medlicot. From there they were invited to go on safari with Former President Theodore Roosevelt, who was there to collect specimens for the Smithsonian Institution, and Frederick Selous, the best game hunter in Africa. The family traveled with Medlicot to Kirinyaga via train. Medlicot even arranged for a special seat on the front of the locomotive so that the young Jones could watch the wildlife as they traveled.

On the trip to the site, Indy was captivated by the beautiful countryside and its majestic animals. Upon arriving at camp, he hurriedly unpacked, anxious to meet his famous host. He was understandably disappointed when he found out that Roosevelt wouldn’t be back until nightfall. In the meantime, Medlicot showed Indy around the camp, introduced him to Heller, a taxidermist, and other members of the expedition. Left on his own, Indy wandered outside of camp. While exploring, he glimpsed a young African boy roughly his own age tending sheep. Before he had a chance to approach the boy, he was called back to camp.

Indy arrived just in time to witness the arrival of his host, Teddy Roosevelt, and was suitably impressed. That evening, Roosevelt and company were wondering about the disappearance of Burton's Fringe-Eared Oryx. Normally the animals should have been plentiful in the area, but not one had been spotted. Roosevelt was perplexed as he wished to bring a few specimens home for museums.

Indy roosevelt

Indiana with Teddy Roosevelt.

The next day, Roosevelt taught Indy to shoot a rifle. He also gave him a pair of binoculars to explore the surrounding countryside. He then left to go hunting. Later in the day, as Miss Seymour was teaching Indy about African wildlife, he vowed to find the oryx for Roosevelt. As he was exploring around the camp, he encountered the young tribal boy again. This time, Indy used basic sign language to introduce himself as "Indy." The boy introduced himself as Meto. Indy spent the rest of the afternoon with Meto, exploring and learning Meto's language.

Later that day, Indy and Roosevelt had a discussion. Indy was disturbed by the number of animals that the hunting party had already killed. Roosevelt told Indy that the animals were going to museums so that people could appreciate nature more. After dinner and over a game of checkers, Indy told Roosevelt that he would help him find the oryx. Their discussion gets interrupted by a shot. Frederick Selous had killed a lion that was roaming just outside of camp. While the adults congratulated each other, Indy became more disturbed.

The next day, Indy was up early and went to Meto for help in finding the oryx. Back at camp, he was missed and a search commenced. Meto took Indy to the Liabon who, through pictures drawn in the sand, described the fate of the oryx. Indy headed back to camp. As night fell, he made his way across the veldt, becoming increasingly scared of the animal noises emanating from the dark. He was finally found by one of the Askari guards.

"You see, all the plants and animals, they're, they're connected. When something happens to one animal, it causes something different to happen to all the other animals."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Taken back to camp, Indy was punished and not given a chance to explain. Early the next morning, Meto came to camp and he and Indy left before anyone else was awake. Meto took Indy to a place where there were oryxes. Indy then sneaked back to camp before breakfast. Over breakfast, Indy announced that he and Meto had found a small heard of oryx. Indy related the story he heard from the village elder to Roosevelt. The oryx's main food source was a root melon. Recently, a great fire had killed off most of the area's snake population. The snakes had controlled the population of mole rats. With no natural predators, the mole rats flourished and burrowed underground for food, eating the root melons. This forced the oryx herd to look for food elsewhere.

Indy led Roosevelt and a hunting party to where the oryx herd was grazing. The party brought down two when Indy interceded, stating that there had been enough killing. Roosevelt agreed, stating that the oryx were rare and that they didn’t know what animals may depend on the oryx. Their job completed, the hunting party packed up and headed back to civilization. Indy left Meto a goodbye gift of his binoculars.[25]

Art dealing in Paris[]

Indiana Jones: "But when you paint a wild horse, what does it look like?"
Pablo Picasso: "You might not see the horse, but you will certainly see the wildness."
―Discussing art with Picasso.[src]

In France, Miss Seymour was showing Indy Paris, "The City of Art." While in the Louvre, they met another boy, young fourteen-year-old Norman Rockwell. They looked at some paintings by Edgar Degas, but Indy was unimpressed with impressionism. Afterwards, Miss Seymour took the boys to a puppet show which neither of them appreciated. They managed to convince her to let them stay for another show while she went back to the hotel to write letters. They promised to be back in one hour.


With Miss Seymour and Norman Rockwell in Paris.

Instead, Norman promised to take Indy to where the real artists hanged out. They went to a rather disreputable-looking tavern where many artist including Degas, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque were currently having a heated discussion about cubism. Degas was critiquing the work of Picasso. He didn't like Picasso's work and called it destructive. Picasso said that artists need a new way of seeing things. Degas warned Picasso not pursue this new line of work as it could ruin his career. Picasso scoffed at the warning, saying he could do what Degas does in his sleep. Norman leaped to defend Degas, saying that no one can paint like him.

Picasso invited Norman and Indy to his apartment to watch him prove his claim. There, Picasso posed his model and worked in pastel. As he worked, he explained to the boys Degas' technique. When he was finished, he tossed it aside and did the painting the way Degas would do it - from memory. Braque showed Norman some of Picasso's early experiments with cubism. Norman sketched some of it in his notebook. Even though the assistant rendered some of the paintings, he said that it is the painting and not the painter that is important. Picasso finished the painting and it indeed looked like a work of Degas'. Picasso saw the sketch in Norman's notebook and signed it. They decided to go somewhere and get something to eat.

Meanwhile, Miss Seymour was frantic wondering where Indy was. She called the police, but had little confidence in the police inspector she dealt with. Along their way to a restaurant, Picasso invited along a couple of prostitutes. Indy thought that he should be heading back to the hotel, but Norman convinced him to stay. Picasso had the two prostitutes dance with Norman and Indy while he tried to devise a way to get Degas to sign his painting.

A little later, the prostitutes' pimps showed up and confronted Picasso. A fight broke out, but Picasso, Braque, Indy and Norman managed to make it out. Later, Picasso was helping Indy with a paper on Da Vinci that he had to write for Miss Seymour. They also talked about his new style and how Picasso was trying to give spirit some form. Before they parted for the night, Picasso invited them to a party the next evening. As Indy and Norman walked back to the hotel, they were accosted by the same two pimps, who chased them into a cemetery. They managed to frighten them off by using an old sheet and a skull to make a "ghost."

Indy picasso

In the company of Pablo Picasso.

Back at the hotel, Indy sneaked past Miss Seymour and hid in the large wardrobe closet. The next morning, Miss Seymour found him there. Indy told her that he was there the whole time working on his paper and must have fallen asleep, but this only made Miss Seymour more suspicious.

The next night, Miss Seymour went to bed, but locked Indy in his room. He climbed out the window and was almost killed when the gutter he was hanging on gave way. He made it safely the rest of the way down and caught up to Norman outside the party. They went inside to find that everyone was wearing costumes. There, they met Kahnweiler, an art dealer who wished to buy one of Picasso's cubist works. They were also introduced to Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas. Picasso was able to persuade another painter, Henri Rousseau, to tell a ghost story. At the story's climax, in walked Miss Seymour, who woke and discovered that Indy was gone, but had written down where he was going. Picasso pulled out a gun and marched Miss Seymour into another room. Once there, Picasso sketched her. She liked the traditional portrait he had done of her, but was totally impressed with the cubist version he did as well. Miss Seymour was also shown Picasso's forgery. Kahnweiler saw it and, unaware that it was a forgery, wanted to buy it for a thousand francs. Picasso acted reluctant and said that it was not signed. Kahnweiler said that he'd get it signed.

"And now I suppose you think you know all about art?"
Henry Jones Sr, speaking to his son.[src]

At the cafe, Kahnweiler got Degas, whose eyesight had begun to fail him and thought it was one of his paintings, to sign the painting. A delighted Picasso let everyone know that it was he who painted the picture and not Degas. Kahnweiler became angry. Norman and Indy, thinking the trick Picasso played on Degas was a rotten one, denied the claim. Norman said that it looked like a Degas and it was signed by Degas, so therefore it had to be one. Indy then sold Kahnweiler Norman's cubist sketch for a thousand francs which infuriated Picasso. He split the money with Norman and Picasso. Indy told Picasso that maybe he should stay around Paris and become his agent.[25]

Love blossoms[]

"We all fall in love, Henry. Some of us too soon, and some of us too late."
Helen Seymour[src]
Indy sophie

Getting to know Princess Sophie.

Professor Jones had decided to attend the first Psycho-Analytical Conference being held in Vienna. The family was staying at the American Ambassador's residence. Indy was taking riding lessons with the children of some of the city's elite, among them the daughter of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Princess Sophie. At one point she lost her hat, which Indy retrieved for her. He was rebuked by the instructor for his actions. Down in the stables, he introduced himself to her. She invited him along for a walk in the park, accompanied by Miss Seymour and her governess, Emilie.

Afterwards, they went to eat at a rather expensive hotel. Indy and Sophie went for a stroll in the hotel's greenhouse. Looking outside, they could see people skating on a frozen lake. Sophie said she had never tried skating, so Indy convinced her to do so. However, as Indy began to show her the ropes, Emilie arrived and took her away, furious. Indy was in big trouble. When his father found out he went mad and withdrew him from his riding lessons. Indy's mother was a bit more sympathetic. She explained to him that the imperial family had many enemies and what they did wasn't safe for Sophie. She told him that he'd make some other friends, but he responded that there was no one like her in the whole world.

The next day during tutoring, Miss Seymour caught Indy writing an apology letter to Sophie. She began to teach Indy about poetry, particularly the works of Wyatt and Shelley. Indy wondered if he could be in love. The following day, Indy received a letter from Sophie, in which she thanked him for the time they spent together. Indy's spirits were raised and he spent the day looking for a small gift to give her. In one shop, he saw the perfect gift - a small glass globe with two ice skating figurines inside. However, it cost too much. He continued to wander through the city, and eventually spoiled a con man's shell game by showing the victim how it was done. The grateful man gave Indy some money and it was enough for him to go back to the shop and buy the glass globe. However, when he went to the palace to give it to Sophie, he was chased away by the guards.

Indiana Jones: "Love was invented?"
Sigmund Freud: "Yes. And that was the beginning of the end, young man."
―Sharing dinner with Sigmund Freud.[src]

That evening at dinner, the Joneses were joined by Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and Sigmund Freud, getting into a discussion about the role sexuality plays in the makeup of human nature. Indy enquired about love, while the three men could not agree on what exactly it was, Freud told him he should not deny his feelings, but shout them out.

Indy poc

Indy being dragged away by the Austrian Imperial Guards.

Later that night, Indy snuck out of the embassy and left for the palace. He refused to leave until he got to talk to the Archduke. Ultimately, he was taken to see him. He informed the Archduke that he wished to marry Sophie when older and would like to say goodbye to her before he left in the morning. While the Archduke admired Indy's determination, he refused to honor his request. He then arranged for a carriage to take Indy back to the embassy.

Once the carriage dropped him off, it headed back to the palace, but Indy had managed to hide himself aboard. At the palace stables, he came out of his hiding place and entered the palace. He snuck through the halls, dodged the guards, and used dumbwaiters and a discovered secret passage to get to Sophie's room. She was happy to see him and gave him a gift of a locket with her picture. Indy gave her the globe and told her that he was in love with her. They kissed briefly and he said good-bye. He climbed down the balcony and snuck off the palace grounds as she waved goodbye. Jones would keep Sophie's locket for a long time, and he would later use it as a good luck-charm.[26]

Confusion in Florence[]

"All objects attract because of gravity."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Indy and his family then travelled to Florence, Italy where they came to stay with Professor and Senora Reale. They attended an opera written and conducted by Giacomo Puccini. Anna was extremely moved by the love story of the opera and the beauty of the singing. Even Indy enjoyed it and began to wonder if love could be as powerful as it was portrayed in the opera. After the show, Indy and his father visited Puccini backstage who was resting with a towel over his face. Senora Reale asked Puccini if he would attend her dinner party, but he said he was too tired. However, when Puccini was introduced to Indy's mother, he was immediately taken by her beauty and said he would be honored to attend.

At the party, Indy asked Puccini how he wrote the opera. Puccini told him he did it one note after the other. Indy told him that his mother enjoyed it so much that she cried. Puccini said that this meant that she understood great love. Indy told Puccini that they would be staying in Florence for a week while his father went to Rome to give a lecture. Indy told him he would be studying the laws of physics, specifically the laws of attraction. He said that the following day he would be going to Pisa to do an experiment just like Galileo. Puccini offered to escort them to Pisa as he grew up near there.

Indy anna puccini

On the way to Pisa.

The next day, Indy's father left for Rome, while Indy continued his studies of Physics with Miss Seymour. Puccini arrived a short while later and drove them to Pisa. Indy admired his motorized car, and Puccini told him that Leonardo Da Vinci was the first to invent the self-propelled car, not Henry Ford. Indy and Miss Seymour climbed to the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa with two irons, one heavier than the other. Miss Seymour asked him which will hit the ground first if they were to drop them both at the same time. Indy replied that the heavier one would. Miss Seymour told him that that was what Aristotle thought, but Galileo believed they would both hit the ground at the same time due to the fact that they had the same density. Indy proved this by dropping the weights which did indeed hit at the same time. Puccini asked Indy's mother about her life. He told her about how he came to realize that he was destined to write operas about love and beauty. He told her, however, that an artist can only create the approximation of beauty, never the real thing. He went on to tell her about the problems he had with his marriage.

That night Indy's mother received a large bouquet of flowers from Puccini. She wrote a letter to her husband and had it mailed. A few days later, they attended a rehearsal of Puccini's new opera, Madame Butterfly, and witnessed an argument between Puccini and one of the singers. Puccini told them that a singer alone could not portray his emotions; he needed an actress also. Puccini gave Indy's mother a piece of the sheet music from the opera signed, "To Senora Jones, who feels the music." He then offered to show them around Florence tomorrow. That night Indy's mother explained to him how music is a special language that can convey a wide range of emotions. The next day, Indy's mother enjoyed the guided tour of Florence. While alone, Puccini confessed to Indy's mother that he felt that they were connected and should be together, however, she told him that she was married and no matter what her feelings were for him, they could speak no further of it. She asked him to take them back to the house.

The following day at breakfast, Indy asked his mother what was bothering her. She seemed upset that she hadn't received a reply from his father in the mail. Indy told her that he’d be back the following night. They decided to go sight seeing on their own that day, however, Puccini tracked them down. Miss Seymour steered Indy away from them so his mother and Puccini could speak in private. Puccini apologized to her, but said he could not stay away. He said he wanted to work with her in his sight because she had revitalized his passion. She was extremely distraught over the feelings she had for him and asked to be left alone. Indy interrupted them as he realized something was going on. Puccini asked her to meet him in the botany gardens that evening. She refused, but he said he would wait until she came.

That evening, Indy's mother left him and Miss Seymour to take a walk. She met Puccini in the garden and they kissed passionately. They spent the evening walking together throughout Florence. They arrived back at the opera house where Puccini's play was opening. The play was a success and he walked her back to the house. Miss Seymour spotted them from her window as they kissed. Miss Seymour confronted her when she came inside and asked if she was still planning on leaving Florence for Paris when Professor Jones returned. She said yes, but was obviously still considering staying. The next day, Indy and Miss Seymour were visiting the science museum while his mother went shopping. Indy said that he had noticed that his mother had been acting strange which she didn’t seem to do when his father was around. He wished that his father had written his mother a letter. Looking through a telescope at the street below he spotted his mother having lunch with Puccini. Puccini asked Anna to come away with him. She said it was too fast, but he told her that the train leaves at midnight. She ran from him in confusion.


The Jones family reunited.

That night Indy asked his mother about her "shopping" earlier that day and asked if she saw Puccini. She said she ran into him while shopping. Indy went to bed and Anna began crying. Miss Seymour tried to comfort her, but she explained how confused she was concerning Puccini. She told Miss Seymour that Puccini wanted her to go away with him as Indy listened at the door to his room. She told Miss Seymour that she did love him, but Miss Seymour warned her that passion always burns brightest at first and that Puccini had no right to ask her to give up everything for him. Anna admitted that she did still love her husband, and didn't want to think of leaving him or Indy, but she was electrified when she was with Puccini. That night Anna went to the train station and walked past Puccini to greet her husband. She told him how much she had missed him and told him she wanted to always stay together. Puccini walked away heartbroken.[26]

For his tenth birthday, Indy was provided with an archery set from his father. Henry sat up a target and instructed Indiana to inform him of when he had hit the bullseye. Indy practiced the entire afternoon, and when Henry returned to see how it all had transpired, Indy told him that he simply couldn't hit it. Henry told him that the problem was that he didn't believe that he could do it. Convincing himself that he could pull it off, Indy managed to hit the target. Henry's lesson was to teach his son not to become cynical.[27] Indy's mischievous nature would continuously manifest itself during the family's travels, such as in Saint Petersburg when he painted a live pig purple, and in Murmansk where he confined a wild moose to an outhouse.[28]

At some point during the Joneses' world tour, Indy attended an archaeological dig in Jerusalem.[8] He would also come to visit Stockholm, the Swedish capital.[29]

Meeting Tolstoy[]

Leo Tolstoy: "You reeking little swine, how dare you shoot me in the ass!?"
Indiana Jones: "I thought you were a giant weasel..."
―Becoming Leo Tolstoy's impromptu travel companion.[src]

By 1910, Indy and his family were staying in Russia with friends of his father's who had invited them to their daughter's wedding. Indy tried to behave himself and enjoy the wedding at the same time, but failed to do so. He leaned against a cart with crystal on it which sent it crashing into a passing waiter. Indy's father took him out into the hall to reprimand him. He told Indy that he was to stand in the hall and not move, however, Indy disobeyed him. As he walked into an adjoining room, he brushed against a handle attached to the rope a huge chandelier was hanging from. The handle came unlocked and the chandelier crashed down onto the wedding cake. Indy's parents looked on in disbelief and his mother brought him to his room. Indy apologized to his mother, but she told him that his father would deal with him in the morning. Indy, feeling he was being treated unfairly, climbed down a gutter drain outside his window and ran away.[21]

The next morning, Miss Seymour woke Indy's parents to tell them that Indy was gone. Indy's father began to search for him. Indy, sleeping in a haystack, was awoken by a small weasel. He tried to shoot it with his slingshot, but hit an old man who was also sleeping in the haystack. The old man advanced on him swinging a stick and yelling in Russian. Indy said that he didn't speak Russian, so the man started yelling at him in English. The man said how he hated young people and walked off with Indy's slingshot. Indy followed him trying to get his slingshot back. The man told him to stop following him, but Indy refused. The man gave him back his slingshot and told him to get off his side of the road.[21]

Indy walked with the old man (on his side of the road) and explained how he was running away back to America. When Indy questioned why the man didn't want to return Indy to his parents the man said that he never did what he was supposed to do and he was also running away. Indy didn't believe him because he was old. The man asked him if he thought only little boys were driven crazy by their parents.[21]

Meanwhile, Indy's parents were getting extremely worried about him. Indy asked the man if he was going to miss anyone. The man said he would miss his dogs. Indy said he missed his dog also. Indy's sole came off his boot and the man said he'll fix it. The man showed Indy his prize possession, his bible. Indy showed him his baseball mitt and ball. He explained to him the basics of the game and showed him his baseball card collection. Indy said he wouldn't give up his prize card for all of the gold in China. The man said he felt the same way about his bible.[21]

With Indy's boot fixed, the two continued on their way. They began to feel hungry and Indy started eating the apple he brought with him. He offered the man one bite, but the man managed to eat half of the apple with his one bite. Indy complained, but the man told him that things should be divided each according to his needs. Since he was bigger than Indy, he required more. Indy stated that it was his apple, but the man said that it grew on a tree in the ground and belonged to the world. Indy said he would never share anything with him again.[21]

Indy tolstoy

In the midst of the Russian countryside accompanied by Tolstoy.

The two continued on in silence as it began to thunder. Indy's father said that he should never have brought Indy along on his trip through Europe. Indy and the man reached a village and the villagers rushed to great the man yelling, "Tolstoy!" Indy was amazed at how friendly the people were to Tolstoy. The villagers welcomed "Count" Tolstoy into their inn and gave him food to eat. Indy watched from the window as rain began to pour down on him. Tolstoy yelled at him to get inside and stop making him feel guilty. Once Indy finished the meal he asked if Tolstoy was some kind of king in disguise. Tolstoy told him that he wrote a few books years ago, but they weren't very good. He told Indy that he was running away to nowhere in particular. He just wanted a simpler life, closer to God. Indy told him he could run away to New Jersey with him and Tolstoy agreed.[21]

The Russian police arrived looking for Tolstoy and told him they were here to take him back to his family. Indy flipped the table up and knocked down the police. In the confusion, he and Tolstoy escaped. Indy's father became increasingly worried about the dangers that Indy might have encountered and blamed himself for Indy running away. As Indy and Tolstoy hid in a barn, they watched as Imperial Cossack troops rode by. Tolstoy told him that they were ruthless and were used by the government to rid themselves of "certain unfortunate ethnic groups." Indy finally placed the name "Tolstoy" and asked if he was the author of War and Peace. Indy said his father thought he was great, but Tolstoy answered his father was an imbecile.[21]

Tolstoy said they should head for the train station. On the way, they stopped so Indy could teach Tolstoy about baseball. Indy said it's too bad Tolstoy wasted all those years writing because he could have been a great hitter. A group of gypsies passed by and gave the two of them a ride. That night, Tolstoy told everyone a scary story around the campfire. While they all danced around the campfire, the Cossacks attacked, killing many of the gypsies. Tolstoy was knocked down by a Cossack on a horse, but Indy rescued him. The two fled as the camp was set on fire. Indy brought Tolstoy to a church, but the monk tries to throw them out thinking they were beggars. Indy told him that the man was Tolstoy and they tried to help him. As Tolstoy awoke he realized where he was and ran out. He told Indy that they drove people away from God and he'd sooner die than receive help from them. Tolstoy fell unconscious in a field nearby and Indy screamed for help. Some men heard him and brought Tolstoy inside their house. The next day, Indy asked Tolstoy why he hated the church so much. He said that they diminished God by claiming to speak for him. He told Indy not to try to see God through spectacles borrowed from the church, but instead through his own eyes. Meanwhile, Miss Seymour wasn't feeling well from all of the worry. Indy's father just wished he could talk to him and began crying.[21]

Indy and Tolstoy arrived at the train station just as the train left. Indy noticed that Tolstoy was not doing too well. He told him that he didn't think he was up to the trip. Tolstoy got angry as Indy told him that he thought he should return to his family. Tolstoy agreed to go as long as Indy would return to his family as well. Indy's father and mother were looking in on Miss Seymour who was bedridden when a hotel clerk knocked at the door to tell them that Indy had been found. Indy's mother made his father promise that he wouldn’t be too hard on him. Indy's parents arrived at Tolstoy's estate and were reunited with Indy. Indy apologized for running away. Before he could accept, Indy's father spotted Tolstoy and was amazed. Indy introduced his parents to Tolstoy. After they left, Tolstoy went inside to rest. Indy's mother asked where Indy had gotten the bible he had. Indy said he traded Tolstoy his baseball card collection for it. Tolstoy took out the baseball cards and enthusiastically read through them. Indy and his parents left Russia for Athens, Greece. While on the train, Professor Jones blamed him for Miss Seymour's condition. Indy said he hated his father.[21]

Travels with father[]

Indiana Jones: "Father, I really doubt if a bus is even gonna come and if it does, there's probably only one a day and, and it's probably already gone!"
Henry Jones Sr: "Junior, you are now being cynical."
―Indy and his father hitchhike through Greece while discussing philosophy.[src]

After arriving in Athens, Greece, Indy's father took him and his mother to see the Parthenon, however, Indy's mother decided they should return to the hotel to look in on Miss Seymour. The next day, Indy's mother departed to visit her sister at a spa for the weekend, and left Indy to accompany his father on his research trip. Both Indy and his father did not like the fact that they were stuck with each other. Indy's father said that he had to go to the hanging monastery in Kalambaka, but Indy's mother said that he'd have to take Indy with him. His father tried to argue that it was dangerous, but she disagreed. After she left, Indy's father lectured him on his behavior and said that he had enough work for Indy to keep him busy throughout the weekend.[21]

Indy henry parthenon

With his father at the ancient Greek theater.

Upon reaching the site of Aristotle's theater, Indy's father gave instructions to the cab driver in ancient Greek, but Indy wasn't sure that he understood properly. Indy's father told Indy that this was the birthplace of Philosophy and explained to him the fundamentals of it. He told him of Aristotle's teachings of logic in a system called syllogism. He demonstrated by using a stick as a sword and acting out a fight. He fell to the floor seemingly dead. As Indy rushed to his side, he jumped up and said that all men are mortal which is a general truth. He is a man, ergo he is mortal which is a specific truth. He then said that Socrates was a man, ergo Socrates was mortal which is a syllogism. This, he told Indy, was an example of Aristotelian logic and that deductive logic is the key that will unlock the great mysteries of our universe and our very existence. The questions that Aristotle asked marked a turning point in the history of mankind. These thoughts sat us apart from all the other creatures in the world.[21]

They then went to leave, but Indy found that the cab was gone. His father pointed to a cab and said that that was logically their cab. Their cab was parked there; this cab was parked there now; ergo that was their cab. They got in the cab and took off. They soon realized that the driver was not the same and they were kicked out of the cab. They began trekking to the monastery on foot. On the way, Indy's father continued to lecture to Indy about the ancient Greeks.[21]

Eventually a horse and buggy approached and they managed to get a ride. Indy's father tried to continue lecturing over the sounds of the chickens in the buggy and another rider's wind flute. They were dropped off still far away from the monastery looking completely disheveled. They bathed in the ocean to clean up, however, a group of goats ate holes in their clothes. They arrived in a nearby village wearing nothing, but pieces of a bush and managed to get some very "native" looking clothes from the peasants. They managed to get a lift from a man named Aristotle whose donkey pulling the cart was named Plato.[21]

Aristotle asked Indy's father if he was interested in politics. When his father said no, Aristotle called him an idiot. Indy was shocked, however, his father explained that the English word "idiot" comes from a Greek word meaning "one who is not interested in politics." Indy's father and Aristotle soon got into an argument about democracy. Indy's father said that Greece was the home of democracy. He explained Plato and Aristotle's system of government. The three began getting confused about what they were arguing about since Indy's father was constantly talking about what Aristotle and Plato said and the driver kept thinking he was talking about him and his donkey. Aristotle kicked Indy's father, "the raving democrat," out of the buggy. Indy's father walked alongside while Indy refused to get out of the cab. He said that if this was really a democracy like his father argued then he could stay in the cab if he wanted to.[21]

They eventually arrived at the hanging monastery which was situated at the top of a mountain and got into a cage which would be raised up the side of the mountain by the monks above. On the trip up Indy noticed the height was bothering his father who was sitting completely still. They were greeted by the monks and told that the following day the monks would be cloistered and would keep a vow of silence for the following two days. After dinner, they were shown to their room which was basically a closet with one hard bed. The next day, Indy watched the monks as they chanted. He then went to the library and tried to keep quiet while his father translated texts. He told his father that he was bored. His father's solution was to make Indy look up Aristotle's laws of syllogism and write three pages on the nature of Aristotelian logic and its relation to causality. Indy found the books his father referred him to and began to read through them.[21]

Indiana Jones: "I'm bored..."
Henry Jones Sr: "Bored? We're sitting in one of the most fascinating libraries in this part of the world and you're bored?"
―Confined to the solitude of a Greek monastery.[src]

Indy met Nikos Kazantzakis, who was also studying the texts at the monastery. He looked at the assignment Indy's father gave him and decided to help him out. He explained that Aristotle said that nature does not act without a cause; which sprang from his theory of causality. He demonstrated this by having Indy give a push to an orange set atop some books. He stated that there were many factors that caused the orange to fall: the essence of the orange (its weight), the structure of the orange (it is round), the fact that Indy pushed it, and finally, that it's function included seeking the lowest level. Indy interpreted this last factor to be gravity, but Nikos said that the function of the orange is to fall from the tree to make another orange. Indy wrote in his paper what Nikos explained him, but he asked what causes nature? Nikos said that this is a question that comes from wisdom and not logic. He said that this is the question that Indy's father wanted him to find. He said God, the prime cause, dances beyond the bounds of logic. He said that wisdom is greater than logic, but it leaves you asking whether you can accept something as being true without proof.[21]

Indy henry twf

With Henry Sr. at the Greek monastery.

Later in the day, Indy and his father said goodbye to the monks at the elevator cage. The monks headed off to begin their vow of silence and Indy gave his father his report. They boarded the cage and began to be lowered down. Indy's father read the report on the way down and said it was good although he didn't agree that wisdom is greater than logic. The cage stopped and Indy's father stepped out to find that they were only halfway down. He managed to grab hold of the cage as he fell and climbed back in. Indy began to suspect the worst, thinking that the monks had stranded them there so they would starve to death. They yelled for help, however, no one answered. The sun began to set and the temperature starts dropping. They started a small fire using pieces of wood from the cage, however the cage itself caught on fire. While trying to put out the fire, Henry accidentally broke a hole in the floor of the elevator.[21]

The next morning, they began to doubt that the monks would find them and tried to devise a plan on how to save themselves. Indy's father attempted to climb up the rope that the cage was hanging from, but only got a few feet before his fear of heights froze him in place. He slid back down the rope and burned his hands in the process. The rope then began to fray. Indy said they needed to be logical to get out of the predicament. He reasoned a ladder is made of wood and the cage was made of wood; ergo their cage was a ladder. They broke off pieces of wood and rope and made individual ladder rungs that could be fastened to the rope above and then unfastened once they had climbed above each rung. Indy's father made it past the part of the rope that was fraying and barely managed to grab hold of Indy and the rope snapped and the cage plummeted to the ground. They reached the top of the mountain cliff and found that the monk working the pulley controlling the cage was knocked unconscious when the pulley fell from the roof. Indy and his father laughed as the tension was released and shared a hug. Relieved that their ordeal was over, the two traveled back to Athens, deciding not to share the details of the adventure with Anna and Miss Seymour, but exclaiming through a syllogism that they had a great time together as father and son.[21]

Theological lessons[]

"God is not a Buddhist or a Hindu or a Muslim or a Christian or a Jew. God is in every person and in every living thing. There is one thing that every religion say: that God is compassion. God is love."
Jiddu Krishnamurti[src]

When the Jones family arrived in Benares, on the Ganges River, they were staying at the Hindu National College. One afternoon while Indy was supposed to be studying geometry, he decided to sneak out for a look around the city. He saw some children playing in a field and was invited to join them. He thought they were playing baseball, but they were actually playing cricket. One of the boys introduced himself as Krishnamurti and asked about baseball. Indy taught them the game, but they didn't quite get the hang of it. After a while, Miss Seymour came looking for him. He told her that he was engaged in a cultural exchange, though Miss Seymour was not totally convinced by his story.

Indy jor

Learning the art of meditation.

That evening, the family went to a reception given by Annie Besant and the Theosophical Society. Miss Seymour was not in favor of saying that they preached free love and socialism. Professor Jones countered her claims and said that they were also strong advocates of women's rights. He explained to Indy that Theosophists were looking to explore the common ground that all religions share.

At the reception, Besant introduced Charles Leadbeater, who said that he had discovered a new world teacher or Messiah. He then introduced young Krishnamurti. Later, Indy saw Krishnamurti meditating and decided to try it himself, and then they decided to go for a bike ride. Along the way, they discussed the nature of God and how various religions perceive him. Krishnamurti told Indy about Buddha and they saw a Hindu funeral along the Ganges.

Indy and Krishnamurti came across a crying woman in the marketplace. Her child had just died in her arms. Krishnamurti was able to comfort her without saying a word and barely touching her.

Indy gave Krishnamurti a baseball card of Ty Cobb as a souvenir, while he gave Indy a vial of water from the Ganges River. He also told Indy that the Theosophy Society was looking for someone to lead them to God, but everyone has to do that for themselves. God is compassion and love, no matter what religion one belongs to.[16]

The needles of Wen Ch-Iu[]

"Yin and Yang are the two opposites which control the universe and thus the human body."
Mr. Li[src]

In Peking, Professor Jones was working with some university scholars and translators. Mrs. Jones and Miss Seymour were determined to see the sights of China and were taking Indy with them. Although Henry, Sr. was worried about his wife's health, she told him that she was fine.

Kidindy china

Exploring China.

They sat out with their guide Mr. Li. On the train, Miss Seymour was tutoring Indy in Chinese history when he noticed a suspicious looking Chinese man looking into their compartment. The man moved along when he noticed that Indy saw him. They first visited a Buddhist temple and then the Great Wall. Afterwards, they took a barge to their next destination. On board, Mrs. Jones and Miss Seymour discussed the possibility of seeing the birthplace of Confucius. Mr. Li told them that the journey would be long and hard, but they insisted. While Miss Seymour was quizzing Indy, he told her that he thought it was more important to learn a country's language and culture than its history. He also saw the same suspicious man again and told Mr. Li. Mr. Li said that it was probably a coincidence. Indy wondered if it could be one of those revolutionaries that did not like foreigners that he heard his father talk of.

Later that evening at the inn, Mr. Li was explaining Chinese philosophy to Mrs. Jones and Miss Seymour, when Indy thought he saw the mysterious man again. He didn't say anything to the adults. The next day, they hired a wagon for the journey. The driver, Ah Pin, only spoke pidgin English. Along the way, Mr. Li instructed Indy in the Chinese language. He showed Indy how inflection was important and could change the meaning of a word.

Indy complained of a headache. While the adults were away, Indy saw the suspicious looking man around the cart. The man told Ah Pin that Mr. Li was looking for him. He then tried to steal the wagon, but Indy had unhitched the horse. Mr. Li threatened the suspicious man and then sent him on his way. Mr. Li then told Indy not to mention the incident to the women. Ah Pin would lose face if it were revealed he was tricked. He told Indy that he acted well and didn't need the approval of others. They got a new horse and proceeded on their trip.

As they continued across the country in the wagon, Indy started to become sicker and was soon running a fever. Storm clouds started to gather and they decided to head for a nearby mission. The rain continued to come down as Indy's condition worsened. Eventually, they came to a river that they had to cross. Halfway across, the horse was frightened and bolted, overturning the cart. Everyone got to shore, but their luggage was all washed downstream.

"Now, it may be hard for you to imagine, little fella... But to that poor Chinese family, my mother was asking for the moon."
―Indiana Jones, to his great-grandson, 1992.[src]
Indy feverish

Indy feverstruck.

They made their way through the rain to a farmhouse. The family welcomed them in and they quickly tried to get Indy warm and dry. They told Mrs. Jones that the nearest American doctor was three days away at the mission, but there was a local Chinese doctor. Mrs. Jones didn't trust the local doctor. The next day, Mr. Li told them that even though the family is poor, they were glad to host them until Indy was better. Hospitality was very important to the Chinese. Indy's condition continued to worsen. They managed to get the cart fixed, but Indy was too sick to travel. Ah Pin and Miss Seymour sat out to the American mission for the doctor. A delirious Indy asked his mother if he was going to die, just like his sister Susie did when she was little. She told him no.

The next day, they witnessed an altercation between the family's father and a man on a donkey. Their attention was diverted when Indy threw a fit. Mr. Li said that there were still two days until the doctor arrived. That evening the family prayed for Indy. Mrs. Jones was determined that their son was not going to die and sent for the Chinese doctor. He arrived the next day and examined Indy. He decided that Indy had to be treated with acupuncture. A delirious Indy became upset and this bothered his mother. The Chinese mother tried to comfort her. Mrs. Jones held Indy's hand throughout the procedure and told him to trust in the doctor. As he applied the needles, Dr. Wen Ch-Iu explained what he was doing. Mr. Li translated for him. When he was done, he said that Indy would recover if his strength would hold.

Miss Seymour arrived with Dr. James Morton from the mission. He was very pleased to meet Dr. Wen Ch-Iu, one of the few local physicians who he didn't consider a quack. Morton said that Indy probably had Typhoid Fever, but was getting better. Ah Pin also found some of their luggage. As Indy regained his strength, he spent time playing Chinese checkers with the children and learning their language. A few days later, the man on the donkey returned. Mr. Li explained that the father had to borrow money and used the land as collateral. The debt was now due, but he couldn't pay. Mrs. Jones decided to pay the debt out of gratitude, but Mr. Li said that the father would lose face. She said that she owed them something for all of their hospitality. She gave him the money, which he gave to the debt collector. She also bought the family some chickens and they had a small feast before leaving to continue their journey.[16]

While journeying to meet Professor Jones in Shanghai, Indiana came across bride Yang Wei close to his age with eyes red from crying. Shocked to find out from interpreter Lin Feng that she was due to be wed so young, and to a man so much older, he took the first opportunity he could to create a distraction in the market and run away with the confused girl. Jones returned with her to the inn at which he was staying to hide and the pair — despite neither speaking the other's language — were introduced formally.

As Jones began planning a way for Yang Wei to escape, they were interrupted by an angry Miss Seymour ready to take the girl back. Indiana protested, but Lin Feng advised the boy of the difference in their cultures and he helped translate for Yang Wei to reveal that she was crying not for being made to marry an older man, who was both gentle and prosperous, but was simply sad to be leaving her family. At Miss Seymour's request, Jones returned with Yang Wei to the market and the bride gave him the gift of a small Buddha statue she wore around her neck to mark their friendship.[30]

Sometime during 1910, Indy met renowned magician and escape artist Harry Houdini in Melbourne, Australia. Houdini made the first successful flight over Australia and Indy flew with him.[31] In August, the Jones family's world tour finally came to an end, as they returned to Princeton.


"It was just the two of us, dad. It was a lonely way to grow up. For you, too. If you had been an ordinary, average father like the other guys' dads, you'd have understood that."
―Indiana Jones discusses his upbringing with his father, 1938.[src]
Indy sepia2

Indiana and his father during their move to Utah.

When Indy was twelve, he accompanied his father to New Orleans where he got to listen to the jazz greats of that era, amongst others King Oliver. His parents had to, quite literally, drag him away from Preservation Hall.[11]

In April of 1912, Indy visited England and was invited to tea with the famous Sherlock Holmes author, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Soon after, Indy returned to the United States along with Miss Helen Seymour on the ill-fated ocean liner, the Titanic. He and his former tutor narrowly escaped the fate that claimed more than 1,517 lives.[32]

In May, Indy's mother Anna unexpectedly died of scarlet fever,[33] an event which created a rift in the family that survived her. Indy's relationship with his father had always been difficult, but with his mother gone they drifted further apart from each other. Indy came to realize that one of the few ways with which to communicate with Henry Sr. was to speak to him in ancient Greek.[12]

The following month, Indy travelled with Miss Seymour along the New England coast and engaged in a treasure hunt after hearing stirring tales of Captain Kidd's exploits.[34] When he began teaching at Four Corners University, Henry Sr. moved with his son to Moab, Utah. During the summer, Indy's father forced him to read Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival — an account of the Grail legend.[27] In July, the young Jones travelled to the Far North with Miss Seymour and his boarding school pal Herman Mueller — on the lookout for treasure — where they encountered the distinguished writer Jack London.[35]

The Cross of Coronado[]

"That cross is an important artifact. It belongs in a museum!"
―Indiana Jones[src]

Teenage Indy.

In Utah, Indy kept busy as a member of the Boy Scouts, having achieved the rank of "Life Scout." By early August, one particular expedition led by scout leader Havelock was a planned overnight in Arches National Park. The group were specifically instructed not to wander off into the vast Indian tunnels within the desert cliffs. Nonetheless, Indy and his companion Herman accidentally stumbled upon a band of rogue treasure hunters, led by a man known simply as Fedora, who were in the process of looting the caves. The priceless artifact they unearthed was correctly identified by Indy as the Cross of Coronado. Indy ordered Herman to return to town and alert the local Sheriff, while he would grab the Cross and flee.[12]

Unwilling to give up on their highly coveted prize, the thieves pursued Indy, who was attempting to escape on horseback. In a stroke of luck, the Dunn & Duffy circus train just happened to be passing by. Indy proceeded to hop aboard the top of the moving vehicle, and it was here that he fell into a box of snakes, which resulted in his lifelong aversion to the creatures.[36] He was also treated to an unplanned crash course in the use of a bullwhip, when he was forced to defend himself against a circus lion — though the misplaced initial snap would leave him with a lifelong scar on his chin. Ultimately, through a combination of wit and pure chance, Jones outsmarted the band of thieves, and escaped home on foot with the Cross in his possession.[12]

"You lost today, kid. But that doesn't mean you have to like it."

Inheriting Fedora's hat.

At the Jones residence, Indy desperately tried to catch his father's attention, to no avail. Herman arrived, accompanied by the Sheriff — to whom Indy willingly entrusted the Cross. However, Fedora's band had still not given up, and the Sheriff made the claim that they, by legal right plus the sheer amount of witnessess, were the rightful owners of the Cross. The thieves were ultimately allowed to keep the Cross, in turn placing it directly in the hands of their apparent benefactor — a mysterious man wearing a Panama Hat. Fedora, impressed with Indy's relentless determination, took his hat off and placed it on the boy's head as a sign of respect and encouragement. This all too brief acquaintance with the seasoned treasure hunter would prove to be a great influence on Jones in his subsequent professional career, and for the remainder of his life.[12]

Teenage exploits[]

"A whip can come in real handy in tight spots."
―Indiana Jones[src]
289177314 5310959002280647 1997537706705988551 n

At the Mountains of Superstition.

The same month — while on a visit with his father to Durango, Colorado — Indy met an Anasazi man who claimed to be Billy the Kid. Together, they put a stop to a pair of bank robbers,[37] and in November Indy was in Paris, where he solved the mystery surrounding a stolen bulb of radium from the Institute of Marie Curie.[38]

1913 found Jones in Arizona. Lost with his fellow scouts in the Superstition Mountains, the group investigated a scream emanating from deep within the cavern.[39] That spring, Indy was with his father in Georgetown, while the senior Jones was lecturing at the university on medieval literature. Indy, however, traveled to the Carolinas where he followed the trail of a Civil War slave in the Underground Railroad together with his new friend Lizzie Ravenall.[40]

289114626 5310962915613589 1283583708161744053 n

With Lizzie Ravenall, in Georgetown.

Also that year, Henry made Indy re-read Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival, only now in its original language — German. This was followed by looking into Richard Wagner's opera of the same name. On each following day, Henry would ask Indy questions to make sure he understood the story — if he didn't know the answers, he had to go back and read the related section again. When he finished the book, he was awarded with other works that he had to read; Sir Thomas Mallory's Le Morte d'Arthur, and Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King. This research would provide Indy with information of the Grail legend that would come to great use much later in his life.[27]

Traversing the globe[]

"You know, Sallah, I've got a hunch that this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship."
―Jones' first meeting with Sallah.[src]

Professor Jones' studies led to the pair traveling the world once more. As a consequence of his father's lectures and increasingly devoted research into Grail lore, Indiana found himself on adventures with various other people. In one of his first meetings with Marcus Brody, an old friend of his father's. Indy would join him in the search for archaeological artifacts in Egypt. At the Great Pyramid of Giza, Indy was introduced to quick-witted native Sallah Mohammed Faisel el-Kahir. Together, Jones and Sallah uncovered a valuable ring from the not-yet-officially-discovered tomb of King Tutankhamun. In the process, they also foiled a fiendish plot by archaeologist Gustav von Trappen to use the Valley of the Kings as a storage bunker for German weapons in a future war, narrowly escaping the last major outbreak of the bubonic plague.[41]


Battling Gustav von Trappen at Giza.

In August, Jones visited the monastery of Tsadong in the Himalayas where the child Lama was removed and sequestered. To save his new friend, Indy took on those known to the Buddhists as harmful demons.[42] The summer ended with a brief jaunt to St. Petersburg, Russia and a meeting with the hereditary Georgian princess, Tamar.[43] Afterward, Indy rejoined his father in Armenia (Henry Sr. being on a side trip studying the Crusades). Later, in October, Indy found himself in a boarding school in England, while his father lectured at Cambridge University. This did nothing to slow down Indy's adventures, however. Between a corrupt mine owner, a ring that may have belonged to the court of King Arthur and the mystique of Samhaim (All Hallow's Eve), Indy had little trouble filling in the time between classes.[44]


Witnessing the kidnapping of Princess Tamar.

The same year, while on a desert hike with his father, Indy met a Navajo medicine man called Changing Man, who took a liking to him, and told him that they would meet again.[45] In December, Indy and Herman Mueller aided Herman's father on a research trip to Stonehenge. They soon discovered that someone was trying to sabotage the dig, as they were confronted by a magic-wielding German spy. Indy and Herman barely escaped injury with some questionable help from the ancient stones themselves, and the power of the rising sun focused through the saboteur's magic crown.[46]

"C'mon, dad, I can't spend my whole time studying! Everyone needs a little--"
―Indiana Jones[src]

1914 began with Indy being allowed to travel to London for one last vacation before returning to school. While there, Indy discovered (through a bit of misfortune) that an ancient Greek bowl was a forgery. Indy and his father then travelled back to Greece in search of the stolen artifact.[47] Later, Indy discovered the power of an Italian curse placed upon a cross made from the sword hilt of a Norman warrior. He helped his old friend Lizzie Ravenall locate the cross while on break in New York City.[48]


A volcanic eruption on Hawaii.

Back in Utah in May, Indy's school burned down, ending the year early. Making sure that Indy didn't lose out on his studies, his father sent him off with a graduate assistant to southern France. The goal of their trip was to find a letter from King Louis IX, sent before the king's second crusade. Instead they found a jewel-encrusted crown stolen by Louis from a Romani tribe.[49] Immediately following his escapade in France, Indy was dragged to Constantinople as his father pursued the Holy Grail. Also joining him was Herman Mueller, and together they investigated the trail of a knife believed to be linked to the legend of Cain and Abel. The Joneses left Turkey following this adventure, when Indy's father heard of the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, as the professor was concerned that the European political climate was leading to war.[50]

In the latter half of 1914, Indy and his father relocated to Princeton.[27] Indiana then spent the remainder of his summer break working as a coal shoveler on a train.[51] He also ran errands for Hobey Baker at Princeton University.[9] In October, far from the problems in Europe, the Joneses traveled to China in search of more Grail clues. However, in Honolulu, one of their stopovers on the way, the war caught up with them. Indy's adventure in Honolulu pitted him against a very active volcano and a German agent intent on killing a British professor.[52] Once they finally left Honolulu, they still encountered troubles as their steamer was intercepted by a Japanese naval vessel. Indy discovered soon after that someone had smuggled a golden Chinese dragon statuette in his luggage, which he hid from the Japanese inspectors. Once they reached the mainland, the statuette became the object of a desperate hunt by Chinese, Japanese and German factions.[53]


Jones, while in India.

In December, Indy and his father traveled to India, where he met and befriended Prince Kasim. The royal guard told Indy and Kasim not to touch the ancient tiger's-eye amulet, but Kasim refused to listen and began wearing it around his neck. When a tiger was seen stalking the area, Indy noticed that Kasim had mysteriously disappeared. He began to wonder if his friend could have changed into a dreaded legendary beast — the weretiger. Indy sat out to find the answer and save his friend from the curse of the amulet.[54]

In 1915, Indiana spent yet another summer break working as a coal shoveler on a train — gradually turning into a self-proclaimed expert on trains.[51]

Race to danger[]

"Bless my dynamo!"
―Indiana Jones[src]

February 1916 had Indy, now a junior in high school in Princeton, looking forward to taking Nancy Stratemeyer to the prom in her father's car — a beautiful Bugatti. Of course, his rival Butch didn’t believe him, so it had become a matter of pride. He was crushed when Nancy came to Harper's Ice Cream Parlor where he worked after school and told him that the car was broken. Her father had to take it to New York to get it fixed and it wouldn't be ready until after the prom. Indy went to see Nancy's father, Edward Stratemeyer (who would later become the author of The Hardy Boys and Nancy Drew books). He was able to talk Mr. Stratemeyer into letting him take the car to a local garage. There, Indy was told that the generator would have to be rebuilt and the only place to get that done was in New York.[10]

Indy soda jerk

Jones as a soda jerk.

That night, Indy's father had dinner guests. One of them was a Dr. Thompson, a researcher at Edison Laboratories. He was working on a battery that would run a car. Such an invention could put the oil companies out of business. Later in the evening, Indy asked him if he could fix the Bugatti's generator. He said that he could and invited Indy to the labs in West Orange.[10]

The next day Indy and Nancy loaded their bikes onto a train and journeyed to West Orange. When they arrived at the laboratory, Indy's eyes lit up when he saw a car whipping around a test track. Thompson took the generator into one of the labs to an assistant. While Indy was talking to the test car driver, a cry came from the lab. Indy and Nancy rushed inside to find that Thompson had been kidnapped by three men in a van. They also knocked out his assistant and stole some plans. The police arrived and the officer in charge was a Detective Frank Brady. The assistant told Brady that the kidnappers were speaking German and he repeated the phrase that he heard. Brady translated it as "Quick, the baby's burping," Indy suggested that it might have been "Quick, the chicken is burping," but that made no sense either. Brady told Indy to butt out and that he wouldn’t get the generator back until after the case was solved. Thomas Edison arrived and the assistant told him that certain Naval Research files on a submarine detection system and the files on the car battery had been stolen. Edison was more concerned with the stolen files than with Thompson's well being and told Brady to contact Naval Intelligence.[10]

As Indy and Nancy walked their bikes back to the train station, Indy realized that the German phrase could also be translated to "Quick, the chicken farm." Nancy remembered seeing a chicken farm on the train ride in. They biked to it and there, they found the kidnappers' van covered in straw. There was also some oil stuck on the fender and a partial sticker with the letter groupings "IL," "CH" and "RY." In the loft of the barn they found Dr. Thompson tied up and called the police. Thompson told them that he had to co-operate or they would have killed him. He also heard the Germans mentioning the high and low tides and believed that they were being picked up in a submarine. Nancy and Indy rode back to the train station, not noticing two sinister men parked on the side of the road.[10]

That night as Indy was having supper at Nancy's, he discussed the kidnapping with her father. They figured that the van was probably stolen from wherever the Germans landed. The next day at school, Nancy told Indy that she figured that the Germans landed near the oil refineries at Bayonne and she said she would be going out to investigate. After school, Nancy left for Bayonne, but Indy was held after class. As soon as he could, he followed her, finding her in the dunes along the beach. They picked a spot to hide and wait. High tide came and went, but no German sub showed up. Instead, they spotted two men with guns who turned out to be Brady and another officer.[10]


Pursuing Dr. Thompson.

That night at supper, Indy had a stroke of inspiration. He called Nancy and told her that it wasn't Germans who were after the submarine plans, but the oil companies after the battery plans. They met and headed out to the refinery. They sneaked in and overheard some men discussing Edison's battery. They also found the plans and learned that the letter groupings from the van were part of the phrase "oIL researCH laboratoRY." As they sneaked out, the theft of the plans was discovered. They were spotted by the two sinister men from the chicken farm who gave chase. Indy handed the plans to Nancy and told her to go to the police. Indy headed off their pursuers and was able to trick them into driving their car off a pier. The police showed up and arrested the two men. Brady allowed Indy and Nancy to take the plans back to Dr. Thompson themselves.[10]

"Edison never did perfect that battery. I fulfilled my teenage dream. That day I had the hottest car in town!"
―Jones remembering his youth, 1992.[src]

The next day at Edison Labs, Indy and Nancy told Thompson about how they deduced who had stolen the plans. Nancy grew suspicious when Thompson talked about the oil refinery since Indy never mentioned the refinery. When they confronted him with this, he made a run for it, stealing the experimental car. Indy and Nancy gave chase in an old Model T. They managed to catch up with him after Indy took a short cut across an old rickety bridge, forcing him off the road just as the police arrive. When asked why he did it, Thompson said that he wanted credit for the work he did on Edison's various projects. When Edison received the plans back from Indy and Nancy, he graciously rebuilt the Bugatti's generator. They arrived at the prom in style and Indy was able to show up Butch.[10]

Mexican Revolution[]

Henry Jones Sr: "And remember, Junior. Back by Sunday!"
Indiana Jones: "Yes, Sir. Promise."
―Indy leaves for a short trip that will eventually last the rest of World War I.[src]
Indy spa

Joining the Mexican Revolution.

Soon after, school was let out for spring break, so Indy and his father took a train to New Mexico to visit the family of his aunt Grace.[55] Indy and his cousin Frank decided to hitchhike past the Mexican border "to have a little fun with the senoritas", but upon their arrival, the Mexican town was attacked by men on horseback who robbed the bank and some local merchants. Indy gave chase on horseback, but was captured. He was taken to an old Mexican fort and Julio Cárdenas, an Mexican revolutionary ordered Indy and two other prisoners to be shot when the leader of the raiders, Pancho Villa arrived and set them free. It turned out that the bandits were some of Villa's men who were acting without orders. It was among Villa's men that Indy met José González, another Mexican revolutionary and Remy Baudouin, a Belgian national. The bandit's men were being forced south due to General Pershing's advance.

Indiana Jones: "Technically, I was kidnapped."
Mutt Williams: "By Pancho Villa?"
―By 1957, Jones recalls his participation in the Mexican Revolution.[src]

A few days later, Villa was negotiating with an unsavory man by the name of Claw for some rifles and explosives. Outside, Indy was helping with the unloading of weapons from Claw's wagon. He overheard Claw use an Arabic word and asked him if he ever spent time in Egypt, but Claw ignored him.

That night, Indy talked to some of the rebels about why they joined Villa's bans. Villa himself summed it up best when he said that they were fighting for the right to peacefully raise a family and have a decent life. This persuaded Indy to join the revolution. The next day, Indy was part of a detail that was to pick up weapons at Claw's. While there he confirmed his suspicions that Claw and Demetrios was the same person.[56] During the time Indy spent with Villa's men, he learned the Quechua language from some of them.[6]

Later, in a cantina Remy was helping Indy compose a letter to his father when in walked a U.S. Army lieutenant. It was George Patton, who proceeded to get into a gunfight with Julio Cardenas, who was killed. Patton reported back to General John J. Pershing on the movements of Villa's men. This confirmed what Claw has just finished telling Pershing.

Days later the rebels headed out with a train to attack Ciudad Guerrero. The attack went according to plan until Pershing staged a counterattack which forced the rebels to retreat. That night as the rebels hid from Pershing's men, Villa decided to attack William Randolph Hearst's Mexican hacienda. This, he hoped, would put Mexican President Carranza in a bad position with U.S. President Woodrow Wilson. They took the hacienda easily as there was no one there. As Indy oversaw the looting, he began to feel that he really didn't belong with the Mexican revolution.

That evening, Indy translated for the rebels the silent movies that were being shown in the basement. A newsreel was shown depicting the carnage being wrecked across Europe during the Great War. Remy was visibly upset by this. That evening, Remy, told Indy that he was leaving for Europe in the morning. He felt that if he was to die, he'd rather die fighting for his own homeland. Indy persuaded Remy to let him join him. Remy agreed and reminded Indy that they would leave at dawn.[55]

Youngindy whip

Indy fights off Demetrios.

Indy rode out to Demetrios' ranch to steal back the Jackal headpiece. He found it in a locked cupboard, but was discovered by Demetrios. Jones picked up a bullwhip, and a fight ensued during which the house was set on fire. Indy escaped with the jackal's head but a trapped Demetrios was killed when the fire reached the ammunition and gunpowder stored in the basement. With the jackal's head safe, Indy caught up with Remy and they headed to Vera Cruz to catch passage on a ship to Europe and the Great War.[55] The two attempted to smuggle themselves aboard the ship by hiding in the rescue boats, but they were discovered, and thus had to work as deckhands to pay for the journey.[57] While crossing the Atlantic Ocean, Jones prevented a German agent from inciting a war between the USA and Mexico.[58]

World War I[]

"The truth is, when you're seventeen and ya' see a fight goin' on, ya' tend to think it'd be a good idea to join in."
―Indiana Jones speaking to Bob Traynor in 1993.[src]

Indy and his friend Remy enlist.

The Easter Rebellion[]

Remy Baudouin: "How can they hope to win?"
Sean O'Casey: "They're not looking to win. What they are looking for is a glorious defeat."
―Discussing the struggle of the Irish Volunteers.[src]

In April, Indy and Remy arrived in Queenstown on their way to London to enlist in the Belgian army. They got a ride to Dublin, where they planned on getting jobs so they could pay for the ferry. They managed to get employment in a pub, waiting on tables and washing dishes. One afternoon, Indy was out to buy food for himself and Remy when he passed a restaurant window and saw two pretty girls inside. He went in and joined them. They introduced themselves as Maggie and Nuala. They were also joined by Maggie's brother, Sean Lemass. Through their conversation, the girls got the impression that Indy was a millionaire and he did nothing to dispel that idea.

As they left the restaurant, Indy asked about some men who were marching down the street. Maggie explained that they were the Irish Volunteers, a group that wished to overthrow British rule. She said that Sean was a member. Indy and Maggie made plans to meet at the theater the next day. When Indy got back to the room where he and Remy were staying, Remy got upset that he spent their money on tea and cakes for the girls.

The next day, Indy met Maggie at the music hall. Inside, they were joined by Sean and Nuala. Indy enjoyed the show, especially a tenor who sang "When Irish Eyes are Smilin'". Afterwards, he excused himself and went off to work. While working, he hummed "Irish Eyes" to himself. He received some scorn from one of the patrons, a writer by the name of Sean O'Casey. O'Casey was disgusted with the stereotypical portrayal of the Irish that had made them the laughingstock of the world. He promised to show Indy some real theater by taking him to the Abbey the next day.

There, they saw some of the rehearsals for a new play by William Butler Yates. O'Casey explained to Indy that the play was symbolic of how Ireland was taken over by the British. Later, Indy met with Maggie and Nuala for a walk along the beach. That evening at work, he ran into Sean and O'Casey who were arguing about the fate of a free Ireland. O'Casey wanted a socialist Ireland, not one that would be run by the Catholics.

The next day, Indy and Remy met Maggie and Nuala. Remy took Nuala off so Indy could be alone with Maggie for a while. At work, Indy and O'Casey talked about theater. O'Casey loved the theater because being performed live, anything could happen. At its greatest moments, theater becomes life and life becomes theater. Sean arrived and O'Casey told him that he had quit the Irish Volunteers. Sean told Indy that he´d been invited to go swimming with Maggie.

At the pool, Sean and Indy discussed Indy's reasons for fighting in the war. Sean said that Ireland must be free, that home rule while swearing allegiance to the King of England was not enough. Sean got upset and left, taking Maggie with him. The next day, Sean and O'Casey were having an argument out on a sidewalk. O'Casey didn't want to hear anymore about the Irish Volunteers from Sean. Sean started to walk off as Indy happened by. He warned Indy not to see Maggie anymore, but Indy paid him no heed.

Indy sean

Indy befriends Sean Lamass.

The next day, Indy, Maggie and Nuala spent some time together. They were spotted by Sean who didn't say anything. At the end of the afternoon, Indy told Maggie that he wasn´t a millionaire. She got upset and told him that she never wanted to see him again. Walking home from work, Indy met up with Sean. Sean pulled him into a warehouse to fight as a crowd began to gather. Indy tried to explain to Sean that he told Maggie the truth, but got a knuckle sandwich. Indy fought back and soon the whole crowd was swinging fists at each other. In the midst of the donnybrook, Indy and Sean called a truce. The days passed until Easter Monday arrived. Indy and Remy finally had enough money for their ferry tickets and planned on leaving the next day.

While they were walking home with Nuala, they saw a demonstration at the Post Office. Members of the Irish Volunteers had taken over the building and had issued a statement calling for a free Irish Republic. They headed back to the pub where O'Casey told him the Volunteers didn't expect to gain anything. They were looking to become martyrs for their cause.

The fighting continued through the week. Word arrived that the Volunteers had surrendered. Indy, Maggie and O'Casey rushed to the Post Office and saw Sean being led away by British soldiers. Later, British soldiers were executing members of the uprising at a nearby prison. Indy took Maggie there to see Sean. They were taken to his cell. Indy told him that most of the leaders of the uprising had already been shot. Sean wishes Indy good luck in Europe.

The next day Indy and Remy were ready to board the ferry to London. O'Casey arrived to wish them luck. He told them to take a good look around. Ireland was changing and it wouldn't look the same if they ever came back.

Love's sweet song[]

"Mr. Jones, you have struck a better blow for freedom, than if you'd spent a whole year in the trenches."
Sylvia Pankhurst[src]

In May, Indy and Remy finally arrived in London to enlist in the Belgian army. Indy, fearful of being sent back to the U.S., used the false name of Henri Defense. Later that evening, Remy met a war widow who invited him out for coffee, leaving Indy alone. He decides to visit his old tutor Miss Seymour.[59]


With Vicky Prentiss.

On the bus to Paddington Station, he met Vicky Prentiss, a suffragette who was a faretaker. He was impressed when she remained unfazed after a Zeppelin attack. Indy decided that he wanted to see her again and went to a suffragette meeting. There, he was impressed with a speech given by Sylvia Pankhurst and even defended her against the jeers of some men.[59]

After the meeting, Indy and Vicky went out for tea. While talking, the two discovered that they both traveled extensively as children, and they impressed each other with their extensive knowledge of foreign languages. At the end of their evening, Indy invited Vicky to join him on his trip to Oxford and she accepted.[59]

Once at Oxford, they headed for Miss Seymour's home. There, she told Indy that his father was very worried about him and made him write a letter home. While Indy was busy writing, Miss Seymour and Vicky got into a heated discussion about the methods used by the suffragette movement. Despite this, Miss Seymour liked and admired Vicky and invited the couple along to a dinner party.[59]

"Henry was a... remarkable boy, who shows every sign of growing up to be a remarkable man."
Helen Seymour[src]

At the party, Vicky managed to get into another argument on the issue of women's suffrage, this time with Winston Churchill. Indy and Vicky spent an enjoyable few days in Oxford, biking, punting and growing closer. They then went to visit Vicky's parents who lived close by. Vicky's mother, a suffragette injured during a hunger strike in prison, told Indy more about the suffragette movement. After the two spent more time together, during which they confessed their love for each other, they headed back to London.[59]

Once back in London, Indy learned that Remy had received their call up papers. The night before he was to leave for Europe, he and Vicky went out for dinner. Vicky anticipated that Indy would ask her to marry him. She refused before he could ask, saying that if they were to get married she would have to give up her dream of becoming a writer. Indy argued that it wouldn't have to be like that, but she persisted. Angry and heartbroken, Indy left.[59]

The next day, Miss Seymour came down to the station to see Indy off. Remy arrived with the news that he got married that morning. As the train pulled out, Indy spotted Vicky in the crowd, but was unable to get to speak to her. Indy caught her eye as the train pulled out of the station and he and Remy headed off to fight in the "War to End All Wars".[59]

Trenches of Hell[]

"Your valor is beyond question. You must look into yourself to be the best soldier you can be. The second rate soldier lives with mediocrity and dies with regret, but the first rate soldier, he lives with honor. And when death comes, he dies with honor."
Major Bilideau[src]

Arriving at the Somme.

Indy and Remy attended basic training at Le Havre, where Indy also made his first attempt playing a Soprano saxophone. Indy and Remy saw their first action as they fought in the Belgian Army at Flanders. All the officers from their troop died in battle and the remaining soldiers were relocated to the Somme, where they were to join with the French Army.

The Battle of the Somme, in August 1916, was one of the deadliest battles ever fought. As a corporal, Indy was the highest ranking member of his unit. The French commander was not keen on loaning the company any of his existing lieutenants so he promoted a French sergeant, Moreau, to lieutenant and placed him in command of Indy's unit. Moreau had some suspicions about one of the soldiers, a troublemaker named Jacques. Indy told him that he suspected Jacques was the one who killed their commander.

Orders came down to recapture the Chateau La Maisonette, with the Belgian company leading the charge. The attack commenced on schedule, but the men were soon pinned down in foxholes by machine gun fire. Indy and Moreau managed to get some grenades to some men who were closest to the gunners, who used them to knock out the machine gun nests. The charge continued. The soldiers met the Germans in the first trench and hand-to-hand fighting began. The Belgians were able to force the Germans to retreat. The troops worked quickly to secure the trench. They received a communiqué that they were the only group to make it to the trench. Jacques provoked a fight with Indy which Moreau broke up.

The troops were preparing for the second stage of the offensive when the Germans attacked with gas. Indy was forced to watch helplessly as a comrade who lost his gas mask in the charge died horribly. An eerie silence descended on the battlefield. Then the Germans slowly began their advance through the haze with a terrifying new weapon - the flame thrower. The Belgians retreated back to their own trenches, the entire offensive a failure.

Indy trenches

Jones at the Battle of the Somme.

Later, orders came down granting the company a two day leave. They headed for a nearby town where the men were able to bathe, wash their uniforms and unwind. Indy and another soldier challenged a pair of British soldiers to a game of tennis, but lost. After the game, Indy and the two British lieutenants, Robert Graves and Siegfried Sassoon, had a couple of beers and discussed literature.

When the company got back to the front, they were informed that a new attack was to be mounted on the chateau. The charge began and the Belgians took the first trench easily. Indy let Jacques know that Moreau suspected him of killing their officers. They charged the second trench but found it empty. Before the charge could continue, they were pinned down again by machine gun fire. Moreau decided to use an abandoned German tunnel to try to outflank the German gunners. Moreau, Indy and Jacques sneaked into the tunnel but were attacked by a German soldier. Indy was able to sneak up on him and kill him with a bayonet.

Once through the tunnels, they found that they were behind the machine gun nests, which they took out with grenades. The rest of the troops charged and took the chateau. Later, Moreau was anxious as no reinforcements had arrived. He couldn't hold their position with only thirty men. Without warning, the Germans attacked, killing Moreau. In the confusion, Indy saw Remy wounded, but couldn't get to him. Jacques saved Indy from an attacking German and informed him that even though he didn't kill their captain, his saving Indy didn't make them friends. He was then suddenly shot dead by the Germans. As German soldiers overran the chateau, the Belgian soldiers retreated. Indy, however, was captured and taken prisoner.

Prisoner of war[]

"The only way out of here is in a coffin."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Indy was taken to a holding area for prisoners. There, he met Emile, another soldier from his unit who was carrying the uniforms of two dead French soldiers. They assumed the officers' identities with Indy becoming Lt. Pierre Blanc, as officers were treated better than enlisted men in the prisoner of war camps. Indy also moved through the other prisoners looking for Remy, but was unable to find him. While the prisoners were being transferred, the Allies started an artillery barrage. Taking advantage of the confusion, Indy and Emile tried to escape. Unfortunately they unwittingly seeked cover in a foxhole filled with German soldiers. They were recaptured and sent to a prisoner of war camp.

Upon arrival, Indy and Emile began to walk around, checking the layout. A prisoner kicked a ball too close to a fence and was almost shot by the guards as he attempted to retrieve it. Indy validated the man's story that it was an accident to a skeptical guard. The prisoner introduced himself to Indy and Emile as Captain Jean Benet and took them to a meeting of French officers who were planning an escape. The officers had run into a problem with the tunnel they were digging - they were out of tunnel supports and places to hide the dirt. Benet suggested one concentrated effort to finish the tunnel in one night. They agreed and Indy and Emile helped out. Although they first miscalculated the distance to the outside, they finally completed the tunnel.

As the men prepared to leave, the commandant came into the barracks on a surprise inspection. He almost discovered the tunnel, but Benet distracted him by provoking a fight. Benet was thrown into isolation, but the commandant did not discover the tunnel. The rest of the French officers moved through the tunnel. Indy and Emile brought up the rear but were spotted by the Germans as they left the tunnel. Emile was shot and Indy was recaptured.

The Germans, convinced Indy was Lt. Blanc — an officer who had a history of escape attempts — sentenced him to an inescapable prison known as Dusterstadt, an old castle located on a rocky island in the middle of the Danube River. It was a place for "incorrigible" prisoners. Upon arrival, Indy was introduced to the other prisoners who viewed him with suspicion, thinking he was a German spy. One prisoner, Captain Charles de Gaulle, called Indy's bluff. He caved and told them the whole story of how he assumed Lt. Blanc's identity. They then accepted him into their ranks.

The next day, Indy met Corporal Lambert, a British soldier in charge of the infirmary. Indy and de Gaulle also had a discussion about the changing art of war. As he returned to his room that night, Indy was approached by the Russian prisoners Yuri and Leonid, who wanted to know if he could throw a lasso just like a real American cowboy. They wanted his help with an escape plan of theirs. They had made a rope from all of the package string they had collected and would use it in their escape. Indy had his doubts, but agreed to go along anyway.

The following evening, Indy joined the Russians. Their plan called for Indy to lasso a spike on top of a building bordering the castle. They would then climb across and down the side of the wall to freedom. Indy managed to lasso the spike, but the Russians tried to cross the rope at the same time, causing it to break and plunging them into the river to their deaths. The next morning, the German commander reprimanded all of the prisoners. He brought out two body bags containing Yuri and Leonid to be displayed for all to see.

Indy degaulle

Jones and DeGaulle attempt to flee captivity.

Indy and de Gaulle hatched a plan to escape in the two Russians' coffins. They enlisted Lambert and his two orderlies into the plot. As per regular procedure, the orderlies would take the coffins to a graveyard on the shore to be buried. However, they would only put an inch of dirt on top of the coffins so Indy and de Gaulle could dig out easily. The German guards were superstitious so they wouldn't enter the cemetery and find out what was going on.

All went according to plan until the orderlies reached the shore. They were informed of a change in procedure; the bodies were to be cremated not buried. The orderlies had no choice but to load the coffins on the truck and head back to the island. Indy and de Gaulle escaped from the truck before it reached the crematorium and set off across the countryside.

By dawn, they made it to a small village where they stole two bicycles. They were spotted by a German patrol. They split up as two motorcycled Germans gave chase. De Gaulle was recaptured, but Indy lost his pursuer by dodging in front of a moving train.

Following the escape, Jones joined what he thought was a German road-mending group. It turned out to be a work force of British POWs who were being taken to Berlin. Caught during a roll-call, he told the camp leaders that he was actually a double agent for the Germans and was sent ahead to Berlin where he was able to contact the American Embassy.[60]

Witnessing horrors[]

"Verdun? I was there. Me, Henry Jones Junior. I was serving in France before we yanks got into it. A corporal in the Belgian army. "
―Indiana Jones, aboard a commercial airline, 1992.[src]

In September, broadened by his experiences on the front, Indy decided to stay in Europe, despite being given the opportunity to return home. He joined with the French as a courier for the High Command, French Second Army stationed near Verdun. Remy was assigned to an infantry unit. There was some dissension among the French generals. The commander of the Second Army, General Robert Nivelle and General Charles Mangin were in favor of ordering a frontal assault to reclaim Fort Douaumont, which the Germans have captured. Their superior, General Henri Philippe Pétain was against the idea. The troops were undersupplied and outnumbered. He was overruled by French Commander-in-Chief General Joseph Joffre, who was under pressure from both politicians and the public for a quick resolution to the war.

Youngindy dod

At the front.

Indy was dispatched to the front with orders for the attack to be delivered to Colonel Barc. However, due to downed communications lines, the charge didn't begin until after the French artillery fire ceased. The troops charged, but without the benefit of covering fire they were slaughtered by the Germans and their machine guns. No ground was gained and the French lost six hundred soldiers.

Indy returned to the command late at night with the news from the front. The report reached the generals who were dining in rather elegant surroundings. Nivelle was furious with the results. Meanwhile, Indy and the other couriers tried to figure out the reasons the war was being fought in the first place, but without a satisfactory answer. Indy was just disgusted with the whole affair.

The next day Indy received word that Remy had been wounded and went to visit him at a nearby hospital. Remy confided in Indy that he was afraid of going back to the front, but Indy managed to convince him that if he refused to go he'd be shot by a firing squad. Later, Indy was enroute to the front with a message when he was attacked by a German bi-plane. Indy was blown off his motorbike by a bomb and the plane left him for dead. When Indy returned to headquarters, all the couriers were asked as to who speaks German. Indy replied that he did. He was promptly assigned on a mission to spy on the Germans.

That evening, Indy crawled across no man's land and took up a position listening outside a German command bunker. There he overheard that the Germans had two Big Berthas, large howitzers, on the way. Before he could learn anymore, he was discovered and barely managed to escape. Indy gave his report to Barc who then took him to General Nivelle. Nivelle didn't believe Indy and ordered an attack readied. Petain argued with Nivelle, saying that they should try to confirm Indy's report. Nivelle ignored him.

Remy Baudouin: "I can't believe you actually did that. You could have ended up in front of a firing squad!"
Indiana Jones: "They'll never figure it out."
―Indy and Remy discuss the orders Jones decided not to deliver.[src]

The next morning, Indy saw troops heading out towards the front with Remy among them. The two friends spoke, knowing that it might have been the last time they ever saw each other. Petain ordered an aerial reconnaissance which confirmed Indy's report. He tried to persuade Nivelle to call off the attack, but Nivelle said that he was under orders from Joffre. Petain took it upon himself to send written orders to the front calling off the attack. When Joffre found out, he was furious. He called Colonel Barc at the front to reinstate the attack. Barc said that he couldn't until he had a written countermanding order. Joffre quickly wrote one out and gave it to Indy to deliver. Petain asked what military objective could be gained by attacking, and Joffre explained to Petain that there was none; it was a political objective. Joffre said that the fort they were attacking was a symbol of national pride, and the public was shaken when the Germans captured it. The politicians, therefore, were dealing with the public by ordering Joffre to retake the fort. Petain found it all repugnant.

On the way to the front, Indy, already bothered by the cranage he'd seen, reached a decision. He faked being in a motorcycle crash, destroying the attack orders.[61] No one ever found out what he did and a few hundred soldiers lived another day.

The Mata Hari affair[]

"War isn't everywhere, there is still beauty in this world."
Mata Hari[src]

On a two week leave from the front the following month, Indy and Remy arrived in Paris looking for "adventure of the softer and sweeter kind." Remy knew of the best brothel in town and was anxious to take Indy there. Indy, however, had to visit friends of his father's, Professor Jacques Levi and his wife, and promised to meet Remy the next day.

At the Levi's, Indy found that Mrs. Levi had a full week planned with plenty of things for Indy to do. Unfortunately, they all sounded frightfully dull and he made an excuse to get out of them. However, he couldn't get out of going to a reception with them that night for the Under-Secretary to the Minister of War. While there, a gorgeous woman entered the room, catching everyone's eye. He was told that she was the infamous Mata Hari, an exotic dancer. There was a debate among some of the society members present as to whether her act was scandalous or not. Indy did manage to get to be introduced to her.

Indy dod

Engaging in a relationship with Mata Hari.

Later, he followed her into a separate room where they spoke. He lied and said that he'd seen her dance. She asked him to dinner for the evening. He went to her hotel and found that there was a note waiting for him. She had been delayed and wondered if he'd wait in her room for her. As he went upstairs, he was watched by a suspicious looking man in the lobby.

The next morning, the watcher was still there when she came back to find him asleep on the couch. She woke him up and they called room service for breakfast. Things got cozier and they made love. Afterwards, she told him that he seemed to be untouched by the horrors of war and that he should go to Africa where it was safer. That afternoon, they went for a walk, unaware that they were being followed. She told him to try and forget the war while he was on leave. He told her that he loved her. They saw some artists and Mata Hari told Indy that she'd always wanted to create something that would get people to talk. Perhaps that was why she danced. Indy wanted to spend the evening with her, but she had a dinner party to go to. They made plans to meet afterwards.

Later, Indy met Remy at a café. He was there with two prostitutes. Indy apologized for being late, saying that he'd been having a hard time getting away. They figured out that he was in love. That evening, Indy went to Mata Hari's hotel room to wait for her. He found some pictures of her with other men and a beautiful engraved silver jewelry box that was a gift from a wealthy count. When she finally returned at dawn, Indy was upset and asked who she was with all night. She thought that he was being unreasonable as they had only known each other forty-eight hours. She calmed him down and they made love.

Later, she told him that she had to move out of her country house as it had become too expensive to maintain. She needed to go out and supervise the workmen putting her things in storage and asked Indy to accompany her. As they sorted through some things, Indy found some of her old costumes and admitted he never saw her dance. She changed and performed a highly erotic dance for him that ended with them in bed. Afterwards, she had to run some errands and left Indy in charge of the movers. They made plans to meet that evening.

The movers gave Indy a ride back to the hotel, but he just missed her. He found an address on her dressing table and went there to find her having dinner with another man. As they left, he followed them, unaware that he was also being followed. They went down to a rather shady area of Paris, where Mata Hari took her gentleman into an apartment building. He climbed up the side of the building to a window and peered in. When he saw them kiss, Indy lost his footing and fell into a pile of garbage below.

Indy got up and spotted his shadower and attacked him. The other man's partner came out and they placed Indy under arrest. At police headquarters, Indy was in big trouble. They questioned him about his false name and age on his enlistment papers. They thought he might be a spy. They also asked him about his time with Mata Hari. He told them that he hadn't talked about the war. He tried to ask them what it was all about, but they wouldn't say. They told him to stay away from her and that his leave was canceled. He had twenty-four hours to report back to his unit.

Indy went to Mata Hari’s hotel room, angry, and told her what happened. She was unconcerned whether they thought she was a spy or not since she had friends in high places who would help her. Indy told her that he felt like he had been used and they argued. Mata Hari told Indy that he was too young to really know what was going on in their relationship. He told her that he had to go back to the front in he morning. She softened, feeling genuinely sad and asked him to stay the night. Later, he got up, dressed and left to return to his unit before she woke up.

The Phantom Train of Doom[]

Frederick Selous: "Are you just making this up as you go along?"
Indiana Jones: "Well... yes."
―On a mission to destroy a German superweapon.[src]

Indy and Remy, sick of the war in Europe, requested and received a transfer to Africa. Upon their arrival in November, they received promotions to lieutenant. They were assigned to a unit stationed at Lake Victoria in Nairobi. However, they boarded the wrong train and ended up in Moshi. They got directions for the right train, but still managed to board another wrong train. The second train broke down and the engineer set off to bring back a repair crew. Unfortunately, this would take about a week.

Consulting a map, Indy found another line running parallel to them ten miles east. He and Remy headed out. While admiring the beautiful sunset, Remy realized that they had been heading in the wrong direction. As they tried to make their way back to the train, they found an allied camp staffed entirely by old soldiers. Indy and Remy asked to see the commanding officer who turned out to be none other than Captain Frederick Selous, whom Indy had met when he was in British East Africa at age nine. Indy explained to him the situation and Selous promised to take him to his commanders, General Jan Christian Smuts and Colonel Richard Meinertzhagen, and explain the situation.

Selous took Indy and Remy to a section of the front lines that was under heavy bombardment. Meinertzhagen figured that the Germans had a battleship cannon mounted on a railway flatcar. Before he realized what had happened, Indy found himself "volunteered" by Selous to be part of a group called the Old and the Bold that was to find the train and destroy it. The other members of the group included Birdy Soames, naval expert, Bill MacMillan, demolitions expert, Mr. Golo, an expert native tracker, Zoltan, a mechanic and Donald Parks, strategist. Selous was in command. Remy was furious when Indy told him and was convinced that they would both be shot as deserters.

The group sat out on horseback. That evening, they made camp. Selous admitted to Indy that they didn't have much of a plan, and that they would just improvise. The Germans began shelling and Selous timed the shells' flights, estimating a location for the rail line. That morning, Indy accidentally got the explosives wet. Big Mac was furious, but said everything should be all right even though he was not sure about the detonator caps.

They sat out and soon found a German camp sat up along some rail lines. Waiting until dark, they walked right into the camp, posing as drunken soldiers. They split up and Indy was sent off to steal toilet paper. He also stole a car with Bernie. They met the others outside of camp. They had procured a railway handcart. Indy and Bernie were given the handcart and the rest would take the car to the other end of the rail line. Starting at opposite ends, they would push towards the center and find the gun. Indy and Bernie caught up to the gun train early the next morning. It fired once and then started down the line. They raced after it.

Meanwhile, up the track, the others spotted the train coming and hid. Indy and Bernie tried to catch up to the train, but lost sight of it when it disappeared behind a hill. Eventually they came into sight of the others, but the train did not pass them. It had seemingly disappeared! While the others tried to decide what to do next, Indy examined the toilet paper they stole, which was actually old documents being "recycled" due to the scarcity of paper. One of the documents was an order for forty miles of telegraph cable. They found the cable buried along side of the track and followed it. It leads to a dead end at the side of a cliff face.


Joining forces with the 25th Royal Fusiliers.

Further examination of the cliff face revealed that it was artificial, hiding the entrance to a cavern. They sneaked in and found the train. Big Mac immediately began supervision of the laying of the explosives. They had to hurry when some Germans began to approach the train to prepare for another mission. They quickly set the timers and got to cover. Unfortunately, nothing happened due to faulty wiring in the timers. They had to go back and reset them. Indy managed to jump the shovelman, knocking him unconscious. Indy was to replace him in the engine's cab and try to delay the train's departure. Despite his best efforts, the train began to pull out of the cavern with the rest of the group hanging onto the side.

Big Mac and Zoltan went back and reset the timers. Indy threw the two engineers out of the cab so the others could get in. Soldiers further back on the train spotted the engineers' "departures" and tried to storm the engine. A fire fight ensued. They managed to separate the car with the soldiers from the front half of the train and made off with the gun. Indy suggested breaking through the German lines and taking the gun right back to the Allied lines.

Unfortunately, the German had telegraphed ahead. They managed to blow up a section of track and sent soldiers down to meet the train. The group stopped the train and managed to escape under the cover of steam. From a couple of hundred yards away, they witnessed the German troops arriving and disarming the explosives. Selous took out a sharpshooter's rifle, intending to shoot and detonate the dynamite. Indy was skeptical of him making the shot, however, Selous managed to do it. The train exploded and they headed back to Allied lines.

Capturing Von Lettow[]

Indiana Jones: "So why do the British want you so badly?"
Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck: "I'm a military genius."
―A captor and his captive.[src]

Remy was glad to see Indy for he was anxious about rejoining their unit. Meanwhile, General Jan Christiaan Smuts was telling the others about the chance to capture General Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, a German officer who had been a thorn in the Allies' side. Indy arrived and asked the General for a letter to his commanding officer explaining the circumstances of their tardiness. Selous convinced Indy to take an alternate route to Lake Victoria and that they would accompany him on the trip. They neglected to tell Indy that the new route would bring them close to where the reports saw von Lettow was. Since they would be passing through German territory, they disguised themselves as Boer settlers. Remy was not happy with the plan, especially since he was the one who had to wear the dress.

Margaret and Indy

Indy trying to befriend the prisoner.

On the first day out, they spotted and overtook a German courier. It was a woman by the name of Margaret Trappe. Selous knew her and her mother, who was one of the finest aviators in Africa. They took her prisoner and made camp that night. Indy took Margaret something to eat and tried to engage her in conversation. She told Indy that they'd never catch "him", but he didn't know what she was talking about. He asked Selous about it, but he feigned ignorance.

The next day they encountered a German patrol. They hid Bernie and Margaret in a secret compartment, however, their disguises didn't fool the Germans and they were taken prisoner. The wagon was searched, but Bernie and Margaret were not found. At the German camp, they were brought before von Lettow who recognized Selous. They exchanged pleasantries before von Lettow ordered them to be shot in the morning. Until then they were placed in a prison cell.

Later that night, Bernie emerged from the hidden compartment and made his way to where the group was being held. Knocking out the guard, he freed them. They sabotaged the Germans' motor pool and reconnaissance plane so they couldn't be followed. They took one car for their own escape. Selous decided that they should try to kidnap von Lettow. They sneaked into his tent and took him easily. Meanwhile, Margaret had kicked her way out of the compartment and sounded an alarm. The group split up, leaving Indy and Remy with von Lettow. They took cover in a large basket which turned out to be a balloon gondola. As the German soldiers got closer, Indy launched the balloon. It floated to where the others were waiting with the car, but Indy couldn't get it to land. With the German soldiers closing in, the others had no choice but to make their escape. Indy got the balloon high enough to make their own escape.

Indy phantom train

Jones holds von Lettow at gunpoint.

The next day, von Lettow was becoming increasingly disgusted with Indy and Remy's ineptitude. He checked his compass and told them that they were heading for German territory and that he'd be glad to accept their surrender. They took the compass to check for themselves and found that they were actually heading towards the north which was Allied territory. Just then, some pursuing German troops came into range and began to open fire, puncturing the balloon. Despite Indy's frantic attempts at patching and Remy throwing over the ballast, they lost altitude and the balloon started skimming the ground. Indy had to fight off the few soldiers daring enough to try to board the balloon. It seemed hopeless when the balloon suddenly got swept into an updraft and floated out over a cliff, stranding their pursuers.

As Indy finished patching the balloon, Margaret showed up in the repaired reconnaissance plane. Remy pulled out a heavy machine gun and managed to hit the plane, disabling it. As she came around for one last pass, Indy tried his hand at the machine gun. Unfortunately, it walked up on him and he winded up shooting the balloon to ribbons. The craft made a soft crash landing. They now had proceed on foot.

As they walked, von Lettow revealed how he had managed to run circles around the British for the last two years. He explained that a soldier had two imperatives: first was to follow orders and the second to stay alive. The next day, they encountered some tribesmen who looked threatening. They tried to run for it, but were followed. Indy gave von Lettow a gun as a gesture of trust. The tribesmen had the three surrounded, when Margaret appeared and buzzed them in the repaired reconnaissance plane. The tribesmen fled in terror. She landed and von Lettow tried to escape to the plane. Indy pulled a gun on him and Margaret pulled her gun on Indy. Remy was pointing his rifle at Margaret. They were trapped in a standoff and German soldiers could be seen coming in the distance.

Following von Lettow's logic, Indy concluded that since he had no specific orders concerning von Lettow, his first responsibility was to stay alive, and let von Lettow go. In return, he gave Indy and Remy his compass and promised to call off the soldiers. Two days later, Indy and Remy were still making their way back to Allied territory when they found Selous and the rest of the group. Selous offered them a ride, and promised to get them to Lake Victoria.

Mission in Congo[]

Man: "You boys look like you crawled through hell on your bellies."
Indiana Jones: "We didn't crawl."
―Jones' Belgian squad arrive at Franceville.[src]

Indy leads a charge into battle.

Indy and Remy finally made it to their Belgian unit near Lake Tanganyika. They were assigned to a company of native Askaris under the command of Major Boucher. During an attack, Indy saw an opening in the German defenses and rallied the men to charge, even though Major Boucher had ordered a retreat. During the charge, Indy went down, seemingly shot. After a moment he got back up and continued the charge. He single-handedly captured a machine gun nest and turned it on the Germans. A rout ensued. It turned out that the bullet that hit Indy was actually reflected off of the locket he received from Princess Sophie when he was a child. This earned the respect of the natives who now viewed Indy as one with powerful ju-ju, or magic. Boucher, however, was furious with Indy, but since his actions helped defeat the Germans in the area, he was given a promotion to captain.

Major Boucher received orders that he as to lead his company on an expedition across the Congo to get much-needed weapons and supplies from Cape Lopez, a trip of over two thousand miles. Indy was not thrilled at the prospect of the trip or of spending so much time with Boucher. However, their commanding officer, Colonel Mathieu, felt that they'd temper each one's personality.

The company sat out, but the way was hard. They traveled across desert and jungle, occasionally losing men to accident or disease. Along the way, they came across an apparently deserted village. Upon investigation, they discovered that everyone had died from small pox with the exception of one small child. Boucher ordered the child left behind in order to avoid infecting the company. Indy disagreed but was overruled. Indy's sergeant, Barthelemy, complained but Indy had his orders.

The company pressed on. Some men started to fall sick from yellow fever. Boucher ordered these men left behind with limited rations and ordered to make it back to the base. Again Indy clashed with Boucher, but backed down. When the company stopped and sat up camp for the night, Indy discovered that Barthelemy has snucked the Ubangi child along. As much as he hated to, Indy told Boucher. Again, Boucher ordered the child to be left behind.

The next morning when the company formed up, Barthelemy had the child with him. He refused to leave him behind even when ordered by Boucher. The rest of the company stood with him. Faced with such insubordination, Boucher began to rant and act irrational. Indy was forced to take command. They continued on with the child. By Christmas Eve, most of the men still alive had fallen sick. Indy began to wonder if they'd ever reach Cape Lopez.

1916 turned to 1917. Boucher fell ill, and Indy ordered a litter built over Boucher's objections. They finally reached Franceville, the beginning of the last leg of their journey. Here, they hired Sloat to take them to Cape Lopez, five hundred miles down river. Along the way, their boat was attacked by a group of deserters. Barthelemy was wounded but the boat was saved from running aground when the Ubangi child took the rudder and steered it to safety. Further down the river they passed a hospital, but Sloat said that it was run by a German.

Boucher ordered them to continue. More men died. Finally Cape Lopez came into view, but Boucher died before they could dock. His last order to Indy was to wire the boat with explosives for the return trip and blow it up if the Germans tried to capture it. The fort doctors examined the Ubangi boy and gave him a clean bill of health. Barthelemy wasn't so lucky, he died from his wounds. Indy gave the boy to the missionary nuns to raise and told them his name was Barthelemy.

Reverence for life[]

"Reverence is a state of mind, not a set of rules. All it requires is everything be done in deep awareness. Good is whatever promotes life. Evil is whatever destroys it. From there you make your own decisions."
Albert Schweitzer[src]

At Port-Gentil, Indy was told by the French commander that he couldn't spare any men to help Indy with the return journey. Indy vowed to make the return trip with the small band that was left. Remy thought Indy was crazy for trying and refused to participate. Jones pulled rank on him, and Baudouin capitulated but left his superior a punch in the face. They loaded the weapons and supplies onto Sloat's boat. Sloat was not happy with Indy rigging the ship with explosives.

They started backup the river, but the diseases that plagued them on the trip down continued to decimate the company. Soon, as all the crew was on the verge of death, the boat was boarded by a black man speaking German. A fevered Indy panicked and tried to set off the explosives, but he was knocked unconscious. He reawakened briefly to find himself being carried off the boat, but lost consciousness again.

Indy reawakened to a German doctor who gave him some medicine and told him he was not a prisoner. That night, Indy sneaked out to try to escape. The doctor came out to the boat and tried to convince Indy to come back to the hospital ward, but he refused. Later a woman came out to see Indy. She introduced herself as Mrs. Schweitzer and the doctor was her husband, Albert Schweitzer. She had brought Indy some tea and told him that he was unconscious for five days.

The next morning, Indy awoke on the boat, unmolested. Schweitzer arrived to inform him that only five of his company had survived. Touring the hospital at Lambaréné, Jones saw his surviving men, including Zimu, and Remy, who had lost two toes to jiggers. Indy apologized to his friend saying that they never should have attempted the trip back. That evening, Indy dined with the Schweitzers. They discussed the reasons for the doctor's missionary work in Africa, and Albert and Indiana played a little ragtime duet on the doctor's piano.

Oganga indy

Learning from Dr. Schweitzer.

The next day, messengers arrived from a Pahouin tribe upriver asking for "Oganga" - the term for Dr. Schweitzer as "The Giver and Taker of Life". Their chief's son was ill. Indy volunteered Sloat's boat for the house call, and took Schweitzer and Joseph up river to their village. Schweitzer was able to operate on the chief's son and save his life -- charging the boy to remember the lesson of his own pain, and work to ease the pain of others. Later, around a campfire, the Pahouin Chief asked about the war in Europe. Schweitzer had to put the idea of the devastating loss of life into terms that the chief would understand and told him that more than ten men had been killed. This caused concern with the chief. On the return trip to Lambaréné, Schweitzer explained the philosophy he had developed - "Reverence for Life" regarding keeping focus on promoting life and not ending life. Jones began to have a change of heart regarding his role in the war - rather than working to win it, he should be working to end it.

When Indy and Schweitzer arrived back at the hospital, they found French soldiers under Captain Rostand waiting to seize the doctor. They were under orders to apprehend all Germans in French territory for expulsion. Indy tried to reason with Rostand, but to no avail. Indy was also told that his mission to bring guns to Tabora was unnecessary as Tabora had already fallen. The entire trip, including the loss of life, was for nothing. As the boat with the Schweitzers slowly headed down the river towards Cape Lopez, the sick natives left the hospital, useless without its doctor, and returned to the jungle to die.

Back at Cape Lopez, Indy argued with the fort's commander, but again accomplished nothing. Indy was ordered to take the weapons back to Europe on the next available steamer. Indy and Remy went to see the Schweitzers off. Albert left Indy with some words of wisdom - "A little subversion is good for the soul”.

Attack of the Hawkmen[]

Indiana Jones: "What's so funny?"
Len: "Well, you see the longest any reconnaissance guy ever lasted with us is eight days."
―Indy is assigned to accompany the 124th Squadron.[src]
Indy aoth

Jones dressed in full flying-gear.

Indy and Remy left the war in Africa and returned to France to join the Belgium intelligence division. After all of the horrors he'd seen in the trenches, Indy wanted to do whatever he could to put a stop to the war. Indy and Remy attended courses on spy tactics and Indy came to realize that the Belgium intelligence unit was badly organized and ineffectual in comparison to the French and British intelligence services.

Indy decided that if he and Remy were going to make a difference in the war at all, they were going to need to be transferred to the French intelligence service. Indy forged papers ordering him and Remy to be transferred to the French intelligence service and Remy delivered them.

The two were called into the French secret service headquarters and were told that their service records in the Belgium army were outstanding as were the forged papers requesting their transfer. Just as the two began thinking that they were going to end up in jail, they were told that the intelligence service could use men like them. The two were asked if they could cook and Remy said that he could. They were also asked if they had any experience with airplanes. Indy said he did even though he hated flying for fear of ending up with housekeeping duty. Remy was assigned to be an intelligence contact at a cafe in Brussels and the main contact with the Belgian Underground. And Indy was ordered back to the Western Front to do photographic reconnaissance for the 124th Squadron, a group of volunteer American pilots fighting for the French army, until a new assignment came in.

Remy saw Indy off as he prepared to leave for his own assignment in Belgium. Indy arrived at the squadron base and met Raoul Lufbery who told Indy that he'd be flying with Lt. Harold Green and taking photos, not analyzing them. Indy met the members of the 124th Squadron, one of whom was Hobey Baker, who Indy used to run errands for. Indy learned that the longest any reconnaissance photographer had lasted with the squadron had been eight days.

124 pilots

Jones alongside Lafayette Escadrille.

The next day, Indy was about to take a photo of the squad when the French flying ace Charles Nungesser landed. Indy was told he's the best in the squad, but after looking at the number of bandages he had on, Indy thought he looked more like a walking accident. Later, the squad was informed that General Nivelle needed photos taken of a reported arms build up at the railroad yard in Ham which was about 40 kilometers behind the line.

Indy got his first taste of the dangers involved in flying low over enemy territory while trying to take photos. He managed to get the photos taken, but a squadron of German fighters attacked them. The plane Indy was in was hit and Green thought the wheels might have been shot off. He ordered Indy to climb out on the wing to see if the wheels were still there and Indy barely managed to hang on as Green was forced to flip the plane around to avoid German fire. In the process, however, Indy got a close up look at the wheels which were still there. Their plane was shot once again and they were forced to make an emergency landing in German territory.

Green was shot in the arm as they ran from the crashed plane and both men were captured by the Germans. Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the ace German fighter pilot who would later become known as the "Red Baron", landed and claimed the crashed plane as his trophy and Indy and Green as his prisoners since he shot them down. Green was taken to a hospital and Indy was invited to von Richthofen's castle to be his "guest" for lunch.

Back at the 124th Squadron base, the other men reported in and Hobey immediately headed back to search for Indy and Green. At the Baron's castle, Indy was told by von Richthofen's brother how the Baron lived to hunt and how they were like knights adorned with colorful scarves and the fighter planes were their steeds. Indy asked why they don't just paint their planes red. Von Richthofen asked Indy if he knew Nungesser who shot down his brother. He told Indy that he felt obliged to avenge his brother and Indy watched as he wrote a challenge for Nungesser to aerial combat.

Later, Indy was sent to a German prison and von Richthofen ordered his plane to be painted red. On the way to the prison, Indy managed to escape and commandeer a German car. Hobey spotted him from his plane and managed to pick him up. The two arrived back at the base just as a German plane flew by dropping von Richthofen's challenge to Nungesser. Nungesser was in Paris, so the rest of the squad went to bring the challenge to him. Nungesser accepted the challenge and asked Indy to accompany him to take photos of his victory. Indy reluctantly agreed and flew with Hobey as they and Nungesser headed off to the designated site the next day.

Nungesser managed to hit von Richthofen, but Indy and Hobey were not certain if the plane went down. A full German squadron suddenly attacked them and Nungesser was shot down. Indy and Hobey returned to the base and developed the film which confirmed that Nungesser shot down von Richthofen. Nungesser was brought back to the base having been rescued from No Man's Land where his plane went down. He told them that he thought von Richthofen managed to land. Back in Germany, Anthony Fokker, the leading German designer of fighter planes, showed von Richthofen the new fighter he had designed, the Fokker DR-1 Triplane, which was much more powerful than the Baron's Albatross which Nungesser shot down. Back at the base, Nungesser said goodbye to Indy as he headed back to Paris, but promised to be back in time to take Indy back to Paris himself when Indy's assignment was up. Von Richthofen saw the picture Indy took of his plane going down in the newspaper and told his brother that next time he would shoot the cameraman down first.[9]

Negotiating With Fokker[]

"Wars come and go. Humanity suffers. But knowledge and science survive."
Anthony Fokker[src]

Indy managed to survive on many reconnaissance missions over the next week, but on the last day of his assignment the squad was called in by Lufbery and told about a possible new German airfield that intelligence had learned of. They believed it to be the home-base of the recent night bombings that had been made by the Germans. Indy was ordered to fly with Hobey and get pictures of the airfield to determine exactly where it was.

The 124th Squadron flew over the enemy lines and Indy got the pictures taken, but von Richthofen and a squadron of German fighters attacked. Richthofen shot up Indy and Hobey's plane and they began to plummet towards the ground. At the last minute they managed to pull out of their fall and landed the plane back at the base. Indy prepared to leave and was told by Hobey and Raoul that Wilson had declared war on Germany and America was now in the war. Raoul told Indy that the 124th squadron would be turned over to the Americans. Indy told them that he just hoped he never had to fly again. Just then, Nungesser showed up to take Indy back to Paris.

On the way, Nungesser told Indy that he'd been given a special assignment. Nungesser dropped Indy off at the French Intelligence Headquarters. Indy reported in and was told of his next assignment: to contact Fokker and persuade him to defect to the French. He was to tell Fokker that if he accepted, another agent would arrive and make arrangements to get him out of Germany. He was told to report to room 13B for debriefing. Indy went to 13B and was given his travel papers to Hannover and his new identity to travel under. Indy was then told to go to room 13C. He did so and was given a full compliment of spy-related items hidden in his clothing such as maps hidden in his suit, materials to make a camera hidden in his right shoe and a retractable knife hidden in his left shoe. He as also given a suitcase and a vial of invisible ink and told to go on to room 13A. In 13A, Indy was told that he should try to reach Fokker at a hotel in Hannover where he would be staying on his way to a German military base. Indy was given the letter for Fokker detailing the French government's offer and was told he would leave for Hannover that night.

Indy found that the pilot who was flying him to Hannover was Charles Nungesser. Indy was upset to find out that he wouldn't actually be landing in Hannover, but instead had to parachute down. Indy landed in the middle of town and managed to hide the parachute before he could be discovered. He checked in to the hotel that Fokker was staying at, but found out that he had arrived just as Fokker was leaving. Indy was unable to deliver the letter, so he followed Fokker onto a train heading to Ahlhorn.

Fritz Diefenbaker

Posing as 'Fritz Diefenbaker'.

Fokker was traveling with German military officers Admiral Werner and General von Kramer and thus the only way Indy was able to contact Fokker was by dressing as a steward and slipping a note into Fokker's pocket. They arrived at Ahlhorn and Indy posed as Fokker's valet in order to accompany Fokker and the German's heading to the military base. Meanwhile, Nungesser was waiting in Hannover for Indy and decided that if Indy didn't show by nightfall he would have to leave.

Indy brought Fokker's bags to his room and at last got to speak with him. He gave Fokker the letter, but Werner and Von Kramer arrived for Fokker with aircraft designer Villehad Forssman and a compliment of German military officers before Indy could get a reply. Indy hid as Fokker was told by Forssman that he had designed a new aircraft fighter which would be arriving later in the day. Fokker headed out with them and Indy wrote a letter to French Intelligence which appeared to be a request for a hotel reservation, but in invisible ink contained a warning of the new secret weapon.

Indy was able to meet with Fokker again later and Fokker told Indy that he was not interested because the money the French were offering was too little and the facilities in Germany were far better. Indy tried to ask him if he cared if his work was put to the use of good or evil. Fokker told Indy that science thrived in the times of war due to the money government's put towards weapons development and in the end humanity as a whole benefited from the advances in technology. He told Indy to leave, but on the way out Indy stole Fokker's cigar box.

Indy sneaked into the barracks and stole a German uniform. He turned the cigar box into a makeshift camera with the supplies he was given by French Intelligence. Baron von Richthofen arrived at the Ahlhorn base to see Forssman's invention. Indy bluffed his way into one of the cars headed towards the airfield to see the invention. Once there Indy witnessed the arrival of Forssman's monstrosity, a gigantic triplane with ten engines that could fly from Germany to New York in order to drop bombs. Fokker claimed that if he was allowed to work on it he could make it fly twice as far. Indy took pictures of it from the top of a hanger, but von Richthofen spotted him. German soldiers rushed Indy, but a shot from a soldier's gun ignited fuel stored in the hanger. Indy escaped in the confusion and the fire ignited the hydrogen stored in the hanger for the Zeppelins. The resulting explosion took out the entire airfield including the Forssman's new aircraft. Indy stole a motorcycle and made his way back to Hannover where he arrived just in time to catch Nungesser before he left and the two headed back to Paris.

Secret service[]

"I'd seen enough madness. I wanted to help end it."
―Indiana Jones, detailing prior war experiences in 1993.[src]

In May, Indy was run off the road while on his bike by a car driven by two young men as he rode to French intelligence service headquarters to learn of his next assignment. When he arrived, he learned he was there to meet the two young men who ran him off the road. They were a bit disappointed in him as Indy did not fit their idea of a spy. Indy learned that they were the Princes Xavier and Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma and he had been assigned to escort them to meet with their brother-in-law, Emperor Karl I, in Vienna. The Emperor wished to negotiate a separate peace with France and Britain. Such a move would seriously weaken Germany and help bring the war to a rapid close.

At the rail-station, the three were given forged papers and told that once they were in Austria to await contact from an operative named Schultz. On the train, Indy was upset with the brothers' carefree attitude. He took from Sixtus a letter written by their sister Empress Zita and burned it. If they had been discovered with the letter they would have definitely been shot as spies.

Secret service indy

Jones on a secret mission.

At the Austrian border, they separated to pass through the checkpoint. Indy and Xavier made it through, but Sixtus was taken by the secret service. Xavier started to panic, but Indy calmed him and got him on the train. Sixtus rejoined them as the train began to pull away from the checkpoint. Evidently, the secret service thought he was someone else. Indy thought they might have let him go in order to shadow the trio. Just then a large woman entered the compartment and sat down, curtailing any further conversation.

"German spies don't concern me so much. All they do is shoot us. It's the Austrian secret police that worries me more."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Later, a conductor entered to punch tickets, but took Xavier's and Sixtus's. Indy followed the conductor to another compartment and questioned him. It seemed that there was some mix up with their compartment assignments. Indy went to return to the compartment, but found it empty except for one man. The man made what Indy interpreted as a threatening move and Indy attacked him. All he was reaching for was his cigars. Indy apologized, realized he was in the wrong compartment and headed off to the right one.

Outside of Vienna, the three got off the train and awaited contact from Schultz. The large woman approached them and identifies herself. She gave them new identity papers, that of Austrian soldiers on leave, and a car. She instructed them to drive to an address in Vienna and to introduce themselves as "friends of Frederick." They arrived at the address to find police carrying out bodies. An officer told them that they had just smashed a spy ring. As they began to drive away, a mysterious man got into the car and instructed them to drive. All this was watched by a menacing-looking Prussian. The man introduced himself as Mr. Max and a friend of Frederick. He took them to a café where he handed them over to two men. Indy was distrustful of the whole set up. Max left them, but was followed. The three were taken by car to a hunting lodge out in the country.

There, in the basement, they finally met Emperor Karl. Count Czernin, the foreign minister was summoned. Xavier and Sixtus told them that France and Britain wanted peace. Czernin had some misgivings regarding the demands. He felt that the Kaiser would label their actions as treasonous. They had to balance the consequences of breaking their alliance with Germany with the war continuing. Karl also didn't want to be known as the last Emperor of Austria. The Count said he would draft an acceptance letter. The letter the Count wrote was vague. Despite his misgivings about it, Karl signed it.

The next day as the trio prepared to leave, Karl slipped Indy another letter. Karl agreed to the demands and was suing for peace. Back in Vienna, they arrived at Mr. Max's apartment but found him dead. They were ambushed by the Prussian's men and escaped into the sewer after a chase across the rooftops and alleyways. They managed to get to the train, but were going to have a problem getting across the border with no new identity papers and still dressed as Austrian soldiers.

At the last stop before the Austro-Swiss border, the train was searched by the Prussian's men. The three hid in a women's bathroom to avoid detection. Indy was able to trick two of the secret service men into a trap as the train continued. He dressed Sixtus and Xavier up in their clothes and instructed them to get through the checkpoint and return the letter to France. The brothers got through the checkpoint just as the secret service men revived and sounded an alarm. Indy was trying to sneak across the boarder on top of the train and managed to make it into Swiss territory where he immediately claimed to be an Austrian deserter seeking asylum. He smiled at the Prussian man as he was taken away to safety.

Spying on Bolsheviks[]

Colonel Dupuis: "How good is your Russian?"
Indiana Jones: "It's good enough, sir."
―Jones being sent to Russia.[src]

In June, Indy was assigned to the French embassy in Petrograd. He was to help other members of French Intelligence determine when the Bolsheviks were going to make their move to a revolution. While there, he befriended several local students who were very passionate about their political beliefs.

One month later, Indy was buried deep in the Embassy's basement working at decoding and translation, though he'd much rather have been out in the field. He disagreed with his colleague Brossard's analysis that the Bolsheviks were planning to move soon. Indy felt that the Bolsheviks were still too small to be a serious threat. One day as he was decoding communique, Indy came across a message which alarmed him. He went and met two friends of his, Sergei, a deserter from the Russian army and Irena. Both of them were at a demonstration. Indy warned him not to go, but couldn't say why. Sergei agreed.

Later, the French Ambassador called a meeting of the Intelligence Staff. He felt that the provincial government was hanging on by its fingertips and that there could be an insurrection within the next two weeks. Given Lenin's threats to pull Russia out of the war if he came to power, both the ambassador and the provincial government would like any information that they could get.

Indy spent the rest of the day collecting leaflets from around the city. That evening, Indy met with Sergei and some other of his friends. One of them, Boris, told of a roundup of deserters at the Embassy and Indy didn't ask what went on at the Bolshevik meetings. Later, Indy headed back to the embassy where he spent the rest of the evening analyzing the leaflets he collected. The next day he met with his friends again. One of Irena's friends, Rosa, had a crush on Indy. She invited him to a Mozart recital that evening. However, when they got to the theater, they found that it had been canceled. Instead, they went for a walk throughout the city, ultimately winding up back at Indy's apartment, where Sergei and the others had set up a surprise birthday party for him. As they cut the cake, there was some good natured ribbing about the nature of capitalism and communism.

Afterwards, they took Indy to hear Lenin speak. At the rally, Lenin denounced the war to an enthusiastic crowd. As people left the hall after Lenin finishes, Indy overheard two men arguing about the timing of the revolution. Making excuses, Indy left the group and sneaked into Bolshevik headquarters. He snooped through the printshop and found a flyer calling for the workers to rise up, but there were no dates on it. He was almost caught by two guards, but managed to escape back to the embassy. There, he conferred with Brossard who thought that the Bolsheviks would strike when the steelworkers were ready to join them. Indy disagreed.

Indy rosa

Indy and Rosa.

Indy went home around dawn to find Rosa waiting for him. She confessed her love for him, but while he was flattered, he told her that he didn't feel the same way about her. She mentioned that Sergei would be talking to some steelworkers later the same day. Indy confronted Sergei. He knew that there were more meetings planned for the next forty-eight hours than in the last few weeks. He wanted to know if the revolution was coming. Sergei understood Indy's position, but denied that the revolution was imminent. Lenin had just left the country to rest in Finland. Sergei asked him what kind of revolution starts when its leader is out of the country. Sergei also stated that the majority of the Russian people weren't ready to embrace the revolution yet.

Later in the day, the French Ambassador called a meeting, asking for appraisals of the situation. Indy refuted Brossard's arguments by telling them that Lenin was out of the country. A report arrived to confirm what Indy had just said. The ambassador was impressed and pleased. A few hours later, Indy and Prostrate were summoned from the basement to the Ambassador's crisis room. An uprising began an hour earlier. As they arrived, reports were coming in from all over the city - bridges were blocked, Lenin was returning from Finland and Trotsky was addressing the crowds. Indy was assigned to man the phones, taking reports from field agents. He heard a report about Sergei inciting the steelworkers and grew angry that he was lied to. Other reports started to come in stating that Lenin had returned to help Trotsky calm the crowds. They were telling people that it was not yet time for the revolution. Other reports stated that the Cossacks hadsided with the provincial government and were ready to fire on any marchers. The people were listening to the Bolshevik leaders and a bloodbath was inevitable. Indy went to Sergei to warn him against marching, but was unheeded. Disgusted, he headed home where he met Rosa. He told her all about what had happened and she decided to try to talk to Sergei herself. He followed her. Along the way, they saw Cossack snipers along the rooftops. They reached the square, shouting a warning just as the snipers opened fire. Sergei was one of the first to be shot and died in a crying Irena's arms. All total, four hundred people died that day. Lenin fled the country and the revolution didn't happen until later in October.

Mission in Barcelona[]

Marcello: "May I help you?"
Indiana Jones: "Ehm. I hope so. I'm looking for an one eyed elephant... named Bruno..."
―Indy identifies himself to a fellow agent in Spain.[src]

In July, Indy was stationed in Barcelona, Spain. There he met his colleagues in a cafe. They were Marcello, an Italian, Charles, a Frenchman and Cunningham from Great Britain. The three told Indy that their ongoing assignment was to try to influence neutral Spain into the war on the side of the Allies. Their German opposites were being led by a Colonel Schmidt, who was Germany's cultural attache to Spain. They also informed Indy to get a job somewhere in the city, for cover.

As he wandered the city in search of employment, Indy saw a poster advertising the El Ballet Ruso and that an old acquaintance, Pablo Picasso, was doing the set decorations. He went to the theater and was reunited with Picasso, who first mistook Indy for Norman Rockwell. Picasso introduced Indy to Sergei Diaghilev, the head of the ballet who, after making Indy remove his pants so he could see Indy's legs, offered Indy a job. Unfortunately, it was as a dancer in the ballet, playing a eunuch in a production of Scherazade.

Indy returned to their headquarters, located under a barber shop, and told the other three of his attempts at finding a job. They told him that he should keep the position at the ballet. Schmidt had fallen in love with the chief ballerina. They were convinced that there was no better cover for him. The next day, Indy met the chief ballerina, Nadia. Schmidt also arrived to court Nadia, but winded up exchanging cross words with Picasso before she could separate the two.

That evening, Indy and Cunningham were at the harbor observing boat movements. Cunningham stressed to Indy the importance of keeping track of the movements of German submarines, even though it seemed to Indy that he was turned it into a hobby similar to train spotting. Cunningham also congratulated Indy on his work so far, but was disappointed that Schmidt wasn't in love with a duchess or other royalty. That would really cause a scandal. Indy suggested that they create the illusion that Schmidt was having an affair with a Contessa. In other words, they set him up.

The next day during practice, Indy sneaked into Nadia's dressing room to steal one of Schmidt's love letters. He was almost caught by Nadia's costumer, but she was nearly deaf and didn't hear him. Nadia did catch him in her dressing room, but he managed to sweet talk his way out of trouble and landed a date for lunch as well. He also managed to steal one of Schmidt's letters right out from under Nadia's nose.

Back at headquarters, Marcello forged a copy of the letter, but addressed it to the Contessa of Toledo. The plan called for them to make the Count think that Schmidt was infatuated with the Contessa, starting the scandal they need. The next day Indy picked up Nadia for lunch. She spotted him sneaking the letter back to where he got it, but didn't say anything until they had eaten. Indy said he read the letter because he was jealous of the count. Nadia appeared to be touched and changed the subject.

Indy ee

Dressed as a eunuch.

Later, Marcello impersonated Schmidt and stoppeds the Contessa for directions. Appearing grateful, he kissed her hand, which did not go unnoticed by the Count's chauffeur. Later, the chauffeur went to pick up the Count, but was stopped by a diversion set by Charles and Cunningham. Indy sneaked into the car to plant the forged letter, but winded up getting trapped inside. He was able to escape without being discovered. The Count discovered the letter and was infuriated. That evening before the ballet's performance, Nadia discovered that her letter was traced. She wrote a note to Schmidt warning him and gave it to the old costume lady to deliver. Indy went to see Nadia, but she brushed him off. He discovered that she knew about the plan and had sent a message to Schmidt. He couldn't get to the other three to tell them as he was rushed onto stage as the ballet began. Meanwhile, Marcello, Charles and Cunningham sat in one of the private balconies. They sent a note to Schmidt, allegedly from the Contessa, whose acknowledgment was noticed by an irate Count.

On stage, Nadia noticed that the old costume lady was heading in the wrong direction. She tried to signal her, but to no avail. On stage, Indy tried to signal the other three to intercept the old woman and the note. Meanwhile, the trio had sent Schmidt another note, whose response further infuriated the Count. Indy succeeded in signaling the trio in Morse code by flashing a spotlight off of a jewel on his costume's codpiece. Being the Ballet Ruso however, Indy's pelvic gyrations were interpreted as part of the show and he was given a standing ovation.

The trio were unsuccessful at stopping the old woman, but she delivered the note to the wrong box anyway. After the ballet, an enraged Count challenged Schmidt to a duel. Nadia tried to warn Schmidt but was stopped by Indy who tied her up and put her in a closet. Indy then told the other three what happened and they were ecstatic. An hour or so later, Indy had changed and let Nadia out of the closet. She told him that Schmidt was an American double agent and that she was his contact. Indy took her to headquarters where they got confirmation of her story. By the time the verification arrived however, it was almost time for the duel. Marcello, Charles and Cunningham immediately hatched a number of ludicrous plans to stop the duel, but Nadia suggested telling the truth. In order to do that, they had to go to the theater to get the letter that Marcello forged. Upon searching Nadia's dressing room for it to no avail, they raced down to the basement and retrieved it before it is burned with the trash.

They raced to the bullfight arena and stopped the duel just as the bullets were about to fly. After some quick explanations, the duel was called off. This put the four spies back to where they started.

Unfortunate events in Prague[]

Blind man: "You'll be traveling in ladies underwear."
Indiana Jones: "What? No I won't, I'm not gonna travel in—"
Blind man: "As a salesman of ladies underwear."
―Indiana Jones meeting his blind contact.[src]

In August, Indy met with his espionage counterparts and was told that due to his outstanding performance in the field he had been reassigned by French Intelligence to work for Colonel Clouseau. Indy headed to Amsterdam to meet his contact and find out the details of his mission. His contact, disguised as a blind man, told him he had to go to Prague in the heart of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, set up residence in an apartment and wait for a phone call from a double agent which would come in three days. He was told that the phone call is of momentous importance in helping to end the war.

Indy traveled to Prague disguised as a ladies underwear salesman named Amadeus Shooblegrueber. Upon arriving in Prague, Indy met Clouseau, who was disguised as a street merchant, and got the key to the apartment he was to receive the phone call in. Indy immediately fell asleep in the apartment and awoke the next morning to discover that the apartment's phone was removed by the authorities. Indy was told to go to the Ministry of Telephones in order to get a phone installed.

After getting sent back and forth between the different departments in the Ministry of Telephones, Indy was told that his phone needed to be reported as stolen and was given a form which needed four stamps from four different places in order to get a new phone put in the apartment. The form, after getting the first stamp on it, accidentally blew out an open window and Indy risked his life chasing after it.

Indy interrogated

Interrogated by the Czech Police.

Finally retrieving the form, Indy headed to the police department to get the first of the four stamps he needed. After arriving at the police station Indy was given a ridiculously long form which he had to fill out twice in two different languages. Indy was then brought into an interrogation room and began to worry that the police must have somehow found out that he was a spy. The police interrogated Indy and tried to get him to "confess," however, Indy had no idea what he was supposed to be confessing to. Indy swore he was just trying to report a missing telephone. Indy ended up in court, was found guilty and was locked in jail.

The next morning, Indy told the guard that he'd been imprisoned due to an error and was given a form to fill out. After filling out the form, Indy was released along with his original form and the stamp he needed on it. Indy then went to the Ministry of Insurance to get the next stamp he needed only to find out that he first needed to fill out form "27A." Indy went to four different offices trying to find it only to learn from Franz Kafka that form 27A was superseded by form 27B. Indy exploded at Kafka telling him all of the trouble he'd been through and demanded to get his phone only to find out that he was in the wrong office. Kafka decided to help Indy track down the form.

They located the filing cabinet that had the form in it, but learned that the cabinet was locked and the key had been lost. Indy and Kafka tried bringing the heavy cabinet to the basement so the janitor could unlock it and ended up riding the cabinet down the winding stair case, destroying half of the building in the process. The cabinet smashed, Indy got form 27B and his original form got the third stamp.

Indy returned to the Ministry of Telephones, got the final stamp and was told that the phone would be installed the following morning. The phone was installed, however, the workers informed him that someone from the connections department would be along in a few weeks to connect it. Indy finally managed to get the phone hooked up by dangling outside of his third story window with seconds to spare only to receive the call from the doubleagent who told him that he had to go to Berlin and arrange to have a phone installed.

The charge at Bersheeba[]

Indiana Jones: "What's it like, the desert?"
T.E. Lawrence: "It's like nowhere else on this Earth. It's the most terrible place there is. And the most wonderful."
―Jones reunited with Lawrence.[src]
Reunites lawrence

Indiana reunites with T.E. Lawrence.

By October 1917, Indy was again in Africa, working for French intelligence in Cairo, disguised as a beggar. During that time the British forces had attacked the Turks in Gaza twice and failed. The General wanted to be in Jerusalem by Christmas by taking Beersheba. Indy's old friend, T.E. Lawrence pointed out that that would mean crossing the desert and there was not a drop of water between them and Beersheba. Colonel Richard Meinertzhagen said that they could make it if the men traveled light and made a lightning dash across the desert. The whole operation, however, would depend on the wells in Beersheba being full of water. They also would need to begin a major espionage campaign to make the Turks believe that they intended to continue their main attack on Gaza and put a trusted agent in Beersheba who spoke both Arabic and Turkish to keep a watch over the wells. Lawrence said he knew the man they wanted. Indy's commander told him he'd been reassigned to the British and was to report to Meinertzhagen. Indy told his commander that Meinertzhagen was the lunatic who almost got him killed in Africa when he was assigned to the 25th Royal Fusiliers to blow up a German train.

Indy reported to Meinertzhagen and was taken bird watching with the Colonel and John "Jack" Anders who was part of the Australian Light Horse Brigade. The Turks attacked them and Meinertzhagen was shot in the shoulder. The three managed to escape, however, the bag they were carrying with their orders was dropped and taken by the Turks. When the three returned to the base camp, Indy learned that Meinertzhagen faked getting shot with the use of calf's blood and meant to have the Turks steal the bag which contained fake plans of an attack on Gaza. T.E. Lawrence arrived and Indy learned that he was the one who got Indy involved in this operation.

Lawrence and Meinertzhagen explained to Indy how the 50,000 British troops that would march across the desert over a period of two days to attack Beersheba would only be carrying one canteen of water each and thus if they couldn't take Beersheba the same day they arrived with the wells intact and full of water they would be stranded in the middle of the desert and die. Indy's mission was to do everything he could to protect the wells. Indy and Ned talked over dinner and Indy told him how he and his father didn't talk much anymore. Jack arrived and introduced Indy to the rest of his troop.

Later, Indy asked Jack why the Australians were not fighting in the war. Jack told him that the British kept them in reserves most of the time because they didn't trust them. Jack told them how they were an infantry division that rode in quickly on their horses and then proceeded on foot.

Indy and Dex, one of the Australians, had a friendly horse race on the beach and Indy lost. The next day Ned and Meinertzhagen woke Indy and told him that he was to travel to Beersheba disguised as a merchant and contact another agent named Kazim. He was given boots with a hidden knife in the right one and told he'd be traveling with another agent named Maya who would be traveling in the guise of a belly dancer. Indy practiced throwing his knife before he headed out, but didn't have any luck hitting the target. He said his goodbyes to Jack and the other Australians and left with Ned and Meinertzhagen.

They met up with Maya and Indy said goodbye to Ned. Maya asked Indy if they were heading to Gaza or Beersheba, but Indy told her that she was on a "need to know" basis and she'd be briefed when the time came. They camped for the night and Indy again practiced with his knife, but he still hadn't improved.

The next day Jack told the rest of his troop that they'd just gotten orders to move out, but they hadn't yet been told where they were headed. Indy arrived in Beersheba and bribed his way past the troops. He met up with Kazim and learned about the wells being wired with explosives. Kazim told him that so far Colonel Ismet Bey, head of the Turkish garrison, had been denied reinforcements from Gaza. The wells, however, were rigged because Bey thought the British did intend to come to Beersheba.

Indy sent a courier pigeon back to the base with a note about the wells. Kazim pointed out Bey and Captain Schiller, head of German intelligence, to Indy who were eating in his cantina. Maya performed a belly dance and gave Bey one of her veils. After leaving the cantina, Bey removed the note from Maya hidden in the veil and learned that she still didn't know where the British planned on attacking. Kazim told Indy that tomorrow they would have to cut the wires to the wells individually.

Indy met with Maya and asked her to dance for Colonel Bey again tomorrow at exactly 1300 hours. Maya asked if this meant that the attack would be on Beersheba, but Indy didn't confirm it. Indy and Maya spent the night together which caused Indy to arrive late for his meeting with Kazim. Kazim was caught digging up a wire at one of the wells as the British arrived at Beersheba. Bey tried contacting General von Christenstein to send troops from Gaza, but Schiller believed the British troops were a diversion for the real attack on Gaza and stopped him from making the call.

Indy maya

Jones realizes that Maya is a double agent.

Australian Commander Harry George Chauver ordered the British troops to advance and the Australian Light Horse Brigade to be kept in reserve. The attack began and Indy wrote a message to the British informing them that the plan had failed and Kazim had been arrested. He told Maya that the real attack was at Beersheba and she shot the pigeon carrying the message so the British wouldn't have any warning that reinforcements would be arriving from Gaza. She brought Indy to Bey and informed them about the British attack. Schiller had Kazim brought in and told Bey that he was beaten into admitting that the attack on Beersheba was a diversion and that they knew Maya was a double agent who they used to feed the false information to. Indy tried to stop Kazim from telling them that the real attack was on Gaza, but was unsuccessful. Indy broke free and stabbed Kazim in the chest with his knife.

Indy was locked up and Kazim's body was removed. Schiller told Bey that there would be no reinforcements. Chauver ordered the Australian Light Horse Brigade to charge Beersheba instead of the British Cavalry in order to surprise the Turks. Kazim, far from dead, managed to slip away and managed to free Indy. They began cutting the wires to the explosives as the Australians advanced fast enough to ride in under the Turkish guns. Bey examined the knife Indy used to "kill" Kazim and found out that it was a trick knife. Indy and Kazim managed to cut the wires around all of the wells except for one. Bey ordered the wells to be blown up and the final well that Indy and Kazim were working on explodes. Indy told Kazim that they needed to stop them from rewiring the other six wells.

Dex was shot dead as the Australians kept advancing. The Australians reached the garrison and began fighting the Turks. Indy and Kazim went to the tower where the main switch board controlling the explosives was. Bey fled the garrison as Schiller held off Indy and Kazim with a machine gun. Jack arrived on his horse and knocked the gun from Schiller's hands. Schiller ran into the tower and ordered the explosives to be blown. Indy arrived just in time to shoot the Turk before he pulled the switch. Schiller jumped Indy and the two fought. Indy managed to shoot Schiller seconds before he could blow the explosives. The Light Horse Brigade managed to take the garrison. Indy told Jack that it looked like they would be able to be in Jerusalem by Christmas to which Jack replied that he couldn't think of a better place he'd rather be at that time. The troops were finally able to relax and take a well deserved drink.

Romantic interlude[]

"My darling, in this big crazy world for two people like us, there's so little time..."
―Indiana Jones courting Giulietta.[src]

In November 1917, Indy was stationed in the mountains of Northern Italy, sneaking behind the German lines trying to persuade Czech conscripts in the Austrian army to desert. To this end, he had been meeting with some soldiers in an abandoned tunnel, making plans for their defection. While he was in town, he courted Giulietta, an Italian girl.

After one of his missions, he met with another spy who gave him documents to take back across the lines. After he got back across no man's land to the Italian side, he washed up and headed out to see his girlfriend. On the way there, he hitched a ride with two American ambulance drivers. One of them, Joe, noticed Indy's Belgian uniform and made fun of him. Indy pretended not to understand and replied with insults in French. When they arrived at the village, Indy thanked them for the ride in English, embarrassing the loudmouth and giving the other one a good laugh.

When Indy went to Giulietta's house outside of town, he presented her with a single red rose. As she went to put it in water, her grandmother pointed out that another suitor brought her a whole bouquet of roses. She told him that he'd have to do better. Later, Indy was drowning his sorrows at a bar, when in walked the other ambulance driver. He introduced himself as Ernest Hemingway. Indy told Ernie his problems and that he was afraid that the other guy was winning. Ernie told him that love was like war and that he should fight for his girl. The two got drunk and Ernie promised to help him.

A few days later, Indy was back across the German lines to meet his group of potential deserters. When he got to the meeting place, he found it empty. One of them arrived and said that the others were held up in the reserve lines and wouldn't be back until the next day. They'd cross over to the Italian side then.

Back on the Italian side, Indy changed and went to see Giulietta, armed with a dozen roses and three bars of soap as a present. The other man had bought a couple of bouquets of flowers as well as a box of chocolates. Indy suggested that they went for a walk, but they wound up being chaperoned by her grandmother. Indy wanted to be alone with Giulietta, so he ran, dragging her along. They lost her grandmother in the bustle of the village square.

Indy toi

Romancing Giulietta.

Up on a hillside outside of town, Indy impressed her with the danger that he faced. They kissed, but unfortunately her grandmother finally catched up with them. The next day across the German lines, Indy was told that the Germans were planning an offensive in seventy-two hours. He then lead the defectors across no man's land. The Germans opened fire on their own, but the Italians fired back and the defectors made it across.

That night at Giulietta's, she played piano while her father played the cello. Umberto, her brother, told Indy that the other suitor played cello as well. Indy told her mother that he played the flute, an instrument she found romantic. She invited him for supper the next evening, the occasion being Giulietta's birthday.

Later, he tried to borrow a flute from a musician. Unfortunately, modern flutes were different from the ancient ones Indy knew how to play. He had to settle for a soprano sax. Ernie told him that he couldn't fail. The evening of Giulietta's birthday, Indy showed up armed with flowers, gifts and the sax. Her father was upset and rushed into the kitchen to confront her mother. He had invited the other suitor for dinner. When Giulietta heard the news she burst into tears. While the family fought in the kitchen, the doorbell rang. Indy answered it and found Ernie. It slowly dawned on them both that he was the other suitor. Before they could come to blows, the family arrived to announce that dinner was ready.

During dinner, Indy and Ernie tried to out do each other, both of them heaping compliments on the food. After the meal, Ernie excused himself. Before Indy could say a word though, the sounds of the cello drifted into the room. Giulietta went into the living room and began to accompany Ernie on the piano. Indy grabbed his sax and the three broke into a spirited version of The William Tell Overture. As Indy and Ernie left, they got into an argument on the front lawn, vowing war.

A few nights later, Ernie showed up to serenade Giulietta on the concertina. Indy arrived a few moments later with a small band of troubadours. Things began to escalate between the two. Ernie intercepted a shipment of flowers from Indy. Indy put itching powder in Ernie's shorts. Eventually, the two decided that they were getting no place with their fighting. They went to see Giulietta to have her choose between them. When they got there, they found her being fitted for a wedding dress. She was marrying an old friend - Alfredo.

On the way back to the barracks, they argued, oblivious to the German planes bombing the road around them. Ernie catched some shrapnel in the leg. As Indy ran to help him, he got caught in a blast and knocked unconscious. Ernie somehow managed to pull Indy to cover. As they recovered in the Army hospital, Ernie got the medal he'd always wanted. Indy got word that he was being shipped to Rome. They agreed to look each other up after the war. They also agreed never to chase the same girl again, just as a pretty nurse came into the ward.

After being wounded in action, Indy was transferred to North Africa where he joined the French Foreign Legion, in Morocco. While trying to uncover the identity of a traitor in his own ranks, Indy battled hostile Berber tribesmen, and engaged in an innocent flirtation with author Edith Wharton.

Undercover in Istanbul[]

Indiana Jones: "Sir, I'm sure that there is room for negotiation. If, if you were to make a separate peace, it would at least save lives."
Mustafa Kemal: "These people are not interested in that, they're like vultures. Feeding on the dying carcass of the Ottoman Empire. The Empire is dying, but this nation is not. It will not die as long as I live."
―Jones negotiating with Mustafa Kemal while posing as a Swedish journalist.[src]

By September 1918, Indy was in Turkey and had passed through Ankara, where he had lost a bet with his partner, Stefan. He then was stationed in Istanbul where he was in charge of a small group of spies who were using the Balkan News Agency as a cover. His own cover was that of a Swedish journalist named Nils Anderson. Indy was to meet with the Turkish general Mustafa Kemal and see if he would be interested in a separate peace with France. He also had a side bet going with Stefan as to whether he would accomplish this.

Indy molly

Indy visiting Molly's school under the alias of 'Nils Anderson'.

While there, Indy fell in love with Molly Walder — an American schoolteacher working at an orphanage school run by Halide Edib — but kept his identity as a spy from her. One day, Indy was speaking at the orphanage and learned that Edib knew Kemal. He asked her to see about the possibility of an interview with him for an article on Turkish nationals. He also made plans with Molly for a special dinner that night at Pera Palace. At dinner, Jones asked her, as Nils, to marry him and she accepted his proposal. As he didn't have a ring, he gave her a bracelet instead.

Later that night, Indy met a colleague in an alleyway. He was told that "The Red Document" would arrive on Tuesday. Indy said that didn't give them much time for what they had planned, but they had no choice. The next day, he found out that Kemal had agreed to the interview. During the interview, he asked Kemal about Turkey's alliance with Germany. Kemal was not happy with it, stating that Germany's aims were different from Turkey's. He didn't care what the Germans wanted, he just wanted to maintain the integrity of Turkey. Indy asked him if he would be interested in a separate peace with France. Kemal got a little suspicious and asked Indy if he had the authority to make such an offer. Indy hinted that he did. Aware that his staff could overhear their conversation in the next room, Kemal told him that he was in no position to consider such an offer but secretly made plans to meet with Indy again.

Back at the news bureau, Indy received a message that their courier was to be met within half an hour. With Stefan warning him to be careful, Jones rushed to meet him. While waiting at the drop-off sight, he saw the courier struck by a truck while crossing the street. Indy rushed to the dying man's side but the documents that he was carrying in a briefcase were stolen amid the commotion. Indy called a meeting of the entire station and informed them that the documents contained the French terms for a separate peace. The Turkish Army had become more disillusioned with the Sultan and would be willing to follow Kemal. But if people loyal to the Sultan got ahold of the documents, Kemal could be considered a traitor. They concluded that the only one who could have known of the documents arrival was Vescari, a black marketeer.

The next day, there was a diplomatic reception at the palace and Indy was invited as member of the Swedish press. Sultan Mehmed VI greeted him, stating that it was good to see impartial observers working there considering the amount of propaganda against the Turks and Germans. Later, a contact met Indy and confirmed that Vescari did have the documents, but would not sell. Aware the Germans knew of Monty's "special consignment", a small group of four, including Indy and Stefan, went to Vescari's apartment, but found him drowned in the bathtub. Indy heard a noise in the main room and was attacked by a man with a knife, who cut him in the arm. They chased the man to the city rooftops. When Indy and Stefan finally cornered the man, who was carrying the documents, he told them that Vescari was tipped off by an insider from Indy's group. He then tried to flee again, but Stefan hit him and he fell to the street below, dead.

Indy called another meeting at the station where he reviewed the documents. They were not what he expected. If they had fallen into the wrong hands, Kemal would have definitely been branded a traitor. Indy didn't trust anyone in the group and said he was having background checks run on everyone. He then hid the letter. Going to bed that night, Indy developed a fever from his knife wound and while he slept, his apartment was broken into and searched. Not finding what he was looking for, the intruder left. The next morning, Molly visited Indy. She ordered him to bed and dressed the wound properly. She came back in the evening and made him dinner. He told her he was stabbed while gathering research for an article on the black market. They also discussed their wedding. She decided that she wanted to spend the night. The next morning, he walked her back to the orphanage. It was raining and he gave her his overcoat. Along the way, they saw a fortune teller and she asked if their love would last forever. The fortune teller said yes, but after they left, she saw something else in the runes that distressed her.

Later, Indy was walking to the office, when he felt that he was being followed. He turned, and a man gave him a slip of paper which told him to be at a certain place at six o'clock. It was the rendezvous for his meeting with Kemal. He retrieved the documents from their hiding spot and told Stefan where he was going. Stefan was against his going, but Indy was insistent. He told Stefan that if anything happened, he'd be in charge as Stefan was the only one Indy trusted. At the rendezvous spot, Indy was met by two Turkish soldiers who took him to see Kemal. Indy gave him the document. Kemal read it and was furious. It was not what he wanted or expected. Indy suggested negotiating with the French, but Kemal refused. He would achieve his dream of a free Turkey on his own terms. Indy left.

On his way home, Indy was stopped by one of his fellow spies, Sadallah. He told him that he had just received word from headquarters as to who the double agent could have been. Before he could tell Indy, however, he was shot by a man in an alleyway. The police began to arrive and Indy had no choice but to get away. He called a meeting with the rest of the station. He had decided to shut down operations for a while and everyone was to lay low. Molly came to him at the news agency, very upset. Her employer had received a letter calling Indy a spy for the French and wanted to know if it was true. Jones admitted the truth and claimed that he had to lie in order to protect her, insisting that his love for her was real. Hurt and betrayed, Molly left telling him that she never wanted to see him again.

Later, at the orphanage, Molly spent some time thinking. She then put on Indy's overcoat and left. Meanwhile, Indy was still at the office, when gunshots ripped through the door. They missed him and he ran into the street, headed towards his apartment. He knew he was being followed. At the apartment, he burned the documents and built a dummy for the pursuer to shoot at. As he hid by the door, he heard the other man slowly start to enter and take aim at the dummy. Just then, the door downstairs opened and a figure wearing an overcoat walked in. Thinking it was Indy, the other man turned and shot, hitting Molly, who had come to see Indy. Indy charged out onto the landing and saw that it was Stefan who was trying to kill him. Indy shot him dead. He ran to Molly's side, but she was dying. She told him that she still loved him and still wanted to get married. She then died in his arms.

Horror in Transylvania[]

Dr. Franz Heinzer: "Impalement! It hasn't been used since..."
Nicholas Hunyadi: "Vlad."
―Indy's team arrive at Targo's castle.[src]

In October 1918, after an Austrian POW camp was attacked, Indy and a team under the command of Colonel Waters, was sent to Romania to find Mattias Targo, a separatist general believed to be responsible. Jones's group discovered a castle and located the missing soldiers along with several others of various nationalities. While trying to leave, they met the master of the castle, experiencing a fateful brush with the supernatural: Targo was revealed to be a vampire that had amassed a personal army of undead soldiers. Indy succeeded in killing the vampire — thought by some to be Vlad the Impaler — freeing the soldiers from Targo's influence, allowing them to finally rest in peace.


The zeppelin is destroyed.

During the war, Jones was also tasked with a mission to stop and intercept German agents collecting weapons technology from around the globe to reinforce the German war machine. He disrupted meetings in Bombay, Egypt, London, and Tibet, before he was sent aboard an armed dirigible in Germany and destroyed what was intended to be the first of many, which crippled its production.[62]

Quest for the Peacock's Eye[]

"I'm goin' home."
―Indiana Jones, after discussing his future with Bronislaw Malinowski.[src]

By November, Indy and Remy had been re-assigned to the trenches with orders to arrest a Corporal named Bajendra Sing, who was believed to be exchanging munitions data with the Germans. As they pursued him into No Man's Land — observing him being fatally shot by the very German soldier he had come to exchange intel with — Jones and Badouin approached Sing to find him desperately clutching onto a map written in ancient Greek. As Sing lay dying, he told them that they had to stop the German soldier, repeating the words "The Eye of the Peacock" over and over. Just then, a cease fire whistle was blown. After four long years, the Great War had finally ended, as Germany surrendered to the Allies.


Returning from the War.

Indy and Remy subsequently resigned from the Belgian Army, and returned to England where Remy was reunited with his wife Suzette and step children. When Miss Seymour failed to show up at the train station to meet him, Indy visited her place of residence to discover that she had died from a fever only the week before. Reading a letter she had left him, Miss Seymour expressed her wish for him to make peace with his father and commit to something meaningful in his life.

When Indy had stayed with Remy and his wife for a while, he was informed by Remy that he had the map translated. They came to discover that it may lead to an ancient diamond, originally belonging to a statue in the shape of a peacock — once the property of Alexander the Great. When some wine was accidentally spilled on top of it, Indy noticed there were secret inscriptions on the map that could now be seen. This provided them with the starting point they had been looking for: Alexandria.

They discovered that archaeologist Howard Carter (who Indy met in Egypt in 1908) was staying at the hotel they had checked into. Indy and Remy found another clue at a museum in a stone tombstone dating back to Alexander the Great's time. They met a German man with an eye-patch at the museum who was drawing the tombstone. Back at the hotel they met up with Carter and novelist E. M. Forster. While Indy worked on translating the inscription from the tomb, he discovered that a key was needed to be placed on the map in order to find out the exact location of the temple they were searching for.

Indy and Remy were attacked in their room by the German man with the eye-patch (who turned out to be the soldier who murdered Sing in an earlier attempt to get the map) and a group of thugs. They beat off the men, but the map was stolen. In searching the German man's room they found that he had just left on a steamship, having themselves missed the boat by half an hour.

They headed after the German by train and arrived in Port Said where they boarded the ship that the German was on. Peaking through the German's window, they watched as he placed the key on the map to get the location and then burnt the map. Failing to see where the key pointed to, they decided to follow him to the temple and disembark the boat at Java.

They checked into the hotel where the German was staying and met a woman named Lily who was sitting at the table with the German and a group of people. She told them a little about the various people: Ku Wong, Jambi, a tobacco trader, and Jongrann, a diamond trader. After she left they overheard the three men call the German Zyke, and that they had financed his expedition. They needed to bring the diamond to a "fat man" in Singapore who would pay triple the black market price within a week or he would be gone.

Mo 32

Swinging on a vine.

They followed Zyke on horseback to the temple and managed to find a locked box believed to contain the diamond before he could. Zyke found them and took the box, however, Indy managed to steal the key from him which was needed to open the box. Indy and Remy returned to Zyke's room in the hotel where they found him dead. They found a ticket for a boat going to Singapore and found that Ku Wong, Jambi and Jongrann were also aboard.

Indy met up with Lily again who was aboard, but had no money. He let her stay in his cabin as he sat off to search for the box with the diamond in the cabins of the other three men. Remy tried to distract the men with a game of cards while Indy searched, however Jongrann returned to his cabin before Indy could search the room. Indy and Remy both sneaked into his room while he slept, but Jongrann woke up and pulled a gun on them. Before he could shoot, however, pirates boarded the ship and started attacking everyone. Indy briefly engaged in a ferocious duel of lightning-fast kicks using Northern Style Kung-Fu against a pirate using the the same style of martial arts, and barely emerged victorious. The female pirate captain, who turned out to be Jin Ming, the singer from the ship's nightclub, demanded everyone's possessions and Indy and Remy were surprised to find that Lily had the box. She told Indy that she was the one who shot Zyke; he was supposed to be her partner, but planned on having her killed.

The pirates also took the key from Indy. The pirates left and Indy, Remy and Lily followed them in a lifeboat. The three sneaked aboard the pirate ship and managed to retrieve the box. The pirates attacked and Lily was shot dead as she tried to escape with the box by herself. A fire broke out on the ship and as the pirates fleed on a lifeboat with the box, Indy and Remy followed on another lifeboat in pursuit. Both lifeboats ran ashore on an island and everyone was attacked by headhunters. Remy managed to retrieve the box in the brief battle and he and Indy sat out to sea again.

Eventually, they landed on another island and were captured by a group of natives who took them back to their village. Indy and Remy managed to prove that they meant no harm and the natives provided them with food and shelter. The next morning Indy befriended a small native boy named Biok, but later that day Indy and Remy were tied up during an initiation ceremony for the younger male tribe members.

A tribe from a neighboring island arrived on boat and a ceremonial battle was played out. During the battle, Indy managed to free himself, but he ran to the aid of Biok when he saw him get hit by a spear. The boy died and was carried back to the village by members of both tribes.

The next day, Indy and Remy departed with the neighboring tribes and were taken to their village, where they met anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski. He told them that the tribes did not want to fight, but did so because the "ghosts" wanted them to battle. Indy and Remy learned that a freighter came by occasionally and that they would be able to get back to London.

Back at Malinowski's house, Indy and Remy managed to pry open the box. Instead of finding a diamond inside, however, they found a stone and Remy exploded in rage. Over dinner, Malinowski told them how he was documenting the culture of this tribe so that it wouldn't be lost when it eventually changed. Remy returned to his room and Indy told Malinowski how they had been treasure hunting. Indy said how he'd like to eventually return to the states and attend the University of Chicago to study archaeology.

Indy remy peacockseye

Indy and Remy in the South Seas.

The next morning Indy showed Malinowski the stone which had an inscription on it. Together they worked on translating it, and discovered what might have been a clue as to the diamonds whereabouts. Indy began to see how the treasure hunt had begun to become an obsession to Remy and began to wonder if he wanted to continue on in search of the diamond. Later, Malinowski asked Indy what he would do once he had found the diamond. Indy replied that he'd return to the states and attend college. Malinowski pointed out that was exactly what he wanted to do before he began his treasure hunt and that it was foolish to waste his time searching for something he did not really need while he could be pursuing his real dream.

Indy later told Remy that he was not going to continue on the search, instead returning to the states. Remy tried to talk him out of it and, when he realized that Indy would not change his mind, told him that he would continue on alone. Indy and Remy left on the freighter and eventually went their separate ways. Though he didn't know it at the time, Indy would eventually resume the search for the enigmatic diamond.

Paris Peace Conference[]

"Those who forget the lessons of history are doomed to repeat them."
Arnold Toynbee[src]

By May 1919, The Germans had surrendered to the Allies and the Kaiser had abdicated and fled the country. The leaders of the Allied countries had gathered in Paris for the peace conference. The three main heads of the conference were French Premier George Clemenceau, British Prime Minister David Lloyd-George and United States President Woodrow Wilson. Indy had secured a job with the American delegation as a translator. His boss was pleased with his work and said that there would be a job available for him in the State Department when the conference was over.[63]

While there, Indy ran into T.E. Lawrence, who was helping to see that Arabia was awarded her independence. He believes that colonialism was dead now that dozens of countries were petitioning the conference for their freedom. He invited Indy along for dinner. At dinner, Ned introduced Gertrude Bell, a writer who had been championing the Arab cause. They were also joined by a member of the British delegation, Arnold Toynbee. Toynbee was afraid that the leaders of the conference would give in to the public's outcries for blood and retribution. Indy tried to defend Wilson, saying that he was a good man. Toynbee said that Wilson was obsessed with his League of Nations idea and would concede anything to get it. The world was changing and history was now moving in a spiral, he said. If they tried to push Germany down now, it would only rise again. He gave Indy some words of advice which he then later wrote in his journal - "Those who forget the lessons of history are doomed to repeat them."[63]

Attending the Paris Peace Conference.

The next day, Wilson addressed the conference about his League of Nations. At dinner afterwards, Ned told Indy and Gertrude about his dreams of a free Arabia. Unfortunately, it seemed that politics may prohibit it. Although England promised Arabia its freedom, it also promised Arabia to France in exchange for Kuwait and its oil fields.[63]

A few days later, Indy was brought to Wilson's study to transcribe a conversation between Wilson, Lloyd-George and Clemenceau. They were arguing over Arabia. Wilson was not happy with Lloyd-George's and Clemenceau's secret agreement. He proposed a commission to find out the will of the people as to who should rule them. The other two reluctantly agreed.[63]

That night at dinner, Indy told Ned what happened. He was happy and felt that this would help free Arabia. However, he planned on not waiting for the commission, but having King Faisal present his case to the conference and run rings around Wilson. Indy was not happy with Ned's plan and they argued. Ned finally walked out. Indy went to follow Ned, but was stopped by their Vietnamese waiter, who overheard the whole argument. The waiter wished to talk to Indy, but Indy brushed him off in his haste to catch Ned.[63]

Indy did catch up to Ned down the street. Ned apologized, saying that he'd become cynical. He wondered how Indy got through the whole war without losing his ideals. A few days later, King Faisal of Arabia addressed the conference. Ned translated for him. Faisal asked for justice and the fulfillment of England's promise of freedom. He asked that his country not be divided up like war booty for the colonial powers. As Indy was walking home that evening, he was stopped by the Vietnamese waiter, who introduced himself as Nguyen. He said that he was part of a delegation of patriots who wished address the conference, but no one would see them. They were beginning to get desperate. Indy was not sure that he could help, but he would see what he can do. Indy presented the idea to his boss, who was against it. He told Indy to forget what Wilson said about helping all the people of the world. Presidents may come and go, but diplomats would always stay. Indy did manage to persuade him to get the Vietnamese a hearing.[63]

Later, the Vietnamese delegation presented their request to some of the diplomats. All they asked for were certain freedoms and a voice in the French Parliament. They were told it would be considered. Outside of the hall, Indy apologized, saying that he wished it could have gone better. Nguyen was happy that they at least got their chance to be heard. Another member of the delegation called him Ho Chi Min, which meant "Father of his Country." The delegation then left for home.[63]

At dinner, Indy was disgusted that no one seemed to care. Toynbee told him that no one was interested in the common people's interests except for Wilson. The real decisions were being made in private, with the colonial powers carving up the world for themselves. Indy wondered why they fought the war in the first place. Ned arrived and let them know that the German delegation had finally arrived. They were delayed by the French who forced them to take a train ride through some of the worst areas of the battlefield. At the station, the train was met by an angry mob which the police could barely keep back. The German delegation was refused cab service and had to walk to their hotel. Indy and Ned talked about why they thought the war was fought. Ned originally thought it was to preserve democracy, but now was not sure that it was accomplished. As Indy was walking home, he saw the German delegation being followed by an angry mob of people. He followed them to the hotel, where a porter began throwing out their luggage to the crowd. Indy was close to the front and managed to hand one of the bags back to a young German diplomat.[63]

The next day, the Germans came before the conference. Clemenceau said that there would be no negotiating of terms and that the Germans had fifteen days to sign the treaty. Later at the opera, Toynbee joined Indy, Ned and Gertrude. He said that Wilson had finally conceded almost all of his fourteen points. He also said that the terms of German reparation was even harsher than anyone thought that they would be. This plan would bankrupt Germany and perhaps drag the rest of Europe down with it. He predicted that the war would be fought all over again, in ten to twenty years. He also told them that Germany must assume all responsibility for the war.[63]

At the conference, the German delegation said that they laid down their arms in accordance with Wilson's fourteen points, but now found that they were not in the treaty. They also refused to bear the guilt of the war. Clemenceau rebuked that the treaty must be accepted. Reluctantly, the head of the German delegation agreed. Later, at a reception, the young German diplomat walked in. Everyone stopped and stared at him. Indy went over to him and helped him get a cup of coffee. The German recognized him from the hotel. They talked and found out that they both fought at Verdun. The German said that there would be no future for anyone if the rulers at the conference had their way.[63]

"We gave the old men victory and they threw it away, we offered them a new world and they made the old one over again. Still, it might have been worse."
T. E. Lawrence[src]
Goodbye ned

Leaving for America.

After the formal signing ceremonies, there was a large celebration. Indy said that he was glad that it was finally over. Toynbee disagreed, feeling that it was just beginning. As Indy was helping with the packing up of the American delegation's office, he came across the file with the Vietnamese delegation's request. It was stamped with the words "No Action." Indy was then summoned with his boss to President Wilson's office. There, they witnessed another conference between Wilson, Lloyd-George and Clemenceau. Wilson was upset that a commission was not being sent to Arabia. Lloyd-George stated that the situation in the Middle East was much too volatile to make a proper decision. Instead, he and Clemenceau proposed "Zones of Influence" for England and France. They promised Wilson to find something for King Faisal. Wilson conceded to them. After they left, Wilson was full of doubt.[63]

Indy decided to turn down the State Department job, and instead planned on returning home and then attending the University of Chicago in the fall to study archaeology. He and Ned promised to stay in touch as they said goodbye at the train station.[63]

Return to Princeton[]

Indiana Jones: "You're just mad at me because I left for the war without discussing it with you."
Henry Jones Sr: "That subject is closed."
―Indy confronts his father.[src]

Disheartened to see the mistakes of the old world repeated in Europe, Indy returned to America via a steamer trip across the Atlantic. On the steamer he met and courted a beautiful young aristocrat from New York, named Amy. Indy then returned home to Princeton, and accidentally bumped into Nancy Stratemeyer, his high school girlfriend, who was pushing a stroller with her son in it. Indy was saddened to learn that she had married his high school rival Butch[19] nearly two years earlier.[23] He was even more depressed with the cold reception his father gave him when he arrived at their house. Henry Sr. was still angry at Indy for running off to Europe to fight in the war, but tried to act completely unmoved. His father did, however, help Indy get a summer job at the university: Assisting Professor Robert Goddard — a scientist determined to find a way to make space travel possible.[19]

At some point during that summer, Indy and his father had a quiet drink together. Indy would come to remember this occasion for a long time; the milkshake he drank, and how the two didn't say a single word to each other.[12]

While in Princeton, Indy reunited with his childhood friend Paul Robeson, and witnessed — first hand — the ugliness of racism as he took him to New York to meet Amy and ran into a gang of thugs who couldn't comprehend seeing white and colored people socializing together. One evening at dinner time, Indy's frustration with his father's emotionless behaviour culminated, and he told Henry Sr. that the last time he had truly felt close to him was when they were in Athens when Indy was ten years old. With that, his father got up from the table and retired for the evening.[19]

Indy windsofchange

Jones leaves for Chicago.

The following day — as he was about to leave — Indy told his father that he was sorry they hadn't spent more time together. Henry Sr. confessed to also being sorry, at which point the pair finally seemed to be on the verge of reconciliation. Indy informed Henry of his intention to study archaeology at the University of Chicago instead of Princeton University. Henry suddenly appeared cold again, and instructed his son to close the door behind him when he left. Accepting that he would never acquire his father's approval, Indy left for Chicago, and parted ways with Amy, who had decided to study medicine.[19]

In December — before beginning his studies — Jones traveled to New Mexico, where he spent some time working on his uncle's ranch,[3] then stumbling onto the medicine man Changing Man, whom he had met six years previously. Jones joined the Indian on a vision quest, and together they hiked up a mesa. Changing Man told Indy that he had to wait there until an animal approached him, and from then on it would be his spiritual guide. After two days, an eagle landed on top of his shelter, and Indy could hear Changing Man's voice telling him that it would always guide him.[45]

College years[]

"You left just when you were becoming interesting."
Henry Jones Sr. speaking to his son, 1938.[src]

Indy's father sent him a letter, trying to convince him to study history or linguistics instead of archaeology. Nevertheless, Indy had applied to, but was rejected from Yale, Harvard and Northwestern University.[17] He was then finally accepted by the University of Chicago, and in January 1920, under the tutelage of Professors Abner Ravenwood[1] and Charles Kingston,[64] Jones began studying archaeology and eventually met Ravenwood's young daughter Marion. Additionally, Jones studied history under Professor Ted Conrad,[45] and also attended classes by Professor Hunt.[11] One of Indy's classmates was the Englishman Harold Oxley, who he became good friends with. Together they shared an interest in the legend of the Mitchell-Hedges Skull[6] and the pair made it a tradition to visit the restaurant Gino's for pizza once a week.[65] Another classmate of Indy's was the German-born Magnus Völler, whom he initially would develop a friendship with.[64]

Playing Jazz[]

"I was a waiter. But that's an art in itself. You know, you don't start at the top. You work your way up. Perfect your style. Till you are at the top, like Colosimo's Restaurant. The best food, the best service and the best jazz in Chicago. I was crazy about jazz."
―Indiana Jones recalls his youth, inside of an abandoned Wyoming cabin in 1950.[src]

By April 1920, Indy was working his way through university as a waiter at Colosimo's Restaurant, home of the best food and the best jazz in Chicago. Indy loved jazz, but his admiration was not appreciated by the restaurant's band leader, Sidney Bechet.[11] Meanwhile, at school Indy was not getting along well with his roommate, Eliot Ness. Eliot was far too uptight, but one evening Indy was able to talk him into going to the Royal Garden, a jazz club. At the club, Sidney and the band were jamming and were joined by a singer named Goldie Williams. Eliot got upset when he was served "Prohibition Water" - gin. He went to leave but ended up causing a commotion after he tripped over another customer. Both he and Indy wound up getting thrown out.[11]

The next evening at work, Indy apologized to Sidney for the commotion, but wound up gushing how much he loved jazz. Sidney asked Indy if he'd ever played an instrument and he admitted that he played soprano sax a little bit during the war. Sidney had a soprano sax which he gave to Indy to practice. After work, Indy got to tag along with the band as they performed at a speakeasy, The Four Deuces.[11]

For the next couple of weeks, Indy spent his free time playing sax and driving Eliot up a wall. One afternoon, Eliot dragged Indy to a football victory party at a campus frat house. Indy had his sax with him. When a cheerleader Eliot had a crush on saw Indy's sax, she arranged for him to sit in with the band and barber shop quartet that's performing. However, he was kicked out of the party when he started to improvise around April Showers. He was told that jazz was brothel music and not respectable.[11]

Indy motb

Jamming with Sidney Bechet.

At work, Indy conned Sidney into letting him jam with them on a song at the Four Deuces. Unfortunately, it didn't go as well as Indy had hoped. Sidney gave Indy some pointers on jazz. He told him that he had to learn to walk before he could run. He also instructed Indy to learn Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star forwards and backwards.[11]

One Sunday morning Indy went to a black revival church with Sidney. Some of the other parishioners were uncomfortable with Indy's presence. They went to Goldie's house afterwards for Sunday dinner. Indy learned that her brother, C.J., was in the war and they traded jokes about life in the army. The discussion took a serious turn when C.J. expressed his dissatisfaction with the black plight in America. This lead to an argument with his father about the methods for achieving civil rights.[11]

A few nights later, Indy, Sidney, Goldie and C.J. spoke about change. As weeks went on, Indy continued to practice, getting better as he went. One night, Sidney overheard him at work and was impressed with his progress. After work, the band headed over to the Golden Palace to hear Goldie sing. While Sidney was jamming with the band, he invited Indy up on stage and they proceeded to storm through a swinging version of Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star.[11]

Opposing the Mob[]

"Time for you to play the blues."
Sidney Bechet[src]

Later at the Four Deuces, Indy learned that Colosimo owned the speakeasy. Sidney didn't let Indy perform, as the band was going to be playing the blues. He explained to Indy the difference between jazz and the blues. The next day, as the restaurant was getting ready to open, Colosimo was shot to death in the doorway. No one saw anything, although one waiter had to chase out a customer only a few minutes before the shooting. Indy noticed that Colosimo's rings were gone. Reporters and police were soon crawling all over the restaurant. Colosimo's nephew Johnny Torrio arrived and noticed that Colosimo's money belt containing $200,000 was gone. Police Chief Garrity, a personal friend of Colosimo's promised to find the killer.[11]

Jones hemingway hecht

With Ernest Hemingway and Ben Hecht.

One of the reporters was an old friend of Indy's from the war, Ernest Hemingway, who was working as a free-lancer for the Chicago Tribune. Back at Indy's dorm room, they discussed the case. Eliot expressed interest. It seemed that Colosimo's first wife was the one who got him out of bootlegging and into the much more profitable brothel trade. After he made a fortune, he dumped his wife and took up with the singer Dale Winters. Ernie was excited by all the gossip, but Eliot suggested solving the crime procedurally, establishing motive, method and opportunity.[11]

Their first move was to go to the funeral procession to see who turns up. As the casket was solemnly paraded through the streets, they ran into "Big Al" Brown, a bartender at The Four Deuces who had a nasty scar on his face. Among the dignitaries in the procession were Mayor Bill Thompson, some judges and a couple of congressmen. Indy had to leave the funeral for work where they were holding a reception afterwards. Ernie had a couple of leads he wanted to check out. Eliot had a friend in the morgue and went to see what he could learn.[11]

Meeting with the coroner, Eliot learned that Colosimo was shot in the back of the head, possibly as he was looking out the front door's peephole. Ernie hanged out at the police station with some reporters, but learned nothing. They met at a soda fountain for lunch and traded information. Unfortunately, all they had are half formed theories with no evidence to back them up. They figured that Colosimo was waiting for someone and the killer knew it. If they could figure out who the killer was waiting for, they might be able to crack the case. Indy promised to talk to the waiter who chased the customer away. Ernie continued his digging in the Tribune's morgue. He also wrote The New York Times for information.[11]

Sidney told Indy that Torrio would be taking over the restaurant and other business interests. He also said that Colosimo was waiting for a shipment of bootleg liquor. Later, Indy, Ernie and Eliot met. They decided to go to the restaurant and find out who sold Colosimo the liquor. Indy sneaked in and found the bootleg was packed in boxes marked "Cristo Lemonade Company." They traced this to a warehouse along the Lake Michigan waterfront. They went to the warehouse and broke into office. Unfortunately, they were discovered before they could find anything. The boys made a mad dash out and almost escaped, but were cornered when their car ran out of gas.[11]

The three were taken to see O'Bannon, head of the Irish mob in Chicago and owner of the warehouse. He told them that he didn't have Colosimo killed, but wondered if someone was setting him up. He then let them go. That night at work, Torrio was gladhandling the customers, including the mayor. Indy spotted Al Brown wearing one of Colosimo's rings. He met with Eliot and Ernie and passed on what he saw. Ernie's information had arrived from The Times. It included the fact that Al Brown was really a small time gangster named Alfonse Capone, who fled New York with a murder rap over his head. There was also a photo of Capone and Torrio together. Eliot revealed that he had grabbed some papers off of the warehouse's desk before they fled. One of them showed that it was Torrio that placed the order for the liquor. Torrio and Capone had to be the ones behind Colosimo's murder.[11]

The three took their findings to Garrity who, rather than using it to issue an arrest warrant on Capone, destroyed the evidence and threw them out. He warned them to keep quiet about the whole affair. Garrity was obviously on the take. Ernie decided to go to Paris to write, while Indy quit his job. Later at The Four Deuces, Indy was still brooding about how things worked out. Sidney decided that Indy was now ready to play the blues.[11]

Scandal of 1920[]

"A pretty girl is like a melody that haunts you night and day. She will leave you and then come back again. A pretty girl is just like a pretty tune."
George Gershwin[src]

In June, Indy was leaving Chicago for a summer job that Sidney Bechet was arranging for him in New York City. On the train, he sat next to a beautiful young woman who didn't seem to like or trust him very much. However, after a misunderstanding over an apple that Indy dropped, they started to get along. She introduced herself as Peggy Peabody and she was on her way to New York to break into Broadway as a singer. She was a bit naive, but as the trip progressed, they grew closer.

When they arrived in New York, they made plans to meet the next morning for a tour of the city. Indy then went to the Greenwich Village apartment of a friend with whom he was supposed to be staying with. Finding nobody home, he got swept into a party going on next door. There he met the party's hostess, Kate, who told him that his friends had left for Europe for the summer. They ended up discussing archaeology and literature until almost noon the next day. When Indy realized this, he rushed to Peggy's hotel, but she had already checked out leaving no forwarding address.

Scandal 1920

Indy and Kate.

Upset, Indy took a walk in Central Park before heading back up to Kate's to get his suitcase. Kate invited Indy to stay at her place and he accepted. Indy headed up to Harlem to see Sidney about his job, but, unfortunately, it fell through. Sidney did bring Indy's sax and they jammed with a friend of Sidney's, George Gershwin. Gershwin was impressed with Indy's playing and they went to get something to eat.

Later, while shooting pool with some of George's composer friends George White and Irving Berlin, Indy told him about Peggy. Gershwin and the others told Indy about love and music. He also told Indy to go to the Globe Theater and asked a man named Mac about a job. When Indy got back to Kate's they talked for a bit and wound up kissing. The next morning Indy went to the theater and landed a job as the assistant to the stage manager, Mac. The theater was deep in rehearsals for its show Scandals of 1920 which its star and director, George White, hoped would blow away Ziegfeld's Follies. To that end, he had hired away Ziegfeld's star Anne Pennington. However, his assistant, Schwartz was worried about the expenses the show was incurring, but White didn't want to be bothered. George was writing the music for the show. During a break, Indy told George about Kate. Gershwin invited Indy and Kate to a party on Fifth Avenue. Back at Kate's she declined the invitation as she was going to a poetry reading. She told Indy to go ahead without her.

George and Indy arrived at the party and Indy was swept away by the splendor of the penthouse and the beauty of Gloria Schuyler, daughter of the host. He followed her out to the balcony as the band began to play a tango. She and Indy danced and she was swept off her feet. She finally took him home in a limousine at dawn. They made plans to see each other that night. Indy rushed into Kate's with only an hour before he had to be at work. Kate was just getting up and they made plans to have lunch at the Hotel Algonquin at one o'clock.

That morning at work, White was driving the chorus girls hard. Anne Pennington arrived to rehearse her number which Gershwin wrote. He complained that she was taking it too fast, but she didn't like the song anyway. White told him to write her another song. Later Gershwin asked Indy about how things went with Gloria and ribbed him about having two girls. Gloria then arrived to take him out to lunch. Afterwards, he got her to drop him off at the Algonquin under the pretext of having to run an errand for White. He also made plans to meet her for a late dinner at ten o'clock. Inside the hotel, Kate introduced Indy to some of her friends that they'd be joining for lunch. Among them were author Dorothy Parker and critic Alexander Woollcott Most of the rest are theater critics who had already taken a dim view of White's production. Indy didn't think it was fair that they had written their reviews already. That afternoon at the theater, auditions were being held for new chorus girls. One of them was Peggy, who tells Indy that she didn't make it. Indy talked to George who gets her hired. Happy, she told Indy that she was buying him dinner tonight after work at six.

Indy then got a phone call from Kate who was looking forward to having dinner with him around eight. While he was on the phone, a box of candy arrives from Gloria with a note reminding him of their date for ten o'clock. George could only marvel at Indy's predicament, but offered no help. As Indy tried to leave work, Mac, who had been drinking, gave Indy more work to do. He wound up being late to meet Peggy. She treated him to chili dogs, which he quickly ate, saying he had to get back to the theater. He then raced to Kate's where she fed him a big pasta dinner. Then making the same excuses about work, he headed out to Gloria's. When he got there, she noticed that he was looking a bit run down and lectured him on the importance of eating three meals a day.

The next day at work, things were not going well. The new girls were slow to learn the dance numbers and the show opened in just ten days. White still hadn't found a girl to sing the song Anne rejected. Indy talked to George about having Peggy audition for it. Meanwhile, Schwartz had bad news for White. The backers had pulled out of the show and they needed twenty thousand dollars or the show would fold before it opened. That evening Indy told what happened to Peggy, Kate and Gloria. Gloria placed a call to her father.

The next day, Peggy was set to audition for the song when she was interrupted for an announcement. They had a new backer for the show, Gloria's father J.J. Schuyler. He had arrived to watch rehearsals with Gloria. He was impressed with Peggy's audition, so White gave her the number. Backstage, Indy was given a kiss by an excited Peggy, when Schuyler and Gloria showed up on a backstage tour with White. George saw Indy's predicament and pulled Peggy away before Gloria caught up to him.

That night at Kate's, some friends were over for a poetry reading. She read them a poem about love that she wrote for a flattered Indy. He then left for dinner at Gloria's, where she gave him a watch. After dinner, he went to see Sidney with George and Peggy. While there, she gave him a monogrammed handkerchief. After practice the next day, Indy and George talked about his problem. Indy just couldn't decide what to do.

A few days later, Indy joined Kate and her friends for lunch. They told him that Ziegfeld had threatened to pull his ads from their papers if they gave White's show good reviews. The critics promised not to let Ziegfeld blackmail them. During the meal, Indy spilled water on Kate. He pulled out Peggy's handkerchief to mop it up and she absently placed it in her purse.

With less than a week to go before the show, things had reached a hectic pace at the theater. The show was running overtime, so Peggy's number was cut. Indy gave her Gloria's watch pin to help her get to practice on time. When he went to Kate's after work, Gloria called, insisting that he come right over. Making an excuse to Kate, he rushed right off. At the penthouse, Indy read her lines from Kate's poem. She loved it and promised to have it engraved on his cigarette case.

A day before the show, Indy received a dozen roses from Gloria which he passed onto Peggy. White was driving everyone unmercifully. Indy was having trouble getting the stage's turntable to run smoothly and it was vital to the show's first act finale. George and Indy relaxed after practice talking about the fate of the show. Indy remembered that it was his twenty-first birthday.

On opening night the backstage area was chaos. Kate arrived and told Indy that she had to review the show as the paper's regular critic was sick. Gloria and Mr. Schuyler showed up to wish Indy luck with only a few minutes until the curtain went up, the first emergency popped up. Mac was passed out drunk, courtesy of a bottle of booze sent by Ziegfeld. Indy would have to run the show. The next emergency cropped up moments later. Someone had stolen the costumes for the first number. Indy quickly improvised giant fans out of some costume feathers. The opening number went on, shocking some of the audience and impressing the critics.

Indy quadrangle

Indiana after the premiere of The Scandals of 1920.

The next number feathered Anne, but her dressing room door was jammed shut. Indy quickly battered it down and carried her bodily to the stage. Meanwhile, Bonzo, the monkey in an animal act that was part of the show, was running amuck in the rafters. As Indy tried to catch him, he inadvertently sent pillars crashing down onto the stage. The rest of the first act went well until the finale. The stage's turntable was broken beyond repair. George got an idea. He had Peggy sing the song he wrote exactly at the slow pace they practiced it at. What White had tried to make a jazzy ragtime number, Peggy sang as a slow love ballad and brought the house down.

After the show, Peggy, Gloria and Kate were all at the cast party, but George helped Indy put by keeping them distracted. The early editions of the papers arrived and the reviews were fantastic, with special notice of Peggy's singing. Despite George and Indy's jockeying, Kate, Gloria and Peggy ended up in the powder room at the same time. There, Kate noticed a few lines of her poem inscribed on Gloria's cigarette case. Gloria noticed her watch pin pined to Peggy. Peggy noticed her handkerchief in Kate's hand. Back at the party, a birthday cake was wheeled out for Indy. As he blew out the candles, the three women entered. Indy tried to explain, but they simply pushed his face into the cake.

Hollywood follies[]

Claire Lieberman: "Are you sure you don't want to stay, Indy?"
Indiana Jones: "I think I'll stick to archaeology. Safer."
―Jones having worked as a stuntman on a film by John Ford.[src]

By August, Indy was stuck in New York after being fired from his job at the theater with a month of summer vacation left, no job and not enough money for next year's tuition. His friend George Gershwin met him in the movie theater and said that his old boss Mr. White had arranged for a possible job for Indy at Universal Pictures. Indy was hired by Carl Laemmle to go to Hollywood to force director (and star actor) Erich von Stroheim to complete his movie Foolish Wives within ten days or close down the filming which had gone outrageously over budget. Indy got $300 now and would receive an additional $300 bonus when he successfully completed his job.

Indy arrived at Universal Studios and met Laemmle's brother-in-law Izzy Bernstein, the head of Universal Studios and relayed Laemmle's ultimatum. Indy was taken by Irving Thalberg, who trying to learn the movie business, to see von Stroheim and tell him the deadline. On the way Irving gave Indy a tour of the studios and told him about the industry. Irving tried to warn Indy about von Stroheim's eccentricities, but Indy was not prepared for the man's intensity about his work and his own self-importance. Von Stroheim said that he alone decided the fate of his picture not an "errand boy."

Indy claire

Indy and Claire.

Indy was introduced to Claire Lieberman, one of the writers of the movie. She explained to Indy how von Stroheim kept adding scenes to the movie without any end in sight. When Indy told her that many of the planned scenes would have to be cut she gave Indy a copy of the script to read before he "made any more stupid suggestions." At breakfast with Claire and Irving, Indy tried to decide what to cut. Irving introduced Indy to director John Ford. Ford told Indy to forget the script and view the film that had already been shot in order to decide what to cut. After watching the prints, Indy and Claire went to the beach to look at the night sky. Claire told him how currently the director was the "king" of the movie, while Bernstein wanted to shift that power to the producer. In the course of their conversation, a romance began to bud, but Claire told Indy that she had a boyfriend. In the middle of kissing Claire came up with a way to end the movie.

The next day, Claire found out that she was fired from Foolish Wives. To further complicate matters, Indy found out that Stroheim had taken all of the prints for the movie to his house. Indy went there to get them back and, over watching von Stroheim drink ox blood, von Stroheim told him that he did not take the film. Irving later told Indy that they had the negative and could strike another print from it. They decided that in order to end the movie, they needed to film a scene where von Stroheim's character died.

While driving, Claire told Indy that she loved him, but she also still loved her boyfriend Tony. Indy was informed the next day that he couldn't get the scenes shot that he needed to end the film because Prince Massimo, the Italian prince actor, was arriving to film other scenes. Indy decided to stop Massimo from showing up by kidnapping him and dumping him in Mexico. Indy, Irving and Claire went to a party being thrown by Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford to snatch the Prince. They told the drunken prince that they could take him to a better party and headed off towards the border. They left him in a cantina in Mexico and returned to Hollywood.

The following day, von Stroheim exploded in a rage when he found out that Massimo had not showed. He began thinking up new scenes in order to avoid filming his death scene and rehired Claire to write the scenes for him. After filming the new scene, Indy declared that he'd think of something even if he had to kill von Stroheim himself. During the duel scene being filmed the next day, Indy rolled marbles under von Stroheim's feet so it would look like he'd been shot and they'd have their death scene with which that could finish the movie.

Unfortunately, all of the extras fell over while von Stroheim remained standing. At lunch, Ford told Indy, Irving and Claire they needed to slip von Stroheim a "mickey" to get him to fall over and slipped a horse tranquilizer pill into von Stroheim's drink. On the set, von Stroheim could barely stay awake as he tried once again filming the duel scene. Von Stroheim ended up dramatically stumbling and falling after he was "shot" and Indy got the scene on film he needed to end the movie on the tenth and last day he was allotted.

Indy went to von Stroheim and congratulated him on the finish of the film, but von Stroheim congratulated Indy on beating him. Von Stroheim gave Indy tickets to a gala movie premiere with which he could take Claire and Irving. While they were there von Stroheim brought the entire production crew to Mexico to continue filming the movie. Indy received a telegram from Laemle telling him that he'd been fired without his bonus. Irving also received a telegram from Laemle, however, his told him that he'd been made head of Universal Pictures and his first assignment was to go to Mexico and take control of von Stroheim.


Jones working as John Ford's assistant.

Finding himself stuck in Hollywood with no money and no job, Indy took a job with John Ford as his assistant on his next western movie Six Steps to Hell. Ford told Indy how his real name was Sean Allouicious O'Feeney and that his brother Francis Ford was the first to rename himself when he first came to America. Ford introduced Indy to Harry Carey, the star actor and Indy took notes as Ford and Carey rewrote the bad script they were given. Ford sent Indy to a bar to bring back Wyatt Earp to help consult on the movie. Wyatt Earp told Indy, Ford and Carey about real gunfights as opposed to the fictional stories. After finishing typing the new script that Ford and Carey wrote, Indy went to see Claire. Claire once again told Indy that she still had feelings for Tony, but Claire decided that if things worked out between her and Indy over the next two weeks she'd break up with Tony. The next day, however, Indy found out that they'd be filming on location for the entire time and he wouldn't be able to see Claire. Indy went to tell Claire before he headed out and he found her with Tony.

The whole crew headed out and en route stops to film the final scene first in front of the setting sun. At night, Wyatt Earp told stories of the old west to the crew as Indy tried writing a letter to Claire. Indy ended up getting advice from the crew about what to do with Claire. The general consensus was that he should get over her because she was not going to leave Tony.

Cowboy indy

Dressed up as cowboy 'Slim'.

While filming the next day a small earthquake hitted and a fire started in the house they were shooting a scene in. Ford continued to film and began improvising a new scene working the burning building into it. Filming continued without any problems over the next few days until one of the lead actors was killed in his sleep by a poisonous snake. Ford had Indy take over the deceased actor's role, however, Indy's lack of acting ability soon became evident. Indy improved over the next few days of filming, however, Ford found himself a day behind schedule and without any stuntmen after they are all injured on the set. Claire arrived to visit Indy after getting his letter. On the last day of filming, Ford had Indy act as a stuntman to complete the final scene to filmed - the runaway coach scene. Indy agreed to do it for extra pay and risked his life as he jumped from his horse to the wagon, missed and ended up underneath the wagon, being dragged on his back, pulling himself to the front where he grabbed hold of the reins and stopped the horses from going over a cliff. With the movie done, Indy said his farewell to Claire and everyone else and returned to the University of Chicago with a broken leg and enough money for tuition.

Continuing studies[]

Major Eaton: "You studied under Professor Ravenwood at the University of Chicago?"
Indiana Jones: "Yes, I did."
―Jones meets up with Government Officials in 1936.[src]

During his archaeological studies Indy grew closer to his teacher Abner Ravenwood, who became his mentor. Ravenwood, in turn, considered Indy to be his most gifted student, and came to love him, almost like a son.[1] At one point they both attended a lecture at the university by the Arctic explorer Evelyn Briggs Baldwin. Baldwin was impressed by Jones' enthusiastic questions.[66]

In March 1921, Indy met and befriended Jack Shannon, a jazz musician with family ties to organized crime, in the residence halls of the University of Chicago. Shannon was studying to be an accountant, and the two soon became good friends. Together they rented an off-campus apartment where they both came to live. They spent many late nights at clubs and saloons listening to jazz.

Jones staffofkings prologue

Jones attempts to prevent the Jade Sphere from being stolen.

Magnus Völler: "It's a trap, Indy. Help!"
Indiana Jones: "I don't know, Magnus. I'm feeling kinda... timid."
―Treasure-hunting in Panama.[src]

In 1922, Indy and classmate Magnus Völler accompanied Professor Charles Kingston to Panama in search of the Jade Sphere, which was said to lead to the Staff of Kings. In the Temple of the Cosmos, Jones followed Völler inside and saved his life when the man set off a rolling ball trap. Völler was eventually expelled from the university. Around this time, museum curator Marcus Brody expressed an interest in acquiring Jones' services.[64] Sometime the same year, Indy acquired his first bullwhip. Toward the end of his time at Chicago, Indy was involved in a Founding Fathers Day prank which almost cost him his career before it could start.[45]


Indiana visits Greece.

Indy graduated from Chicago in June 1922, and was rather disappointed to find that his father wouldn't attend the ceremony. By July he had moved onto a graduate program in linguistics at the Sorbonne in Paris, a subject chosen, in part, to appease Henry Sr. While living in Paris, Indy's place of residence was a small apartment located above a bakery, on the rue Bonaparte. Jones stayed in touch with Jack Shannon who had also moved to the city. He engaged in a brief relationship with a young woman called Madelaine.

At the university, Jones found himself in top of his class, due to his already extensive knowledge of foreign languages. Jones took an additional course in classical Greek archaeology, and became attracted to his professor Dorian Belecamus, who also happened to invite him along on a dig in Greece. Belecamus secretly sought to overthrow the country's monarch, King Constantine, with Indy unwittingly taking the blame. Indy managed to save the king but Belecamus was killed by a bullet intended for him. The experience, however, refocused Indy's archaeological aims, which had been flagging somewhat after the routines of college.[45]

"You know how ambivalent I've felt about life as a scholar. Maybe this is what I've been looking for -- a career with some adventure."
―Indiana Jones to Jack Shannon.[src]

That August, Indy attended an archaeological dig at Ur in Iraq in the company of Peruvian archaeologist Andrés Uribe and met fellow student René Emile Belloq. Belloq stole and then sold some of the discovered artifacts from the Royal Tombs, which damaged Uribe's reputation. Uribe also came to believe that Jones had stolen his credit for discovering the Pu-Abi harp.[3] Back at the university, Belloq plagiarized a stratigraphy essay Indy had writte and was awarded with the Archaeological Society Prize for the paper as Indy was unable to prove the theft.[18]

In June of 1923, in Egypt, Indy and a journalist named Marya Smirnova raced Dr. Karl von Kraft of the University of Heidelberg to discover the secret of the Great Pyramid.


On a dig at the Valley of the Kings.

1924 saw Indy — still a graduate student — going on a dig with Sorbonne lab assistant Roland Walcott and fellow student Mara Rogers. Walcott tried to take credit for Jones' discovery of a underwater cave in Montignac, containing Ice Age paintings and clay artifacts, but following a struggle, Walcott was presumed dead when he disappeared into an underground river.[20] The same year, Indy helped a Chinese man, Lin-Su, avoid being thrown out of the U.S. by the Immigration Service, by telling them that Lin-Su was his employee.[18]

Romancing Marion and Deirdre[]

Marion Ravenwood: "I was a child, I was in love. It was wrong and you knew it!"
Indiana Jones: "You knew what you were doing..."
―Former lovers confronting past sins, 1936.[src]
Indy marion abner

Indiana with Abner and Marion.

In 1925, Indy finally completed his graduate studies at the Sorbonne. Later he was sent Abner Ravenwood's journal along with a request from the professor for Jones to help him with his research on one last expedition,[17] during which time he turned his attention to Abner's teenage daughter Marion. Attracted to her maturity as well as her beauty, Jones romanced the young girl,[3]with the pair sharing their very first kiss inside the closet of an unspecified university library.[65] During that time, Marion came to notice how Indy would practice with his bullwhip every day. Indy and Marion's intense courtship came to an abrupt end, as Jones left the Ravenwoods; he would not see Marion again for almost ten years, even though he had promised her that he would be back.[18]

That same year — with the assistance of longtime friend Marcus Brody — Jones took his first teaching job as a doctor of archaeology at London University for the summer program. He suspected he was being followed on the way to London, after receiving several unpleasant visits in the form of black widows and scorpions. The head of the Archaeology department, Joanna Campbell, invited Indy on a dig in Whithorn, Scotland to confirm suspicions the legend of Merlin was true. During this time, he also ended up romancing Joanna's daughter, Deirdre, and his mysterious follower was revealed to be British Member of Parliament Adrian Powell working to revive the Druids at Stonehenge.[4] Later that year, Indy would also have teaching obligations at Marshall College in Bedford, Connecticut.[17]

Marriage and search for Colonel Fawcett[]


Newlyweds Jones and Deirdre Campbell.

"I hope this cruise goes on forever, Indy. It's so beautiful. And we're getting married. I can hardly believe it."
Deirdre Campbell, aboard the S.S. Mauretania.[src]

In 1926, having barely survived a hair-raising dig in Tikal, Guatemala, Jones returned to New York just in time to get caught up in a controversy. Marcus Brody provided him with a journal belonging to British explorer Percy Fawcett who had recently gone missing in Brazil. The contents of the journal had the potential to revolutionize history, and make or break several scientific reputations. Fawcett described a lost city in the Brazilian jungle with its mythical red-headed race who may have been the descendants of ancient Celtic druids. Indy and Deirdre Campbell sat out to find the explorer, boarding a ship for Rio de Janeiro, onboard which they also were married in a ceremony led by the Captain. The pair were eventually captured by the same cannibalistic Indian tribe of Ceiba who had seized Fawcett. The kidnappers required new blood to veil their city but Indy, Deirdre and Fawcett managed to flee. Their plane crashed, however, and Jones lost his new bride as the only one aboard to survive.[67]

Later the same year, Jones rejoined Abner Ravenwood in Jerusalem, where he assisted his former mentor on a dig.[68][69] A 1927 journal reported on another expedition by Professor Ravenwood and Jones in Sinkiang.[70]

High adventure[]

Mutt Williams: "You're... a teacher?"
Indiana Jones: "Part time."
―An exchange at Orellana's Tomb, 1957.[src]
The dig

Indiana Jones and a team of diggers searching for the Ark of the Covenant in 1936.

The next ten years in Indiana Jones' life were spent scouring the globe, becoming involved in a variety of adventures. At some point during his career, Indy searched for the legendary El Dorado, almost dying of typhus in the process. He didn't locate the city, but the quest would continue later on in his life,[6] and the 1930s saw Jones in Mexico surveying a place known as Site R.[71] At one time, the Caliph of Baghdad threatened to boil him in oil.[72] Indy's lovelife also continued. At one point he was close to marrying a woman named Rita.[18] Also, at an unspecified point in time, Indy reunited with his childhood sweetheart Princess Sophie.[73]

Jones would also compose a letter to Barthelemy Boganda, the boy his Belgian unit had found in British East Africa during World War I. Jones described the deceased sergeant whom Barthelemy had been named after, and that man's dreams for the future of his country.[74]

Noah's Ark and the end of a friendship[]

"You've taken advantage of a young girl's brainless infatuation and twisted it to suit your own purpose just because she thinks she's in love with you."
Abner Ravenwood confronting his former student.[src]

Searching for Noah's Ark.

In 1927, Indy left his job in London and returned to Chicago. He visited his former college friend, Jack Shannon, who convinced him to attend a lecture given by a Russian man claiming to have spotted Noah's Ark while climbing Mount Ararat. Chased from the city by the mob, they joined an already launched expedition with the object of reaching the alleged site of the Ark, but an avalanche buried its remains beneath tons of snow along with any hope of its ultimate recovery.[75]

Following his twenty-eighth birthday, Jones was confronted by Abner Ravenwood regarding the relationship he'd previously had with his daughter. Abner accused Indy of taking advantage of Marion who, at least according to her father, had mistaken her feelings for him as love. It would be the last time the former mentor and student spoke to each other and their friendship was permanently ended.[18]

The Unicorn's Legacy and the Sky Pirates[]

"Unicorns are myth. They don't exist; they never did."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Carrying Mara Rogers.

Through 1928 to the beginning of 1929, Jones discovered the alicorn, a powerful artifact that had belonged to the last surviving unicorn. The event also revealed that Roland Walcott was still alive.[20] On Easter Island, Jones decided to dispose of the relic but unwittingly deposited the alicorn at an entrance of the interior world, an underground land within the earth's crust, where it was found by a Wayua named Maleiwa.[76] In June, while in the Yucatan Peninsula, Jones and his friend Swanson were caught in a volcanic eruption. Searching for any trace of his friend afterwards, Jones found the dying man in the village of an Indian tribe, providing Indy with a mysterious amulet in the shape of a feathered snake.[77]

Meanwhile, Maleiwa sought to use the artifact he'd found as a means to ally himself with Adolf Hitler, but was prevented before a meeting could take place by Jones after the two battled atop the Statue of Liberty in New York. However, Jones came away from the experience unsure whether the events surrounding the interior world had all been one long dream.[76] In November, Jones travelled to Iceland, and was for three months involved with the Jastro Expedition. This was Indy's first real job as a field supervisor. While there, he met Sophia Hapgood, who would become a recurring love interest to him throughout the decades.[78]


Article reporting on the Jastro Expedition.

By 1930, Jones was working out of two universities. He became, like his father, a professor of medieval literature at Princeton, but the school's relationship with Sir William Pencroft, chairman of the Archaeology department back at London University, allowed Pencroft to call on Jones's services for fieldwork.[79][80]

Indy was sent on a mission to discover the origin of the "Sky Pirates", mysterious disc shaped craft which had been attacking planes. Leading a team that included old archaeologist friend Gale Parker, Indy found and destroyed the dirigible releasing the discs.[79] After the UFO encounter, Indy moved back to England, completing his business at University of London. During a vacation, he took flying lessons from Parker but the pair found themselves embroiled in an adventure surrounding gold coins said to date back to the time of Christ.[80] Later, whilst on a train from Bombay, India to Calcutta, Indy rescued a woman named Kamala Seshan. In Calcutta, Indy met his journalist friend Marya Smirnova. While searching for the City of Thunder, they met Gandhi on their journey and found a resurgent Thuggee cult at a temple dedicated to the god Kali.[81]

Uppsala Scroll and the Invincible Ruby[]

"Archaeology isn't just about the finer moral points of fieldwork."
―Indiana Jones[src]
Jones 1930

Jones in Marrakesh.

Jones ended the year by traveling to Uppsala, Sweden with Marcus Brody and exploring the Temple of Old Uppsala with Theresa Lawrence, discovering an old scroll. Jones and Lawrence took on the growing Nazi movement when they traveled to Marrakesh to prevent René Belloq from selling the stolen scroll to the Nazis, who sought one of the scroll's secrets: How to produce a drug that created "Men of Odin" — berserkers who could only be stopped in death.[82]

In 1931, Indy foiled a museum heist in Kafiristan.[83] At the end of the spring semester at Barnett College, Jones learned about the string of thefts of Wohat Statues from museums around the world. After meeting with Ballantine Gruber, whose museum, the New York Museum of History, had been robbed, Jones became convinced that the thieves wanted the carvings to find the location of the Invincible Ruby of Ali Bey. In Barcelona, Jones found that Belloq and Ali Bey-Faisal had masterminded the thefts and reclaimed the statues, using them to find and open Ali Bey's Palace in Kenya. Jones witnessed the destructive power of the ruby as it vaporized Gruber, and collapsed the palace, killing Bey-Faisal.[84] In June, Indy extended a visit to the island of Madagascar. He returned the Jewel of Heaven sapphire to its rightful owner, and as a consequence was threatened by the local sultan that he would sacrifice a lower body part if he ever returned.[3][13]

In 1932, Indy found out that the amulet given to him by Swanson three years earlier was once the property of a Maya high priest said to grant its wearer magical powers. The revelation would see Jones the target of a hostile tribe wanting the amulet back in their possession.[77] Travelling to Asia, Indy went in pursuit of an idol called "The demon monkey of Laeng-Tran", which supposedly possessed some kind of supernatural power.[85] He also returned to Iceland for an expedition from which he brought home a death mask.[3]

In 1933, Jones moved back to his hometown of Princeton, when he joined the archaeology department at the university, and started teaching there. It was, amongst other things, his background in linguistics that secured him the job.[17]

The Philosopher's Stone[]

Chattar Lal: "I seem to remember that in Honduras you were accused of being a graverobber rather than an archaeologist."
Indiana Jones: "The newspapers exaggerated the incident."
―Discussing past controversies, at Pankot Palace, 1935.[src]

In March 1933, Indy and his local guide, Bernabe — investigating the lost city of Cozán in the rain forests of British Honduras came across a Crystal Skull. However, Italian Fascist Leonardo Sarducci seized the skull and left his gunman, Marco, to dispose of them. Indy and Bernabe survived the ordeal, due to an thirty-eight-foot anaconda devouring Marco. Returning to San Pablo, Indy learned from Bernabe the Crystal Skull was cursed: Whomever touched it would kill what he loved. This incident would prompt Honduran local authorities to brand Jones a grave robber rather than an archaeologist, though Indy would later claim that the newspapers greatly exaggerated the incident.[13]

As Jones returned to Princeton University, he was approached by government agents asking for his help in relocating the mysterious Voynich manuscript. He declined their offer, not knowing the agents had already informed his superiors of his illegal expedition in Central America. Having unexpectedly lost his job, Indy ran into a bookstore owner who claimed that he had recently been visited by a group of fascists — also in search of the manuscript, as well as the Philosopher's Stone — an artifact of alchemist proportions, supposedly capable of turning any metal to gold. Reconsidering his recent offer, Jones departed for the USS Macon, onboard which he narrowly avoided an another assassination attempt.

DfxVKbnD 1107221452441gpadd

Jones and Sallah.

Departing for London, Indy was instructed to go look for British alchemist Alistair Dunstin, finding his sister Alecia instead. Learning that Alecia's back was adorned with a tattoo holding the key to deciphering the contents of the manuscript. As Jones was convinced that Dustin was, somehow, involved in the theft, he left for Rome together with Alicia, were they fell straight into the hands of Mussolini's fascists. Once again Sarducci had foiled Indy and stolen the Manuscript, which in reality turned out to be a map leading into the desert and an ancient and magnificent crypt, the Tomb of Hermes, containing the Philosopher's Stone. Meeting up with Sallah in Libya, the trio journeyed into the desert where, inside of a secret Italian military base, Indy found Alistair, who revealed that he had been working with the fascists all along. As Sarducci planned to execute Indy via firing squad, Libyan Prince Farqhuar saved him at the last minute. Surviving a sandstorm, Indy finally encoded the map on Alecia's back.

At the hiding place of the Philosopher's Stone, Indy and Alistair both swam down to retrieve it. Sarducci resurfaced, taking them prisoner. Opening the mechanism and activating the Stone, its mere touch came to melt Sarducci's entire body. Sacrificing his life, Alistair grabbed the stone and jumped back into the oasis. As Jones returned to the U.S. emptyhanded, he was told that the Crystal Skull he'd found in Honduras had also been stolen.

In June, Indy's cousin visited him for the summer and the two sailed to Horror Island in search of a priceless ebony idol. Indy and his cousin later helped a girl named Lilah Rogers search for her father who had went missing in the mountains of Tibet.[86]

The Dinosaur Eggs[]

Colonel Kroeger: "Tell me, why do you enjoy flirting with death?"
Indiana Jones: "It beats burning books on a Saturday night."
―Squabble at Forteresse Malevil.[src]

By October, Indy was intent on recovering the Crystal Skull of Cozan which he traced to René Belloq at his fortress home in France. Belloq took Jones captive with the assistance of the Daguerre brothers and dismissed Jones' offer to purchase the skull as he was awaiting a deal with members of the Nazi party. Jones escaped when Belloq was betrayed by the soldiers and he met up with Alecia on the shore as the German U-boat launched two torpedoes that destroyed Belloq's home. Alecia told Indy that she couldn't stand facing death every day and had decided to leave him.


In Mongolia.

Returning to Princeton University, Indy was persuaded by a beautiful missionary named Joan to search for her missing father, Professor Angus Starbuck, in Mongolia. Her father had discovered a dinosaur bone in the Gobi Desert, but the bone was from an animal recently deceased. During the adventure, Indy was then introduced to Wu Han in China and helped the young man regain his family's cremated ashes from gangster Lao Che. Wu Han subsequently joined Indy's team to the Gobi and they crossed from China through Mongolia where they found Starbuck's father living among a Stone Age civilization with a living Triceratops. Indy decided to return to the States but before leaving, a descendant of Genghis Khan suggested Indy may have been the reincarnation of Marco Polo.[87]

With the help of coordinates supplied by a vengeful Belloq, Indy went back on the trail of the skull, following the U-boat to a location off the coast of Denmark where it had sunk on its way to Berlin, killing the entire crew. Donning a diving suit, Jones found the vessel perched on a shelf overlooking a five-hundred-foot drop with the skull inside, but the submarine began to fall over the edge forcing Indy to abandon the skull in its container to escape in time. On the surface, he found the impact from the submarine had released several canister. Finding only oil in the drums he could recover, Jones watched as the weather took the remaining ones, skull included, out to sea.

Discovery of Ultima Thule[]

"You're a very old-fashioned man, Dr. Jones. A gallant man. I think you were born in the wrong century."
Ulla Tornaes[src]
Hollow earth

On the quest for Ultima Thule.

By early 1934 — increasingly desperate to reclaim the skull — Jones struck a deal with René Belloq trading a Navajo gold cache in exchange for a transmitter that could locate the skull when in appropriate range. While recovering the gold, he met a Danish adventurer named Ulla Tornaes. The pair journeyed to New Orleans during Mardi Gras to settle the deal with Belloq. While a truce was called for and the transaction took place, Belloq provided Indy with a unwanted bullet to the arm in addition to the coordinates with which he could find the skull's canister. Jones and Tornaes followed the coordinates to a location by the Iceland seaside, where they discovered a Nazi ship searching for a mystical island realm. The Agents murdered Alecia Dunstin, whom they held prisoner. It was also revealed the Germans had aquired the Crystal Skull, though they were later overcome by supernatural forces related to the fabled properties of Ultima Thule. Afterwards, the skull was finally returned to Jones' hands.[76]

In June, Jones discovered that Belloq had already excavated a spot in Saudi Arabia's Rub al-Khali Desert. A location which Indy had spent months planning to dig, in the hopes of discovering the remains of a nomadic culture pre-dating Christ.[18] The same month, Indy's cousin was visiting him again for the summer and the two travelled to Cairo, Egypt where they encountered the resurrection of an ancient cult.[88]

The Omega Book[]

"I prefer to rob my victims after they've been dead a few thousand years, not while they're still walking about."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Returning to Egypt.

While using the knife he had received from a descendant of Genghis Khan to locate the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, Jones was captured by the Japanese in China. With the aid of traveling magician Faye Maskelyne and her daughter, Mystery, Indy managed to escape and the archaeologist agreed to help the two locate the magician's missing husband who had been searching for the Omega Book. Discovering that they needed the Staff of Aaron to locate the fabled book, Jones obtained the expertise of his digger friend Sallah — with the trail leading them right to the Great Sphinx, where the book was found inside a chamber. Indy learned the fate of the missing magician written in the Omega Book and decided to reseal the chamber, believing the time was not right for its knowledge.[89]

Jones returned to his office at Princeton where he was met with correspondence from the Maskelynes, but also Barnett College with a job offer. After Marcus Brody had inquired as to Jones' possible knowledge of the ashes of Nurhachi, Indy replied that he first had to attend to matters of a significantly more urgent kind. He then decided to journey back to the city of Cozan in British Honduras to return the Crystal Skull to its original location in the Temple of the Serpent. He replaced the Crystal Skull on its altar in an effort to be free of the trouble the skull had brought.[89]

The Adventure Society[]

In Central America, the Adventure Society found a temple they believed to be El Dorado. At the request of Harold Oxley, Jones joined them, but the focus of his attention was the Calendar of the Sky in South America, thought to be able to create eclipses. Assisted by one of the Society's members, Jones and the recruit made individual searches for the two separate components that made up the full Calendar. Jones's hunt for the Solar Component led to the archaeologist running into another group searching for the Calendar headed by rival Forrestal.[90]


Jones with Sallah.

Jones and the Society worked together in the recovery of several artifacts. However, the group was being watched. The Society's camp was raided by a number of men in suits. Jones and the protegé of the Society's Professor John Allen paired up to track down the thieves but were separated in Cairo after Jones helped the adventurer catch a plane to follow the group. The protegé was carried to a warehouse in Nevada where powerful artifacts were being stored and the suits revealed that their raid was a test for Allen's group to show they were worth becoming their "top men". With Jones apparently unaware of the meeting, he continued to help the Adventure Society in further excavations.[90]

The Shrine of the Sea Devil[]

"Those years of practicing with my whip are about to pay off."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Surviving the Shrine Guardian.

Jones began 1935 in the South Pacific Ocean assisting the crew of the Julie Anne in helping find the Shrine of the Sea Devil, an underwater cavern holding large statues inlaid with pearl. When the ship was attacked by the shrine's guardian, Jones managed to survive, stranded alone on the sinking wreckage. A chance encounter with a low flying airplane allowed Jones to snag one of the plane's struts with some rope and he realised his rescuer was aviator Amelia Earhart. The pilot agreed to ferry Jones to the nearest ship before continuing her solo flight.[83]

The Emperor's Tomb[]

"In times like this, I realize that I should've kept that teaching job."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Indy got a hot tip about a certain artifact to be found on the island of Ceylon, now known as Sri Lanka. Ironically, it was Belloq that informed him of a rival that was after the same artifact; a mysterious German mercenary and adventurer by the name of Albrecht Von Beck. Making his way through a lost city, Indy located the artifact, called the Heart of Kouru Watu, in the middle of a sacred pool found within the ruins, guarded by an enormous albino crocodile. In a risky move, Indy baited the crocodile with his own body, and managed to trap him behind a large gate. He retrieved the artifact and got out of the water, just as the crocodile broke out of his cage. Unfortunately, Von Beck quickly caught up to Indy and forced him to relinquish the artifact at gunpoint. Indy agreed, but quickly took Von Beck by surprise, taking the artifact back and throwing the Nazi into the water with the crocodile. Indy escaped Ceylon with his life and the artifact.[91]


Visiting Prague.

Indy returned to Barnett College, where he was greeted by Marshall Kai Ti Chan and his assistant, Mei-Ying, secretly a government agent. They took and broke the Heart of Kouru Watu to reveal that it was actually the first piece of a larger, mystical three-piece artifact called the Mirror of Dreams. The tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, China's first Emperor, had been found and it could not be accessed without the complete Mirror of Dreams. There was yet another artifact rumored to be found within the tomb called the Heart of the Dragon, a flawless black pearl with the power to control the will of men. A superstitious Chinese populace had prohibited the excavation of the tomb, but the pearl still had to be recovered before it fell in the wrong hands, for the Nazis were also in pursuit of the artifact. Tempted by Kai's offer, Indy agreed to help enter the Emperor's Tomb once more.[91]

Indy traveled to a 15th-century alchemist's castle in Prague and recovered the second piece of the mirror, only to to be captured by a very much alive Von Beck (visibly scarred from the crocodile) and brought to a Nazi excavation of the fabled palace of Belisarius beneath a mosque in Istanbul. After escaping with help from Mei Ying, Indy made his way down into the ruins and defeated a kraken protecting the final piece of the mirror. Upon recovering the third piece, Indy demanded answers from Mei Ying, and she explained that Marshal Kai was actually a crime lord and leader of the Black Dragon Triad, the largest crime syndicate in all of China. They had formed an alliance with Von Beck and the Nazis to find the Heart of the Dragon, but Kai decided to betray the Germans after learning of Indy's exploits in Ceylon. The two travelled to Hong Kong to meet Jones' friend Wu Han. Unfortunately, Mei Ying was kidnapped by the Black Dragon Triad and all three pieces fell into Kai’s hands.[91]


Jones, Von Beck, with one of the Feng twins.

Jones and Wu Han traveled to Peng Lai in the South China Sea, where Kai's fortress was located. Indy infiltrated a Nazi submarine base on the island, but his cover was blown while using the facility's cable car. Making his way inside Kai's fortress, Indy discovered that Kai had learned of Mei Ying's betrayal and was planning to sacrifice her to the demon Kong Tien. Indy fought and defeated Kai's bodyguards, the Feng twins, only to fall through a trapdoor while trying to free Mei Ying. Fighting off evil spirits in the catacombs, Jones quickly found himself in an underground temple and recovered the Pa Cheng, an ancient Chinese weapon that Mei Ying said he would need within the tomb. Indy arrived in time to witness Kai combine all three pieces of the mirror and foiled the ritual.[91]

After rescuing Mei Ying from Kong Tien's control, Indy finally recovered the artifact and he, Mei Ying and Wu Han opened the emperor's tomb outside Xi'an. Inside they found many cunning traps, but Indy managed to avoid most of them using the Mirror of Dreams. Marshal Kai and the Black Dragon Triad soon caught up with the group and they fought within the tomb. Von Beck, realizing that he had been double-crossed, entered the tomb himself where he met his demise while chasing Indy. Jones located the emperor's crypt and took the pearl. However the power of the artifact was too much for Indy to handle and it overwhelmed him. Indy dropped the pearl and it rolled right to Kai, who could handle its power as a loyal servant of Kong Tien. Despite Kai's immense power, including summoning a dragon, Indy defeated Kai with the Pa Cheng, and the Heart of the Dragon fell harmlessly into the abyss.[91]

Dealings in Shanghai[]

"The diamond, Lao. The deal was for the diamond!"
―Indiana Jones[src]

In the aftermath, Jones had a brief relationship with Mei-Ying and reunited with Wu Han.[91] In front of the Gung Ho bar, in the place of Doves in Shanghai, he also found — attempting to pick his pocket — homeless Chinese orphan Wan Li. Having caught him with his whip, Jones decided to take him under his wing rather than execute any form of severe punishment. Introducing the boy to American baseball (the New York Giants, especially), teaching him several other useful things, such as driving — Indiana provided his newfound companion with the anglicized nickname Short Round. At one point, Jones travelled to the Himalayas with Wu Han and Short Round. There they found themselves attacked by nomad thieves during a yak ride.[92]

Later Indy was hired by the Chinese gangster Lao Che[13] (whom he had first met two years earlier)[87] to find the ashes of Nurhachi, the first emperor of the Manchu Dynasty. In exchange Jones would finally receive the Peacock's Eye – the diamond that had once belonged to Alexander the Great, which Indy had been searching for since 1919. Indy managed to obtain the ashes, but Lao Che — not willing to give up the diamond — sent his son Kao Kan to steal the ashes from Indy. A fight broke out, and Kao Kan returned empty-handed, having also lost his left forefinger.[13]


With the Eye of the Peacock.

Indy entered Lao Che’s nightclub Club Obi Wan to negotiate with the gangster. Following an impressive performance of Anything Goes in Mandarin by American singer Willie Scott, Jones sat down with Lao Che and his sons to close the deal. Indy delivered the urn containing the ashes, and demanded the diamond in return. Lao Che gave him the Peacock’s Eye, but started laughing diabolically as Indy drank from his glass of champagne. Lao Che demanded the diamond back, and in exchange he would provide Indy with the antidote to the poison he had just drunk. Jones, realizing it was a matter of life and death, grabbed Ms. Scott and held her by knifepoint, trying to bargain. Lao Che was not concerned for his lover’s life. Suddenly, the waiter — Wu Han in disguise — pointed his gun at Lao Che. As a champagne cork popped, Chen had Han shot with a hidden gun. Chocked, Indy turned to Wu Han, who died in his arms.[13]

Weakened from the poison, Jones hurled a skewered pigeon-flambé through Chen’s chest in revenge. As panic erupted, the bottle containing the antidote was cast away - as was the diamond. Indy tried desperately to catch the antidote, as Kao Kan and his mobsters attempted shooting him down with automatic weapons. Indy hid behind a giant gong, as Willie retrieved the antidote. Jones grabbed her hand, and together they leaped out of the window, landing in a car driven by Short Round. As Indy swallowed the antidote in the absolute nick of time, Short Round transported them to the local airport, where Indy’s contact Art Weber had managed to secure them seats on an airplane carrying live poultry. Indy failed to notice that the plane, in fact, belonged to Lao Che.[13]

The Temple of Doom[]

Short Round: "What is Sankara?"
Indiana Jones: "Fortune and glory, kid. Fortune and glory."
Mayapore, India.[src]

Airborne somewhere above India, Willie came to realize that the pilots had abandoned the plane, waking Indy up. Jones attempted to fly the plane, but with the engines dying, they were forced to exit the craft on an inflatable lifeboat. As they reached the ground, the lifeboat swept over the snowy mountainside, past a vast waterfall, and finally settled on a riverbank. There, Indy caught sight of an old man following them beside the river, and with that declared that they had entered India.[13]

Indiana jones temple xl 02--film-B

Jones and Willie arrive at the village of Mayapore.

Indy, Willie and Shorty accompanied the old man to the village of Mayapore. The village crops and wells had dried out, and no children were present. The old man, a shaman, and the village leader accepted Indy's request to supply them with a guide to lead the company to Delhi — but they would have to make a stop on the way — Pankot Palace. Indy, quite accurately, pointed out that Pankot was not on the way to Delhi, and the village elders explained how evil was again present at the palace, which had once been the center of activity for the Thuggee-cult worshipping the deity Kali with human sacrifices. The elders explained that their village formerly had been in possession of one of the so called Sankara Stones. The Thuggees had kidnapped the village’s children and stolen the holy stone, which had historically granted the village its fertility.[13]

Indy, Willie and Shorty sat off to Pankot, mounted on elephants. On the way, Indy caught Shorty cheating while they were playing poker, meanwhile Willie encountered several wild animals bringing her to a state of sheer panic. Finally, closing in on the gargantuan palace, Indy and the local guides stumbled onto an ancient statue depicting Kali. The statue appeared to be covered with fresh blood. The horrified guides left the travellers to fend for themselves. Indy, Willie and Shorty finished the rest of the journey on foot, and at the palace grounds, were greeted by the Pankot Prime Minister, Chattar Lal.[13]

Indy, Willie and Shorty later attended a dinner in honor of the local Maharadjah, a boy not much older than Short Round. While Willie was appalled with the primitive dishes they were offered, Indy conversed with Captain Phillip James Blumburtt of the English Army. Blumburtt briefed Indy on the history of the Thuggees, who were thought to have been wiped out by the British military a hundred years earlier. Jones recounted the story that the village elders had told him earlier; and that they claimed the Thuggees were active once again. Lal was insulted, and the Maharadjah, having overheard the conversation, claimed to be ashamed of the history of the Thuggee, and assured his guests that he would not allow them to flourish in his kingdom once more.[13]

Later, Indy and Willie flirted intensely with each other, but none of them could admit to their attraction for the other, concluding the brief courtship with another argument. Indy returned to his room, where he was attacked by an Indian assailant. Shorty threw Indy his whip, and the thug was strangled to death, as the whip was caught in the mechanical fan. Checking up on Willie’s room, they found her unharmed as well. Behind its stone wall they discovered a secret passageway leading to an underground tunnel. Indy and Shorty entered first, and found themselves in the midst of thousands of insects and different bugs of varying sizes. They were trapped in a confined space surrounded by both roof and floor filled with razor-sharp spikes. Shorty accidentally triggered a mechanism that made the roof move downwards. At the last second, Willie — by now almost scared to death by the sight of all the insects — was able to pull a break which prevented the roof from moving any further. The three then made their way through the tunnel, which eventually lead to a vast underground temple. They witnessed the Thuggee perform one of their occult rituals. The high priest, Mola Ram, using black magic, removed the heart from a helpless victim, and then lowered the man toward certain death in an underground river of molten lava.[13]

"You haven't been forced to drink the blood of Kali, or tortured with voodoo..."
―Indiana Jones putting his goddaughter in place, 1969.[src]
ToDevilindy large

Indiana Jones under the influence of the Black Sleep.

As the Thuggees left the temple ground, Indy approached the altar to collect the Sankara Stones. However, Willie and Shorty were captured, and Jones was also later caught. As Jones and Shorty were both tied up, Mola Ram shared the details of his plan to conquer the world – using the power of the sacred stones. Mola Ram forcibly fed Indy infected blood, which made him succumb to what was referred to as "the black sleep of Kali Ma".[13]

Awoken, Jones had become a shadow of his former self, now completely under the spell of Kali. Mola Ram let Indy prove his dedication to Kali by personally supervising the sacrifice of Willie. Willie tried to bring Indy back to his former self, but to no avail. The Thuggees started to lower Willie down, as Shorty, in frustration, burned Indy's flesh with the fire from a live torch. The pain brought Indy back from the magic spell, and together with Shorty, he fought off the surrounding Thuggees and was able to retrieve the missing stones. In the absolute nick of time, Indy managed to bring Willie back to the surface. Willie, thinking Indy was still under the spell, slapped him. Indy assured her that he was himself again.[13]

Determined to finish what he came there to do, Jones violently confronted the Thuggee slave drivers forcing the Mayapore children to continue digging the tunnel in search of the final Sankara stones. Together with Willie and Shorty, he had the children freed, and they, in turn, assisted the three in overthrowing the slavers. Indy was caught in a fight with a giant thug. The Maharajah, also revealed to be under the spell, held a voodoo-doll with the likeness of Indy in his hands, and stabbed it with a pin. Indy was struck with severe pain, and the thug briefly gained the upper hand. Shorty managed to subdue the Maharadjah, and pulled the pin out of the doll. He also was able to free the Maharadjah from his spell after burning him with a torch. Indy managed to defeat the thug, who was crushed to death at the end of a conveyor belt.[13]

Indy cuts bridge

Jones cuts the bridge.

The trio then made an attempt to escape on a mine car, but were pursued by Thuggees. Through skill and no small amount of luck, their followers were eventually overcome, with Indy able to stop the mine car with his feet, after its break had broken down. However, Mola Ram had released an enormous reservoir of water, which forced Indy, Willie and Shorty to take cover on the other side of the tunnel, by the edge of a cliff on the side of a deep ravine.[13]

"Mola Ram, prepare to meet Kali. In hell!"
―Indiana Jones[src]

Willie and Shorty started to cross the ravine on a crudely constructed tree-bridge, as Indy fought off another band of Thuggees. On the bridge, they soon found themselves surrounded by even more adversaries. Mola Ram demanded the stones. Indy — realizing he only had one option — used his newly acquired sword to cut through the bridge. Indy, Willie and Shorty desperately held on to one half of the bridge, as it collapsed onto the wall of the cliff. As they tried to climb back up, Mola Ram confronted Indy, and attempted to use his magic powers to pull the latter’s heart out. Indy started chanting in Indian, and by the apparent power of his words, the Sankara stones started to glow. As they burned through the bag that contained them, Mola Ram grabbed one of them, severly burning his hand. As it had cooled down, Indy snatched the stone, triumphantly declaring that Ram had betrayed Shiva. Mola Ram fell into the river, and was eaten alive by crocodiles. Captain Blumburtt and his 11th Poona Rifles arrived in time to overwhelm the remaining Thuggees. Indy reached the top of the cliff and was met by the relieved smiles of both Willie and Shorty, holding the final stone in his hands.[13]

Indy, Willie and Shorty returned to Mayapore, accompanied by the returning children. The crops had started to grow once again. The children were reunited with their parents, and Indy returned the stone to the village elders. Willie suggested Indy should keep it, as he had previously assured her that the motivation for his explorations were simply fortune and glory, but he decided against it. Dismayed at the horrid experiences they had survived to retrieve the Sankara Stones, Willie assured Indy she wouldn't follow him on any further adventures, but as he caught her with his whip, they embraced in a kiss.[13]

Temple of the Forbidden Eye[]

"Not bad... for tourists. Next time, you wear blindfolds, okay?"
―Indiana Jones[src]

At the Temple of the Forbidden Eye.

Leaving India, Jones pieced together several misplaced map fragments, eventually having him come across a shrine located at the Lost Delta in Bengal, dedicated to the deity Mara — believed to have been buried in a flood two thousand years previously. As the excavation fundings soon ran out, the extensive media coverage of the site's alleged promises of earthly riches, eternal youth and visions of the future, caused a great surge in tourism. Indy brought in old friend Sallah to run a tourist operation in the hopes of turning a profit.[93]

Following some correspondence he'd been having with Abner Ravenwood, Jones came to believe that the temple's power source — known as the "Jewel of Power" — was located within an immense cavern beyond the Gates of Doom. Indiana ventured inside the temple to uncover its hidden heart. As one week had passed with no further sign of Jones, Marcus Brody asked Sallah to continue conducting the tours in the hope they could locate him. With Sallah allowing the tourist groups access to the Fountain of Eternal Youth, the Chamber of Earthly Riches and the Observatory of the Future respectively, some of the visitors got into serious trouble when gazing at the legendary face of Mara — being plunged into the unknown depths beneath the temple. As the tourist group approached a dark area, Jones suddenly reappeared above their vehicle hanging on a rope in a shaft of light. Having overcome a final obstacle in the shape of a rolling boulder, Indy and the temple visitors remained unschathed.[93]

After placing Short Round in an American boarding school, Indy visited an old school buddy in Maine and then sat off to London, in search of the missing headband from a Celtic crown. Jones then resigned his position at Princeton University and returned to Marshall College in Connecticut, being assigned archaeological teaching duties. So he'd reside close to work, Indy relocated to a house in the city of Bedford. In time Jones would come to be considered highly popular with students, in spite of some unorthodox methods and his frequent absences.[94] Certain colleagues, such as J. Saunders and Charles Kennedy would bear differing views on Jones' professionalism or lack thereof.[95]

"The cup! Solid gold. Encrusted with jewels. Stolen from a mosque in Persia during the sixteenth century and lost ever since."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Jones in Transylvania.

In Washington DC, Indy and a young summer intern at the National Museum met with a European archaeologist named Mihail Tepes. Mihail was the last living member of the Royal Romanian family of Dracula. Mihail believed that his ancestor, the bloodthirsty Prince Vlad still lived as a result of drinking from the Cup of Djemsheed, a solid gold, jewel-encrusted cup stolen from a mosque in Persia during the sixteenth century and lost ever since. Indy, Mihail and the intern travelled to Romania and visited castle Dracula in search of the cup.[96]

By early 1936, Indy received an ancient alchemy book in the mail which provided clues as to the location of another Philosopher's Stone. Reunited with old friend Marya Smirnova, he discovered an underground installation run by Joost van Meert of the University of Rotterdam.[97]

The Tomb of the Gods[]

"You blew my hat off. I hate that."
―Indiana Jones to Alex Beresford-Hope.[src]

In late May 1936, Jones was contacted by one Henrik Mellberg, however by the time he arrived at Mellberg's Manhattan apartment, Nazi agents — led by Friedrich von Hassell — had him seized and interrogated. A maid interrupted, allowing Jones to free Mellberg from the confines of a hidden room and escape to the top of the roof. After Mellberg was fatally shot he left his part of a certain key in Jones' possession. Jones was then held at gunpoint by the maid, who was actually treasure hunter Janice Le Roi, and forced him to give it to her.


Brody and Jones at Lhasa.

In early June, Jones and Marcus Brody travelled to Tibet to track down Francis Beresford-Hope, one of Mellberg's colleagues. While inspecting the lunatic writings in his dwelling cave, Alex Beresford-Hope, now protecting his dead father's secret, threw some dynamite at Indiana and Brody because he expected them to be Nazis. The two archaeologists survived, confronted Beresford-Hope, and managed to clear up the misunderstanding. As Tibetan bandits attacked, the three escaped aboard Jock Lindsey's plane to Shanghai. The junior Beresford-Hope provided them with his father's piece of the key, which happened to contain a map with the directions to the tomb's location in Siberia.

Brody tried to convince Jones to give up the search, because the secrets locked behind this key were beyond human history. Jones disagreed, and set off with Beresford-Hope on a freighter bound for the Arctic Ocean to uncover the knowledge of the Tomb of the Gods. While stopping in Japan, Jones and Beresford-Hope were captured by von Hassell and Le Roi, now working for the Nazis. With all three pieces of the key in his possession, von Hassell placed Jones in a worned out rowboat, betrayed Le Roi by cutting her arm and tossing her in with Jones, setting them adrift without oars.

Jones tended to Le Roi's wound, but sharks were already being drawn to the wreck. In a desperate attempt to create a signal, Jones lit a small fire using his and Le Roi's shirts. Before the sharks could devour them, they were rescued by Brody on a whaling ship. Aboard the ship, Jones had Le Roi locked up, unwilling to trust her. Reaching the Siberian coast, Jones let her free when she revealed that she'd hidden a copy of the map taken from the two pieces that von Hassell had collected. Combined with a copy of the map that Jones had made from the Beresford-Hope piece, Jones, Brody, and Le Roi set out on dogsled to catch up with von Hassell. Taking a shortcut across an ice bridge, they caught up with von Hassell's sledges, and Jones tried to rescue Beresford-Hope. A lightning strike caused the ice cover to open, and both teams fell into the chasm.

Jones siberia

Jones in Siberia.

Jones slid into an underground passageway and was found by Le Roi, who informed him that Brody was now a captive of the Ahnenerbe group. In secret, Jones and Le Roi followed von Hassell and his men into the vast Tomb of the Gods. When von Hassell ordered Beresford-Hope to open the Tomb's doors or face death, Jones guessed that the younger man would give into his own curiosity, and was shocked when Beresford-Hope refused, and was quickly cut down by von Hassell's blade. When several members of the Ahnenerbe group were possessed by the chamber voices and opened fire on the rest of their colleagues, Jones swung onto the scene in order to save Brody, kicking down a blonde gunman, and punching out a bald attacker, before trying to assist Brody with his satchel of dynamite. The pair were then saved from a third gunman by Le Roi. Von Hassell used the key to open the massive doors, and entered the vault. Taking Brody's dynamite, Jones followed him inside. Von Hassell attempted to cut Jones, trying to get him to admit that they were both in the quest for the new knowledge. Jones agreed, but sought vengeance for Beresford-Hope's death, and to prevent the Nazis from uncovering the secrets. He dropped von Hassell into the pit, igniting the dynamite and throwing it in the pit as well. Running from the vault, Jones gathered up Brody and Le Roi and fled from the tomb before it collapsed from the explosion. Resting for a second, Jones was congratulated by Brody, and embraced by Le Roi, who was a little disappointed in the lack of treasure.

Search for the Golden Idol[]

Indiana Jones: "Too bad the Hovitos don't know you the way I do, Belloq."
René Belloq: "Yes, too bad. You could warn them, if only you spoke Hovitos."
―Jones humiliated by his archnemesis.[src]

Only a short time later, several golden Chachapoyan figurines began to surface at the antiquities market. This made Jones suspicious. All evidence pointed to rival Princeton archaeologist Forrestal. Indy had recently acquired a part of an ancient map detailing the route to the Indian temple, and by September travelled to Peru, attempting to locate the overgrown temple with the assistance of some South American contacts. Another part of the map was in the possession of the unreliable Peruvian guides Satipo and Barranca. Fully aware that they couldn't be trusted, Indy made a deal with them anyway, as he needed their portion of the map.[1]

As Jones and the guides slowly approached the temple, Barranca commited a feeble attempt at killing him. Jones disarmed the bandit with the help of his whip. He then discovered the temple with Satipo in tow. When they entered the ancient structure, they soon came to realize that the Chachapoyan Indians had designed several lethal traps that one had to pass through alive in order to obtain the treasure. The entrance, for instance, was occupied by a nest of giant tarantulas. Soon Jones also discovered how Forrestal had met his end, when a bed of wooden spikes shot out from the tunnel wall with the remains of the rival archaeologist on it.[1]

Golden Idol grab

Indy readies himself to grab the idol.

Several obstacles later, Indy finally reached the chamber wherein the Chachapoyan Fertility Idol stood waiting. The disk that held the Idol was pressure-sensitive, and therefore Indy made an attempt to replace the artifact with a bag of sand. He realized, all too late, that his weight estimate had been wrong when the idol's pedestal receded into its table, and the temple walls started collapsing. Indy eluded numerous poison darts that shot from the walls, as Satipo used the bullwhip to swing to the other side of the chasm. Satipo demanded that Indy toss him the idol in exchange for the whip. Indy passed Satipo the idol, but the guide betrayed him and dropped the whip out of the archaeologist's reach. With great difficulty, Jones jumped to the other side of the chasm and crawled under a stone slab before it slammed shut. He then found Satipo impaled on the same spikes that had killed Forrestal. Seconds later, Indy had to run away from an enormous boulder which fell from the ceiling.[1]

Jones exited the temple alive, only to find himself surrounded by a group of armed Hovitos, under the influence of none other than his archenemy René Emile Belloq, who had been able to track him thanks to Barranca, who, mere moments before, was fatally injured by the Hovitos poisoned darts for violating their land, just as Indy had done. Belloq snatched the Idol from Jones' hands, but as he turned to show it to the natives, they fell to their knees and Indy seized the opportunity to escape. The Hovitos pursued Indy, but he was just able to make it to the shore of the river where his pilot, Jock Lindsey, was waiting to fly them away to safety.[1]

The Ark of the Covenant[]

Major Eaton: "Doctor Jones, we've heard a lot about you."
Indiana Jones: "Have you?"
Major Eaton: "Professor of Archaeology, expert on the occult, and how does one say it... obtainer of rare antiquities."
―Meeting with Government officials.[src]
Indy lecturer

Lecturing at Marshall College.

Jones returned to Marshall College, and as the year's first lecture for "Archaeology 101" finished,[98] explained to Marcus Brody that he had failed to recover the Idol, though claiming that he could recover it later in Marrakesh, where he expected Belloq to have loaded the Chachapoyan relic off. Brody, however, informed Indy that a couple of Army Intelligence men were waiting for him. As Indy went to see them, they shared the confidential information that they recently had intercepted a secret Nazi message sent from Cairo to Berlin. The communique went on to state that a large scale dig at Tanis was proceeding, but that an object referred to as the Headpiece to the Staff of Ra had yet to be found. The name of Abner Ravenwood, Indy's former mentor, was also mentioned.[1]

The Intelligence officers, Eaton and Musgrove, hoped that Jones could help them decipher the meaning of the intel. Indy and Brody went on to describe Prof. Ravenwood, his obsession with the city of Tanis and the Staff of Ra, and how those two elements were connected to the legend of the Ark of the Covenant - the golden chest in which Moses and the Hebrews were said to have kept the stone tablets containing the Ten Commandments that were gifted to them from God. In theory, the Headpiece was to be placed on a staff (with an unknown height) and when placed in the correct position within the Well of the Souls, would pinpoint the exact location of the Ark. Indy was assigned by the Secret Service operatives to locate the Ark before the Nazis could. Indy examined Ravenwood's old journal, which he still had in his possession. It's final entry mentioned the country of Nepal as a possible location for clues to the whereabouts of the Ark. Indy decided to begin the quest by travelling to Nepal to look for his former mentor.[1]

Marion Ravenwood: "Indiana Jones... Always knew, someday, you'd come walking back through my door. I never doubted that. Something made it inevitable. So, what are you doing here in Nepal?"
Indiana Jones: "I need one of the pieces your father collected."
The Raven, Patan.[src]
Indy and marion

Reunited with Marion.

In Nepal, Indy met up with his old friend, Lin-Su, who informed him that Ravenwood was last seen in the region of Patan. Lin-Su loaned Indy his car.[18] The leads led Jones to a pub in the remote mountain village of Patan called The Raven, but Abner was nowhere to be found. Unexpectedly, Indy was instead reunited with Abner's daughter (and his own former girlfriend) Marion. Marion appeared to be equally delighted and disturbed by his return, as he had once romanced her when she was, in her own words, "just a child". Jones wanted to know if she knew where the Headpiece to the Staff of Ra could be found. Marion instructed Indy to return the following day. Just as he had left another interested party arrived, led by the sinister Gestapo agent Arnold Ernst Toht. When Toht was about to torture Marion for information regarding the elusive Headpiece, Indy suddenly reappeared. Eventually, Jones and Marion managed to overcome the thugs. As the bar burnt to the ground, Toht spotted the Headpiece in the surrounding snow, but the increasing fire had warmed it to the extent that it burned his hand. Marion, having lost her bar and only source of income, provided Indy with the Headpiece (which she had kept hidden all this time), and drunkenly declared that she intended to be his partner for the remainder of the perilous journey.[1]

The next stop was Cairo, Egypt, where the pair stayed at the residence of Indy's old friend Sallah. Sallah informed Indy that Belloq was leading the Nazi-founded excavation of the Well of Souls. Indy assured Sallah that Belloq wouldn't find the Ark without the Headpiece. In the busy streets of Cairo, Jones and Marion found themselves ambushed by several Egyptians in the employ of Nazis. An elongated chase, which included having Indy resort to shooting the Arab Swordsman who had challenged him, and Marion hiding inside of a basket, finally concluded when the basket was grabbed by Nazi agents and put in a truck. Indy opened fire at the truck, not knowing that it was full of explosives, which ultimately resulted in its fiery destruction. Indy mourned the apparent death of Marion, and drunkenly confronted Belloq at a local bar. Belloq claimed that he and Jones really weren't too different from each other and that archaeology was their religion.[1]


In the Map Room.

Later, Indy and Sallah visited the scholar Imam, who translated the ancient inscriptions on the Headpiece. They soon came to realize that the Nazis only had obtained a copy of one side of the Headpiece. The Nazis lacked the back side, which contained instructions on how to produce a staff one kadam shorter than what the front side of the headpiece had said, in order to honor the hebrew God whose Ark it was.[1]

Indy and Sallah visited the dig site in the desert, and witnessed the Nazis failing attempts to uncover the Ark, as they were continually digging in the wrong place. Indy entered the Map Room, where a miniature model of the city of Tanis could be found. Using his own staff (with the correct length) — letting a beam of sunlight pass through the crystal in the headpiece — the exact spot where the Ark was, in fact, buried was revealed.[1]

Indiana Jones: "Snakes. Why'd it have to be snakes?"
Sallah Mohammed Faisel el-Kahir: "Asps... very dangerous. You go first."
―Descending into the Well of Souls.[src]

By accident, Indy stumbled into the very tent in which the still alive Marion was being kept. He decided that he'd better leave her there until later, so that his presence would not be discovered. At sundown, Indy and Sallah's group of diggers started digging. As night fell, they finally touched upon a solid structure. Below it lay the entrance to the Well of the Souls. Indy was the first to climb down the rope, but to his horror fell into the middle of a pit filled with thousands of poisonous snakes. Jones eventually located the Ark, and carrying it on large large wooden poles, brought it back to the surface with the assistance of Sallah. There was, however, no time to escape as Belloq and his men had managed to spot them by the time the sun went up. Sallah was captured, and Marion was thrown down the pit to accompany Indy in the underground well. As the entrance was sealed, Indy and Marion had to fight their way through the hundreds of snakes while desperately trying to find another way out. Using a large statue of Anubis to break the wall down, the pair managed to find a way out.[1]

Indy cobra

Face to face with a poisonous cobra.

Outside the structure, they witnessed the Nazis preparing to fly the Ark to Berlin aboard an advanced aircraft. Indy improvised the plan to hijack the craft, but he was spotted by some Germans. As Indy fought off an enormous German mechanic, Marion tried to get the plane started. The craft exploded due to leaked gasoline while Jones subdued his adversary. The Nazis were then forced to transport the Ark to Cairo by truck. Indy then mounted a white horse and proceeded to pursue them. An intense chase erupted, which finally concluded when Indy managed to gain control of the truck holding the Ark, and thanks to Sallah's connections in Cairo, the company managed to slip away unnoticed.[1]

"I'm making this up as I go."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Indy and Marion hid the Ark aboard the freighter Bantu Wind, whose captain, Simon Katanga, was an acquintance of Sallah's. However, it took not long for the Nazis to locate them, reclaim the Ark, and kidnap Marion. Indy was able to escape, and, in secret, swam aboard the German submarine, which took them to a hidden military station, on a solitary island somewhere in the Mediterranean Sea. Knocking out a German soldier and stealing his costume, Indy followed the Nazis on foot, to a secretly prepared outdoor altar where they finally planned to open the Ark. Indy claimed he would blow up the Ark with a bazooka unless Marion was set free, but Belloq called his bluff and Jones was also captured.[1]

Indy and Marion were bound to a pole placed close to the altar. As Belloq began his Jewish recitations, the Ark was opened. The insides appeared filled with nothing but desert sand. Soon the haunting silence was broken by an odd buzzing sound. Smoke and fog started to erupt from within the Ark, and what appeared to be heavenly spirits, or angels, soon rose and started levitating above the equally fascinated and horrified onlookers. Indy bluntly instructed Marion to keep her eyes shut. As Belloq's excitement grew, the angels suddenly changed shapes into what appeared to be ghoulish demons. As the desperate Nazis panicked and screamed in horror, they were all consumed and destroyed by lightning of fire coming from the Ark. The wrath of God had silenced those who had dared to gaze at the secrets of the Ark. The immense storm sprung all the deceased bodies towards the sky. Then the storm diminished, and it was quiet again.[1]

Jones and Ravenwood returned to America. In Washington D.C., Brody and Jones met up with the Army Intelligence officials who had entrusted them with the secret mission. The officers promised that the Ark would be thoroughly researched by "top-men". Jones felt disillusioned, feeling that the government agents didn't comprehend or respect the vast powers that the Ark beheld. Outside the government offices, Indy was met up by Marion, who offered him a consolation drink.[1]

Further adventures[]

Marcus Brody: "Indiana, if you weren't the most popular archaeology teacher on the faculty... If you didn't bring in thousands of dollars in grants every year..."
Indiana Jones: "You'd fire me!"
―A brief walk and talk, in the halls of Marshall College.[src]

A journey to Mexico found Jones working to prevent Nazi Plebinheim and his SS entourage from releasing the power of the Mazatec Power Key.[99] Charlie Dunne — whom Indiana had considered to be his best student ever — returned to Marshall College, claiming to have found the Ikons of Ikammanen, only to be killed by an unknown assassin shortly thereafter. Indy travelled to Krikambo to meet Charlie's sister, Edith. There, Indy and Edith were forced to find the ikons for Solomon Black. The pair were successful but Black's ship was attacked by a Nazi sub allowing Indy and Edith to escape with the remaining ikon.[100]

Escorting Dunne and the ikon home aboard a plane the month later, Jones confronted her about the death of her brother. Indy discovered that it was in fact Edith who had organized the murder of Charlie by her lover, the plane's pilot, Jerry, to take all the credit for the find. Jones recited the inscription on the ikon, a formula to bring vengeance to the wicked, and the statue came to life. While Edith and Jerry were occupied by the approaching ikon, Jones took a parachute and directed the place to fly out over the Atlantic Ocean. He exited the plane and abandoned the pair to their fate.[100] Jones floated down to a mountain below and found a man named Prospero, claiming to be four-hundred-years old, and his "two-hundred-year old" grandson kept alive by an elixir of immortality. The three were chased by suspicious locals, while at the same time trying to prevent the US Army from burying the spring Prospero needed to distill the elixir. When the spring ended up lost under the collapse of the Devil's cradle, Indy and Prospero went their separate ways.[101]

Indy went on to join the Gateway Project in England where a crystal cylinder had been discovered within one of Stonehenge's monoliths. Working with Professor Karen Mays, Indy learned the Nazis were also after the discovery's secret: the cylinder was the key to a dimensional gateway. The Nazis stole the artifact and tried to summon the Netherworld beings from that plain, but were prevented when Indy reluctantly destroyed the cylinder.[102][103]

63209 161955757181023 6068849 n

With Marion in Congo.

With Indiana as a silent partner, Marion Ravenwood used her money to invest in The Raven's Nest nightclub in Manhattan, but the opening night festivities, were disrupted. While Marion suspected local gangster Emil Marko, but the pair later caught their interior decorator, Jamal, sabotaging the club he had been using as a cover for smuggling artifacts. Like The Raven before it, The Raven's Nest ended up destroyed in the fire that broke out during a brawl between Jones and Jamal, and the decorator was killed while trying retrieve the artifacts.[104] Indy went on to return a Piute Summoning Stone stolen from the National Museum by international artifact thieves led by Ian McIver. In the process, Jones acquired a map detailing the movements of the Shintay, a clan who were supposedly an offshoot of the people from Atlantis.

Joined by Ravenwood, the pair travelled to Africa looking for relics related to the Shintay. They ran into a group of Nazis headed by Curt Vogel, and Ian McIver, but all were captured by the Shintay. Vogel tried to take possession of a crystal power orb in the Shintay citadel, and the place was entirely destroyed with only Indy, Marion and McIver surviving the ordeal.[105]

Indiana Jones: "You reckon it was luck that we rented a truck loaded with camel straw?"
Sallah Mohammed Faisel el-Kahir: "It was karma, Indy. Very good karma!"
―Fleeing the black market of Marrakesh.[src]

Sallah later assisted Indy in successfully recover the gold Chachapoyan fertility idol René Belloq had placed on the black market in Marrakesh. Jones returned it to Marcus Brody and the National Museum only to have it stolen again by Xomec, a descendant of Chachapoyan warriors. Jones chased Xomec to Manaus, Brazil, to recover it where he met Ilsa Toht, who was trying to take vengeance on Jones for the death of her brother. Indy managed to retake the idol, but Ilsa was lost at sea.[106]


Indiana and Sallah recover the Golden Idol.

In Australia, following the finding of an Arnhem cult calendar ring, Indy met artifact collector Ben Ali Ayoob who requested Jones find him the Fourth Nail used in the crucifixion of Christ. Indy declined the offer, but decided to go after the nail himself on behalf of the National Museum. Indy went to Barcelona, where he met up with Marion, now the National Museum's public relations officer. Indy eventually came upon the fourth nail, but Ismailis working for Ayoob tried to steal the relic and were instantly killed, which prompted Indy to leave without it.[107]

Taking his advanced archaeology students on an expedition of caves once inhabited by Hopi Indians, Jones and his class were confronted by a pair of armed men claiming to be from the Bureau of Indian Affairs warning the class to stay away. Suspicious, Indy snuck off after dusk to investigate, and found that the maze of caverns was being converted into a sophisticated criminal hideout by an unscrupulous entrepreneur named Busby Giles. To ensure Indy's silence, Busby kidnapped one of his students, Lucy Giles. Indy mounted a rescue, only to discover that Lucy was Busby's daughter. The police arrived on the scene and, after a foiled attempt to flee by plane, Busby and Lucy were carted away in handcuffs.[108]

When the National Museum's disgruntled accountant, Harvey Pondexter, discovered a trunk filled with strange armor and mysterious bones, hidden in the basement by the Museum's former curator, Pondexter stole the artifacts and Indiana and Marion gave chase. They engaged the increasingly unhinged accountant at the Sea Vista Hotel, where a scuffle on a balcony ended with Pondexter falling to his death.[109]

Through aerial photography, Indiana Jones discovered evidence of a lost Chinese temple in the Aleutian Islands. He met up Simon Katanga in Panama City and arranged passage to the islands on Katanga's ship, the Bantu Wind. A band of pirates, led by Emerelda Vasquez, followed in a stolen American military submarine. At the temple, the pirates stole the Chinese treasure along with the Bantu Wind, leaving Jones and Katanga for dead. Indy and Katanga escaped from the island, hijacked the pirate submarine, and pursued Vasquez out to sea. In the ensuing battle, Vasquez traded places with Jones and Katanga, and took control of the sub just as a Japanese warship entered the fray. The Japanese targeted the submarine, sending Vasquez to a watery grave, and Jones and Katanga returned to the States on the Bantu Wind with the temple treasure in the ship's hold.[110]

Indiana Jones: "Come on, Marion, Abner died in that avalanche in the Himalayas!"
Marion Ravenwood: "And if he didn't? I have to know, Indy."
―Arriving at Knossos.[src]

On suspicions Abner Ravenwood was still alive, Indy and Marion travelled to the island of Crete, Greece, looking for one of Abner's former colleagues named Bill Kershaw. The man directed the pair to Andre Lafonte, another ex-partner, who possessed a map to Ra-Lundi. Marion stole the map, and she and Indy traveled to Ra-Lundi to find the city was heated and protected by F'han-Tal, a glowing meteorite with the power to heal. However, prolonged exposure to the stone for more than a day caused total dependence on it. With the help of a mysterious masked man whom Marion suspected was her father, Jones destroyed the stone, releasing the city's people from their addiction.[111]

Indy dragon

Pursued by a dragon.

Jones headed for Japan following a letter he received from Professor Kobayashi revealing a frozen dragon had been discovered in the Himalayas and that the Japanese military was planning on controlling it. Jones freed the creature and helped return it to its home.[112] The National Museum's Arnhem calendar ring was later replaced with a fake by arms dealer Joan Soto, and Marcus Brody took the fall. Indy, Brody and Marion traveled to Havana to question Soto and learned he was working for Ben Ali Ayoob. To find Ayoob, the three went to Welsh village Merthyr Tydfil looking for Austin 'Cutter' Coleridge, an old college friend of Brody, who they believe could help. Ayoob had hired Coleridge to unearth the Lucifer Chamber, rumored to be the gateway to hell, and obtain the fabled 'Devil's Heart', an amulet said to contain the very soul of Satan. However, Coleridge, believed that the chamber was the gateway to a city of gold at the center of the earth, Agharta. Coleridge broke through the doorway but was absorbed by an unknown force that destroyed the chamber. Indy, Marion and Marcus continued on to Switzerland to retrieve the Arnhem ring from Ayoob. Ayoob was vaporized by the Devil's Heart. Indy recovered the Arnhem ring and the group returned to Connecticut.[113]

Jones, with the assistance of a Gold Star Films crew, then pursued the crown of Rurick — proof that Vikings had sailed as far away as the South Pacific — to the island where it was last seen: Kaloo. The island was under the control of self-proclaimed ruler Lord Harry. Jones managed to recover the crown and joined the crew in escaping the island but the relic was revealed to be a fake.[114] Following the attack by a gang led by archaeologist Sigfried Klexx. Jones infiltrated their ship, the Capricorn Queen and there he rescued a prisoner on board named Julia Valdez. However, Klexx captured them both and attempted to use Julia in a deadly ceremony at an ancient structure in Central America. Indy managed to escape and rescue Julia, and the building's self-destruction killed their kidnappers.[115]

On behalf of the American Institute for Natural History, Indiana was sent as a translator for Jessie Hale, researching Incan artifacts in the Andes mountains, who uncovered a stone tablet that she believed would lead her to the mythical city of El Dorado. Ivar Reiss, spurned son of wealthy industrialist Edgard Reiss, got wind of the discovery and followed Jones to Peru. Reiss held the archaeologists captive, intending to claim the gold of El Dorado for himself. After translating the tablet, Jones and Hale escaped to the location specified in the ancient writing, near Escarta, Bolivia, where the pair found a golden temple. Reiss caught up to them, and the group discovered that the temple was a fake, created by the Incas as a trap for the Spanish conquistadors. Indy secretly sprung the trap and triggered an earthquake that killed Reiss and his henchmen.

"Aw, gosh, Indy, I'd rather stay with you. School no fun."
Short Round[src]
RCO007 1470453856

Rescued by Short Round.

Returning to Marshall College, Jones found a note left by Marion informing him that she had to get away and demanded that he not go looking.[116] Later, Short Round rescued Indy from a pirate attack in the Caribbean, where Indy had hoped to find evidence of Atlantis. Back at Marshall College, Elizabeth Cody — granddaughter of 'Buffalo Bill' Cody — asked for Indy's assistance in recovering a pair of antique revolvers stolen days earlier by Russian count, Alexander Salkovich. With the encouragement of Efram Decker from the State Department, Indy and Cody traveled to the Ukraine to hunt down Salkovich and the guns. They were met by a band of Cossacks, whose aging leader Uri Rostoff claimed to have lost the revolvers to Buffalo Bill in a sharpshooting contest decades earlier. Rostoff offered to help recover the guns, as long as Cody agreed to stand in for her grandfather in a rematch. Indy, Cody, and their Cossack allies stormed Salkovich's fortress and retrieved the guns; Salkovich died in the battle and Cody let Rostoff win the sharpshooting contest, and Rostoff died satisfied that his honor had been restored.[117]

Jones was asked by a student of Dr. Arthur Hecht, Alec Sutherland, to help carry on Hecht's work. Investigating the Tower of Tears in Iran, one of the seven fabled towers scattered across the globe that harbored sorcerers who intent on chanting the world to destruction, Indy and Alec found a sorcerer who claimed to be the only one died in an explosion.[118]

Indy traveled to San Francisco to pick up the mummified remains of a Chinese emperor, transported from China on the Ocean Pearl, captained by Indy's old friend Peter Hale. Rival gangs laid claim to the coffin: the Tongs: led by Shih Ho, who objected to what he considered the desecration of his ancestors, and the IRA: who claimed the coffin contained guns they hired Hale to smuggle in from China. The coffin was revealed to contain the body of Patrick McManus, the Irish group's operative in China. IRA leader Michael Cobb vowed to recover the guns, and demanded that Hale travel with him to China. Concerned for her brother's safety, Hale's sister Jessie convinced Indy to take his place.

Indy and Cobb traveled up the Hwang River, and were intercepted by armed guards near arms dealer Weng Ho's headquarters. Once captured, the pair were confronted by Ho himself, who revealed plans to overthrow the Chinese government. An explosion from a bomb planted earlier by Cobb frightened away Ho's men, and Ho retreated to a maze of subterranean caverns. Jones and Cobb followed and found Ho cowering near the ornate coffins of his ancestors. Shots were fired, leaving Ho dead and Cobb mortally wounded. Before he expired, Cobb made Indy promise to get Ho's guns to the IRA. Indy had second thoughts, however, and ended up destroying all the weapons before arranging for the priceless coffins' transportation back to the States.[119]

By Jones's return from China, it was 1937. The archaeologist's plane crashed in Washington, where he met big game hunter 'Congo' Kate Crawford, who was hunting for Bigfoot. Her guide, Robert Thundercloud, was accused by Sheriff Hyatt of murdering a bartender in town. It was revealed that Hyatt was actually a spy for the Japanese and Thundercloud an agent for the FBI.[120] Later, a young woman, posing as Miss Victoria Keith of the British Museum, used Indy to gain access to the National Museum. There, Keith — later identified as a thief for hire named Amanda Knight — stole an amulet related to Hecht's seven sorcerers and escaped by with it plane to the United Kingdom. Indy followed Knight to England where Scotland Yard directed him to the Orkney Islands north of Scotland. There Indy found Amanda and that she had stolen the amulet for Ian Soames, a local lighthouse keeper was revealed to be one of the seven sorcerers. Jones faced off against Soames and in the process Soames' lighthouse was destroyed and Soames was lost. Jones returned with the amulet to Connecticut.[121] Later, the same year, Jones took a new teaching job at Barnett College in New York.

The Arms of Gold[]

"I never stole a find in my life!"
―Indiana Jones[src]

Having survived an attempt on his life in New Delhi, Jones returned to Barnett College to learn from Marcus Brody that he had lost the "Archaeology 101" course to one Professor Francisca Uribe Del Arco. By complete accident the two later stumbled onto each other on the street, damaging Jones' clothes in the process. Accompanying Francisca to her home, the two were then ambushed by unknown assailants, but unexpected help came in the shape of student Winchester with friends. Francisca had been sent a package from her brother containing what appeared to be a finger of gold, part of an ancient artifact of Incan origin called Chimu Taya Arms of Cuzco, which presumably possessed the ability to shape stones. Despite the fact that the semester was nearing its end, Jones decided to accompany Francisca on an expedition to find her brother Felipe.[122]


Jones locates the Arms of Gold.

In Buenos Aires, Jones was introduced to Professor Julio Huertas, an old friend of the Uribe family, who knew nothing of Felipe's present whereabouts. Continuing searching for clues, Jones and Francesca were told that Felipe had spent a lot of time studying the diary of Vasco de la Posco. Breaking into the museum at night, the two found a hidden map inside the diary, pointing to the Peruvian border. When they were about to board a ship, they were attacked by a group of primitive natives called 'the soldiers of the sun', who demanded the map. Jones reacted by swallowing it. In need of another kind of transport, the two professors were flown by aviator Antoine D'Espere. Bad weather conditions forced Jones and Francesca to jump out of the plane with parachutes. Later they were found by locals, and taken to a temple, where they found Felipe, who revealed to Jones that he and Francesca had planned to kill him all along, in remembrance of their late father, who had told them that Indy had taken the credit for discovering the Pu-Abi Harp in Iraq fifteen years earlier. Felipe also revealed his plans of claiming control over Peru with the help of his Neo-Incan empire, using the arms of gold to destroy all threats against their power. Jones was left behind to be sacrificed on top of an Andes mountain, proclaiming that he never once had stolen a find in his life.[122]

Using Hindi body-control, Indy managed to escape. Close to freezing to death, Jones beheld a spectre guiding him to a baby llama, which in turn lead him to a small village. Following the instructions on the map, Indy acquired the assistance of some locals, and started digging into the ground next to a large lake. Inside of a vast underground chamber, Jones located the Arms of Gold, but was then confronted by a group of men led by Major Claude Reed-Whitby who were also searching for the treasure. A fight erupted between Whitby's men and the Incas. Felipe and Francesca arrived, with the latter having been drugged so as not be able to protest to her brother's plans. The Incas initiated an ancient ritual, which was suddenly interrupted by an earthquake. Felipe was killed, but Indy and Francesca managed to escape with their lives intact.[122]

In August, Jones recovered the shield of Perseus from an ancient sunken ship while diving off the coast of Greece, in the presence of several news reporters. Etched on the artifact was a fragmented message by Perseus concerning the Eye of the Fates, a magic crystal said to have been a gift from the gods to three blind women which could predict the future. Though the archaeologist was willing to dismiss its abilities as myth, he decided to follow the shield's clues in search of the crystal itself, spurned on by the knowledge that the story circulated by the media would entice others seeking the power of prognostication.[123]

That same year Jones and Marion Ravenwood were back together.[3] Their rekindled relationship developed and the two were engaged to be married but Jones had second thoughts. He decided that Ravenwood wouldn't want to be married to a man who would be away half the time and wanted to spare her the hurt of a lonely life.[65][124] They broke up a week before the wedding some time after the fall of 1937.[125] Unknown to Jones, however, Marion was pregnant. Old friend Harold Oxley grew angry with Jones due to his lack of responsibility, and broke contact with him.[6]

Recovering the Cross[]

Indiana Jones: "Do you know how long I've been after this?"
Marcus Brody: "All your life."
Indiana Jones: "All my life."
―Jones and Marcus Brody on the Cross of Coronado.[src]

Aboard the Vasquez de Coronado.

June 1938 had Jones receiving a call from an anonymous source claiming to know the location of the Cross of Coronado. The caller also described the man with the Panama Hat, who Indy remembered from their encounter in 1912. The caller claimed that all he wished was revenge on Panama Hat, and instructed Indy to meet him in Lisbon. As this was the most substantial lead Indy had had in years while looking for the cross, he journeyed to Portugal. He was informed that the cross was being put aboard a cargo ship headed for the United States, and that its captain had been entrusted with it.[27] Indy found the cross on board the ship, the Vasquez de Coronado,[12] but realized that it was all a setup in order to kill him.[27] For a second time, Jones was confronted by Panama Hat, but as a great storm rose, Indy jumped ship with the relic, mere moments before the ship exploded from the TNT stored aboard. Floating on the Atlantic Ocean with his long desired prize in hand, Indy could see Panama Hat's distinct hat floating by, confirming the rival's final demise.[12] Jones then headed for the coast,[126] and hoped to signal a freighter whose horn he had overheard.[27] He also saved Bill Lawton, a fellow survivor of the Coronado's destruction, from a shark attack but not in time to stop Lawton from losing a leg to the animal, the reason for which Lawton came to resent Jones.[127]

Search for the Holy Grail[]

Grail Knight: "You're strangely dressed, for a knight."
Indiana Jones: "I'm not exactly a knight."
Grail Knight and Indiana Jones.[src]

A few days later Indy returned to Barnett College, where he delivered the cross to Marcus Brody. After a lecture during which Indy specifically told his class that a spot never was marked by an “X”, he was approached by several upset students who wanted to have their essays graded. Indy instructed his secretary Irene to write down a list of their names, then locked himself inside his office, where, looking through the mail, he spotted a package sent from Venice, Italy. He brought the package with him, and fled through the open window. Outside the campus he was approached by several threatening-looking men who asked him to step inside their car.[12]

Indy was taken to a high class-party in a New York City hotel's penthouse, where he was met by fellow historian Walter Donovan, whom Indy knew fleetingly from his donations to the local museum. Donovan presented Indy with one half of an ancient stone tablet mentioning the Holy Grail, the chalice used by Jesus Christ during the last supper. According to legend, one who drank from the Grail would be granted eternal life. The Grail was said to have been brought to a hidden location by two knights during the Crusades. Donovan also possessed a page from a manuscript written by a friar who chronicled the story of the knights. The text stated that two markers would lead the way to the Grail — one of them being the stone tablet. As Donovan’s researcher recently had gone missing, he offered Indy the job of continuing the search. Indy recommended his father, the real Grail expert, for the job but Donovan revealed that Indy’s father was the man who had recently disappeared.[12]

Indy and Brody visited Indy's father's house in Ferndale, and found it ransacked. Jones remembered the package from Venice, and opened it. Inside was his father's Grail diary; a collection of all the research he had ever made in the quest. Indy accepted Donovan's offer, and began by travelling to Venice in the company of Brody, where he was told to meet up with his father's partner Dr. Schneider.[12]

A Archaeologist, A Museum Curator and A Art Historian

Jones and Marcus Brody meet up with Elsa Schneider in Venice.

In Venice, Indy and Brody met Dr. Schneider, who was in fact revealed to be a young woman with the first name Elsa. Elsa had been working with Henry right up till his sudden disappearance. The three entered a Medieval church, now used as a library, which was the place where Henry Sr. was last seen. Finding clues in the wall paintings, Indy eventually realized that what they were looking for was a tomb — and that it was marked with an “X”. Indy and Elsa crawled under the floor, and waded through hundreds of rats, then located the tomb of Sir Richard, one of the three knights. On top of Richard’s corpse Indy found the second stone tablet.[12]

Meanwhile, Brody had been ambushed by a couple of fez-wearing men, who intended to burn Indy and Elsa alive. They managed to survive by hiding under the tomb, then pursued the attackers by boat. Eventually, Indy cornered their apparent leader, who said that his name was Kazim. He claimed to be a member of the Brotherhood of the Cruciform Sword – whose mission it was to protect the Grail from ever being found. Indy assured him that he wasn’t looking for the Grail, but his father. Kazim informed Indy that his father was being held at the Castle Brunwald, on the German/Austrian border. Before they travelled there, Indy took the time to romance Elsa. He also studied the selected diary pages Brody had been given. The pages detailed the way to the hiding place of the Grail, at a mysterious location called the Canyon of the Crescent Moon. The problem was that Henry had not known the name of the city from which to begin the search — but now Indy and Brody knew — Alexandretta, commonly known as Iskenderun.[12]

"Nazis. I hate these guys."
―Indiana Jones[src]

When they arrived at Castle Brunwald, Indy and Elsa attempted to gain entrance by impersonating a Scottish lord called Clarence McDonald and his assistant. The local butler was not convinced, so Indy had to beat him down. Indy and Elsa discovered that the castle was a secret stronghold for Nazis. Using his whip, Indy swung into the room where his father was held. Henry, thinking Indy was a German soldier, hit him in the head with a vase. Upon realizing that his son had come to save him, Henry was, for a moment, overjoyed with seeing him for the first time in almost twenty years. Soon, however, a group of Nazis arrived. Indy had them confused by bickering with Henry, and then suddenly shooting them down with an MP40 machine gun. However, the Joneses were soon caught again. The Nazis had seemingly taken Elsa hostage as well, and used her as a bait in exchange for the Professor's diary. Henry claimed that Elsa was in cahoots with the Nazis, but Indy wouldn’t believe it. Elsa then revealed that she was in fact a Nazi collaborator, and proceeded to steal the coveted diary.[12]

Back to back

Father and son, back to back in Castle Brunwald.

Indy and Henry were tied up to the same chair. Elsa realized that the diary was missing several pages, which had been given to Brody who had been sent to Iskenderun by himself. Elsa gave Indy a passionated kiss and left him and his father alone in the room. Henry managed to reach a lighter that Indy had brought with him, accidentally burning his hand and in a reflex throwing it at the floor, igniting a fire. The two had to move the chair away from the growing fire, and stopped at one side of a moving wall. They were identified by Nazi agents who alerted their colleagues. Indy and Henry then escaped on a motorcycle. Pursued by the Nazis, Indy made expertly use of his cunning and fast thinking to come up with several creative ways to get rid of their followers.[12]

Following a heated argument, Indy and Henry decided to go to Berlin to recover the diary. Their arrival in the city coincided with a bookburning rally. Disguised, Indy confronted Elsa and reclaimed the diary. While trying to escape the crowd, Jones stepped right onto Adolf Hitler, who grabbed the diary — not realizing its importance — and signed it. Indy and Henry then boarded a flight headed for Athens. They were discovered by the relentless SS officer Ernst Vogel, but managed to escape aboard the departing zeppelin. Halfway through its journey, the aircraft turned back, the crew having been informed of the identity of their travellers. Indy and Henry fled on a small airplane docked at the bottom of the zeppelin.[12] Indy was able to fly the plane well enough for them to escape, but as Nazi pilots pursued them, Henry mistakenly damaged the plane, and they were forced to land. As they were followed by a final aircraft, Henry thought up the idea of frightening a flock of seagulls, making them fly straight into the plane's cockpit. This made Indy look upon his father with newfound respect.[12]

Indy and Henry met up with Sallah in Iskenderun. Sallah informed them that Brody had been apprehended by the Nazis, which meant they had the entire map in their possession. The trio then journeyed to the desert landscape of the Republic of Hatay, where they eventually caught up with the Nazis. Without warning, a violent fire-fight erupted. The Brotherhood of the Cruciform Sword had come in a final effort to keep the Nazis away. However, they were all shot dead. Henry and Sallah devised an attempt to rescue Brody and charged the Nazi tanks on horseback. While Indy was busy fighting off the Nazi soldiers, Henry infiltrated the tank in which Brody was held, not being able to escape capture by Colonel Vogel. Indy pursued the tank and fought it out with Vogel. He freed both Henry and Brody, before the tank drove past the end of a giant cliff. Indy threw himself off it at the last possible moment but Henry, Brody and Sallah all thought he had perished. As they were mourning the loss of their dear friend, Indy casually joined them at the top of the cliff. He was embraced by his emotional father and they shared a brief moment of tenderness, before Henry, matter-of-factly, declared that they should continue on with the quest.[12]

With the map finally in their possession, Jones and company located the fabled canyon, discovering that Donovan and Schneider had gotten there ahead of them. They arrived outside an ancient temple carved into the mountain walls. Inside, the Nazis were alread trying to pass the three obstacles one had to overcome in order to reach the Grail. The first of these was “the breath of God”. As Indy and his friends were apprehended, Donovan shot Henry in the stomach in order to force Indy to decipher the obstacles. Indy had to recover the Grail if he was to save his father’s life.[12]

Indy drinks grail

Drinking from the Grail.

Indy stepped into the passage with the Grail diary in his hands. Henry had told him that only the penitent man would pass, which made Indy realize that he would have to kneel in front of God. As he kneeled, he barely kept his head from being cut off by giant razor blades. Indy grabbed a rope and hooked it on the blades, holding them back. The next test was “the word of God”. Indy entered a second chamber in which the floor contained a checkerboard of cobblestones. He had to stand upon the written letters in the correct order to pass. The word of God translated to the name of God, and Indy instinctively stepped on the stone marked with a “J” (as in Jehovah). The floor broke through, and Indy almost fell to his death. He realized his mistake; in Latin Jehovah starts with an “I”. Passing the obstacle, he approached the third and final challenge – “the path of God”. The passageway seemingly erupted, and Indy looked down at what appeared to be an infinte abyss – at the other side of which the passageway apparently continued. Indy remembered the invisible bridge he had seen on a painting in his father’s house. He had to believe he could make the walk if he was to save his father. Taking the final walk in blind faith, he stepped on solid ground, realizing that there was in fact a bridge – only it had been expertly painted to look like it wasn’t there at all.[12]


Leaving the Canyon of the Crescent Moon.

Jones stepped into the final room in which he could observe an altar covered with hundreds of different grails. In front of the altar sat an ancient-looking knight waiting. The knight (the last of the brothers who had sworn to protect the Grail) attempted to confront Indy, but was too weak, and fell on his back. When Indy helped him recover, the knight informed him that, as his vanquisher, he would now take his place. At that moment Donovan and Schneider entered the chamber. The knight warned them that they had to be careful – only the right Grail would bring life, the others would take it. Schneider picked a gold grail with encrusted jewels for Donovan – from which he drank, convinced that it indeed was the Cup of Christ. Donovan started to age rapidly, and all too late realized that he had picked the wrong one — rotting away in front of the others, and finally crumbling to dust. Indy went to make his own pick, when his eyes fell on one chalice that differed from the others – it was a simple cup, one that looked like it could have belonged to a carpenter. As Indy drank from it, the knight commended him, but warned him that the Grail could not be taken from the temple: That was the price of immortality.[12]

Indiana Jones: "I can get it. I can almost reach it, Dad..."
Henry Jones Sr.: "Indiana... Indiana, let it go."
―Indy leaves the Grail behind as his father finally calls him by his preferred moniker.[src]

Indy brought the Grail with him, and had his father drink from it. Henry's wounds was instantly healed, and as they began to leave, Elsa grabbed the Grail and tried to escape with it. As she passed the great seal by the temple entrance, the entire structure began to collapse. As Elsa desperately tried to reach the Grail caught in a large crack, she fell to her death. Indy was close to making the same mistake, but his father convinced him to let it go, as he — for the first time ever — referred to his son by the moniker of “Indiana”. Indy, Henry, Brody and Sallah left the temple, and rode off into the sunset. In the end, Indy and his father had discovered something far more profound than the Grail — they had found each other again.[12]

Thunder in the Orient[]

"C'mon, ki... Khamal. I'm gonna need your nose for buried treasure!"
―Indiana Jones[src]

On vacation in Venice with his young cousin, Indy met an old friend, Giacomo Andrini, who claimed to have found Marco Polo's diaries. Indy outwitted one of Mussolini's Fascists and went to Mongolia. There he met Mongolian bandits led by a woman named Bortay.[128]

In October,[3] Jones travelled to Libya to join a dig at the ruined city of Bas Shamra[129] He was permitted by the French authorities due to his previous service in the Great War in France.[130] Indiana received a telegram about a find that needed his verification.[129] Jones reunited with Atlantis buff Sophia Hapgood, who believed she had psychic premonitions, and sought the Covenant of Buddha across Asia. The group was joined by Khamal, a young orphan boy, with the ability to locate hidden artifacts and an anthropologist named Patar Kali. Also in the race to find the Covenant was General Masashi Kyojo and his Japanese soldiers. During the adventure, Jones and his team were attacked by a group of Waziri bandits. Indy and Khamal did survive, but Sophie was kidnapped by the bandits and brought to their chieftain. Sophie was made the prize of a race called the Buz Kashi, which Indy entered, and in which he literally won her back.[129]

Indy orient

Ambushed by bandits.

With the help of Khamal, Sophia, and Kali, Jones located a hidden map at the Buddhas of Bamyan, when he was ambushed by Itaki, a lieutenant. Itaki came close to beheading Indy with a katana, but after Kyojo realized that Indy would be a useful tool in leading him to the covenant, he had Itaki shot by a sniper's bullet. Jones's team continued their journey and located the city of Chanri-Ha in the Himalayas, where an aged lama appeared convinced that Khamal was the city's patron god, Zan-Khan. They also met a slave woman Sophie came to dub "Lotus Flower", who was actually General Serpent Lady, leader of an army of Chinese rebels. With the help of Serpent Lady, Indy and his friends escaped the city as the population came to realize Khamal was not their deity, only to be confronted by a warlord by the name of Ch'ao the Red. Ch'ao made a grab for Sophie, but instead was stabbed by Khamal. When Ch'ao drew his sword, the warlord was shot dead by Jones. Afterward, Jones located the temple housing the Covenant, but was attacked by Kyojo. Kyojo was defeated but, much like the Grail, the Covenant succumbed to an earthquake.[129]

In 1939, Jones had his first meeting with a man named George 'Mac' McHale, when the Briton saved him from a Luger pointed at the back of his head.[3][124] Around this time Indiana was also given the honor of stepping into the role of godparent to Helena — the daughter of his archaeologist friend Basil Shaw. Jones would affectionally come to nickname his goddaughter "Wombat".[14]

The Staff of Kings[]

Indy sudan sok

Jones discovers a Nazi digging team in the Sudan.

"Professor Kingston was right about you. I'm just glad he's not around to see it."
―Indiana Jones to Magnus Völler.[src]

In the early months of the year, Jones embarked on a quest to find both the Staff of Moses and his retired university professor Charles Kingston. He travelled to Sudan, and confronted his former classmate Magnus Völler, who had aligned himself with the Nazis. Jones' next stop was San Francisco's Chinatown, where he recovered the Jade Sphere and saved his friend Archie Tan. In Panama, Indy again came face to face with Völler; both searching for the Temple of the Cosmos. After a stop in Istanbul, Jones went to Nepal accompanied by Maggie O'Malley, and located the Staff. Völler got hold of the staff, and kidnapped both O'Malley and Professor Kingston. Indy made his way onto Völler's zeppelin Odin, but was held at gunpoint by Völler. Kingston sacrificed himself, throwing himself in the line of fire. Jones then managed to defeat Völler who was using the Staff to part the sea in two. When Jones finally reclaimed the Staff, it transformed into a snake and slithered away.[3][64]

At the request of the US Government, Jones lead an expedition around March to an iceberg near Greenland to uncover an ice-encased Viking longship which contained a strange disc of unearthly origin. When the disc was freed, it took off and destroyed a Nazi submarine before disappearing into space. A US rescue team arrived in time to save Indy's group from the longship when they became trapped before it sank beneath the surface of the water.[131]

The Fate of Atlantis[]

Indiana Jones: "You know, a lot of my discoveries seem like tall tales, even to me. At least there's some evidence now."
Sophia Hapgood: "Then again, maybe not."
―Jones and Sophia watch as the ruins of Atlantis are permanently submerged.[src]

In May, Jones — at the request of a Mr. Smith — retrieved a strange Horned Statue from the Barnett College museum for him and Marcus Brody. However, after Indy had presented it to Smith, the stranger had them cornered at gunpoint, stole the statue and escaped. Jones found out that Smith was in fact Klaus Kerner, an agent of the Third Reich who was planning excavations in Iceland, where Indy and his former colleague, Sophia Hapgood, once worked on the Jastro expedition. Kerner's second target was Sophia, who had lost her interest in archaeology, and had since become a psychic — giving seminars about Atlantis and communicating with the Atlantean god-king Nur-Ab-Sal.[78]


Jones and Hapgood.

Indy reunited with Sophia following a lecture in New York City. The two found that Kerner had already been there, having ransacked her room. Each collected item was stolen except for Sophia's necklace, which she always wore. Sophia explained that the Nazis were craving the power of Atlantis because of Orichalcum, a legendary metal purported to be more powerful than Uranium. The German Army — with Kerner and mad scientist Dr. Hans Ubermann in charge — sought this element in order to utilize it as an unlimited source of energy. The key to locating Atlantis was a long lost text, written by Plato, called the Hermocrates. Indy and Sophia returned to Iceland, where Doctor Bjorn Heimdall directed them towards two other scholars. In Tikal, Guatemala, they met Doctor Charles Sternhart who translated Plato's ancient text into English. Inside the temple, Sternhart further investigated Indy's discovery of a hidden tomb and a stone disk, which Sternhart instantly recognised as a 'Worldstone'. He grabbed it and fled by a secret passage. After some persuasion, Phelipe Costa from Azores was able to confirm - via an eel figurine artifact found on Iceland - that a copy of the Hermocrates could be found in one of the book collections at Barnett College. The document detailed that in order to gain access to Atlantis, three stone disks, the Sunstone, the Moonstone, and the Worldstone, were each required. According to Sophia, one of her former associates kept a Sunstone: Either Alain Trottier from Monte Carlo or Omar Al-Jabbar from Algiers.[78]


At the ruins of Atlantis.

Travelling to Monte Carlo, Jones and Hapgood tricked the Sunstone from Trottier, before heading to Algiers, where they confronted Omar Al-Jabbar, now a shopkeeper. Omar revealed that the Germans were concurrently conducting a secret dig, somewhere in the desert. Indy hijjacked a touring balloon, but it was shot down by the Nazis guarding the dig. At the dig site, they discovered a mural that provided them with directions for the Palace of Knossos, Crete, itself supposedly an Atlantean colony.[78]

At the ruins of Knossos, using hints enbedded within the Hermocrates, Indy and Sophia dug out a hidden Moonstone. Working with both disks, they opened an entrance to the Labyrinth. Inside was found the body of Doctor Sternhart, who had starved to death, while being unable to escape the chamber. Indy and Sophia grabbed Worldstone from him, and eventualy reached a map room containing a detailed model of Atlantis. Meanwhile, a Nazi submarine surfaced off the island and the Nazis entered the labyrinth. Sophia was kidnapped, but Indy managed to board the submarine and impersonate a crew member. As he set Sophia free, they reclaimed the stolen disks. They then steered the ship towards an underwater entrance and its docking point, which turned out to be the entrance to Atlantis itself. Entering Atlantis' second inner circle, Indy found out that Nur-Ab-Sal had guided Sophia to Atlantis via the medallion on her neck, wishing to reclaim his lost kingdom. As the ghost now fully possessed Sophia, Indy grabbed the necklace and hurled it into a pool of lava below Nur-Ab-Sal's throne room.[78]

Indy foa

The Heart of Atlantis.

Indy and Sophia continued to the heart of the city, a massive chamber filled with lava and dozens of passageways in all directions. At the Colossus — a massive mechanism in the centre of the capital, which provided the Atlanteans god-like powers - they were ambushed by Ubermann and Kerner. Kerner deemed himself worthy to transform into a deity. Based on Plato's tenfold error, Ubermann fed the machine one bead instead of ten, which turned Kerner into a grotesque horned dwarf, descending into the lava below. The Nazis attempted forcing Jones to subject himself to the machine, in order to become its next experiment.[78]

Jones managed to convince Ubermann not to use him as their experiment, lest Ubermann and the Nazis themselves became targets of a godly Indiana Jones' wrath. Rather, he appealed to Ubermann's anger and lust for power to allow himself be transformed by the machine instead. This time feeding the machine a hundred beads, turning Ubermann into a being of pure energy, by having exploded, activated the dormant volcano that had been asleep for millennia. As the city was crumbling, Indy and Sophia made their way to the submarine and brought it to the surface. As the city proceeded to sink even deeper into the sea, Indy and Sophia watched the sun set behind the smoke.[78]

"You're not my brother! I'm an only child."
―Jones responding to the hereditary claims of an apparent imposter.[src]

In the North Atlantic, Jones hired the crew of the Black Pete — a ship captained by Bill Lawton, a survivor of the very vessel that Jones had recovered the Cross of Coronado from — where they came across a Viking knarr embedded in an iceberg with the frozen remains of the people aboard and Leif Ericcson's battle-ax. Betraying Jones for claim to the treasure, Lawton was blindsided by a polar bear and, thought by his crew to be dead, the pair were abandoned. Jones and Lawton made a temporary truce and spent weeks alone on the iceberg. When a rescue ship arrived, Jones recovered on board to find himself face to face with "New Jersey Jones", a conman capitalizing on the archaeologist's fame by pretending to be his older brother to unload fake artifacts onto unsuspecting buyers. Meanwhile, Lawton formed a loose alliance with a criminal called Cairo in an attempt to kill Jones. The plan backfired, and the four ended up in the hands of the The Sea Witch, and her band of pirates.[127] That July, archaeologist Billie Simpson was leading a dig for Malaysian artifacts on Howling Island where her brother had gone missing. Jones agreed to her request to join her return trip to the island.[132]

World War II and the Cold War[]

Spy business[]

"Do you have any idea how many medals this son of a bitch won?"
―General Bob Ross on Jones' war record.[src]

During World War II, Jones returned to espionage work in December, this time for American intelligence. Indy found himself reunited with George 'Mac' McHale who had since become an agent for England's own intelligence service MI6. Indy and Mac went on many missions together, both in Europe and in the Pacific. At one point they were in Jakarta. Mac saved Indy by pulling out amnesia darts from his neck. Another mission saw them working together as double-agents in Berlin, posing as Nazis in order to gain the Enigma code.[3] Jones made other new friends during the War, such as General Bob Ross,[6] congressman Frelen and army intelligence operative Abe Portman.[65]

Jones found himself fighting off zombies in 1940, when the inhabitants of an island in the Indian Ocean he was supposed to observe were succumbing to a plague caused by the Fourth Horseman of the Apocalypse. Indy managed to survive the event, as well as the violent earthquake that hit the area and killed the Horseman.[60]

The Golden Fleece[]

"I once promised myself that nobody would ever snatch a museum artifact from me again! I'm getting to old for this..."
―Indiana Jones[src]

In April 1941, Indy sat foot on the Peloponnesian Peninsula in Greece as an advisor on an archaeological expedition. It all proved to consist of very poor timing, as Nazis were attacking at the same time. Jones agreed to cancel the official expedition so as to not risk any lives, while sneaking away, determined to get his hands on the treasure before the Nazis could. By himself, Indy entered the tomb of King Atreus to find an ancient knife, older than Mycenae itself. As he left the tomb, Jones found himself in the middle of a Nazi camp, resorting to take one soldier hostage.[133]


Leaving for an expedition in Greece.

The Nazi commander shot Jones' human shield dead, forcing him to flee on a bicycle. He was saved by a young woman named Omphale Kiapos, who hid him inside a barrel containing olive-oil. While looking for a way to leave Greece, Jones was then attacked by a group of hooded men speaking Turkish, who took the knife from him while offhandedly mentioning the Golden Fleece. Omphale opened fire, and the thugs fled. Stealing an airplane from the Nazi camp, Jones and Omphale left Greece. The plane was damaged in an air battle with a Nazi squadron, forcing them to land on top of the Mediterranean next to the Dardanelles. Omphale managed to nurse the craft to health so that they could reach Istanbul. Indy decided to consult his antiquities dealer friend, Daan van Rooijen, who confirmed that the Golden Fleece was connected to the Greek god Hecate, and that he suspected it was hidden somewhere in the city. He also claimed that the only thing needed to reconsecrate the fleece was the knife from Atreus' tomb.[133]

Looking into an old transcript of an auction twenty years earlier, which appeared to have had the ram of the fleece as one of its items for sale, they were assaulted by government agents, but were able to escape, and found the name Mehmed Sarper listed in the transcript. Sarper was revealed to still have the ram of the fleece in his possession, as no one had been interested in purchasing it. Jones and Daan recovered the fleece intact inside of the ram. Daan insisted it'd be kept in his possession, and drugged Jones and Omphale, so that he could escape with it. Waking up, Indy found Daan dead in his basement, assassinated by the cult members. Traveling east, to ancient Colchis, Jones and Omphale stepped right into a furious snowstorm, when Omphale started giving birth to her baby boy. Simultaneously, the cult members awoke the protector of the fleece, a giant snake. For reasons Indy could not himself explain, he lifted the baby up into the air, and begged Hecate to honor its innocence. Hecate struck the cult members down, and the serpent burned to death. The fleece was transformed into a golden goat, which rejoined the goddess in the heavens.[133]

Heroic efforts[]

"My experiences with Nazi Germany and imperial Japan haven’t been among the highlights of my career so far."
―Indiana Jones[src]

That summer, at a reception at the Russian Embassy in Washington DC, Indy prevented a bomb attack which was set up by Japanese agents and saved the life of commissar Tamara Jaglova, who was looking for someone to lead an expedition to examine the grave of Genghis Khan where they recovered and lost Genghis Khan's sword.[134]


Taking on the Nazi Mephisto.

In July, Jones was approached by Colonel Musgrove concerning the Akashic Hall of Records.[135] After Jones' success in following up the mystery — and tensions eased over the fate of the Ark five years earlier — Musgrove proposed the archaeologist be funded, unofficially, by the U.S. government in adventures that conflicted with Hitler's interests. Jones agreed, and spent the remainder of the month and early August embroiled in a plot concerning Mount Sinai, before Musgrove presented a top secret file which required more immediate attention than Nazis: Japanese experiments with the supernatural codenamed Tsuzumi Boshi.[136]

Some time later, Indiana helped Sallah and his family emigrate to America.[14]

Following the attack on Pearl Harbor and America's entry into World War II, the US government called in Jones to solve the mystery of a map detailing the location of a network of German U-boat bases recovered by American agent named Jonah. While Jones was successful, Jonah was killed before the secret base on Easter Island was destroyed.

The year after, Jones and George McHale were working in Flensburg. Together, they managed to make their ways out of a very difficult situation.

GI Jones

Jones dressed as a GI.

June of 1943 had Jones investigating reports of a golden valley connected to El Dorado.[3][137] While on furlough from commitments to the Office of Strategic Services in the summer, Jones and McHale visited Haiti to chase the whereabouts of the black pearl known as the Heart of Darkness.[138] When he returned to the States that same year, Indiana travelled to Utah to check on apparent contradictory information about the Anasazi culture before returning to Barnett College.[139] Jones was later requested to infiltrate enemy lines in Monte Cassana, Italy to recover several treasures collected by German forces from across Europe. With the help of some friendly monks, Indiana loaded a crate and smuggled it out to waiting US soldiers.[140]

In June 1944, McHale and Jones were involved in the operations of D-Day. Jones kept a copy of General Dwight D. Eisenhower's letter, and a personal letter from Mac in his journal.[17]

Lance of Longinus[]

"To the victor go the spoils!"
―Jones deals the final deathblow to Colonel Weber.[src]

That same year — whilst searching for the fabled Lance of Longinus — Jones, with friend and colleague Basil Shaw, got embroiled in the fallout of the archaeologist's infiltration of a heavily patrolled Nazi Stronghold. Jones was captured after impersonating a guard at the main gate of the castle, and nearly lynched before escaping through a German Convoy, and subsequently boarding a Nazi plunder train.[14]


Atop the plunder train.

Although the spear turned out to be fake, on board the fast-moving train, Jones recovered an unusual mechanism - "a dial that could change the course of history". The two men also encountered a pair of prominent Nazis: Colonel Weber, who faced them on top of the vehicle itself, and Dr. Jürgen Voller, a scientist who was taking note of Hitler's "mistakes", whom Indy punched to the face after distracting him by covering his face with his fedora. During the mission, Basil accidentally shot Indy in the arm, adding another bullet to Indy's eventual ten gunshot wounds despite apologizing. In a combined effort, Jones and Shaw managed to dispatch of Weber, while Voller was knocked off the speeding train. As a result they could finally cross the enemy lines with one half of the Dial in their possession.[14]


The Spear of Destiny.

In March 1945, Jones was excavating a mound outside of New Grange, Ireland, when he received a letter from his father in Glastonbury, England, concerning yet another potential Nazi plot to recover the Spear of Longinus. After surviving a Blueshirt assassination plot, he and his assistant, Brendan O'Neal traveled to England and met up with his father. Together they managed to steal half the spear tip from the Nazi agent Dieterhoffmann and escaped to Wales with Rebecca Stein.[141]

In Wales, Stein was captured by the Nazis, who had been collaborating with the Blueshirts in Ireland. The Joneses returned to Ireland, where Indiana rescued Stein, and O'Neal and the elder Jones assembled the spear, using a sprig of the Holy Thorn. Back at the mound, the Spear revealed its true nature in the morning equinox light, and the Nazi plot was thwarted with the death of Dieterhoffmann, and his mystic son, Seigfried. However, the spear tip was again stolen by the Nazis. Jones later returned to Wales to search for a treasure trove accidentally discovered at Gorsedd Arbeth, but was unable to find it. He met up again with O'Neal in New York City in August to pass along the news that the Spear tip had been recovered by American forces in the war.[141]

Jones came out of World War II holding the rank of Colonel,[3] having been awarded several war medals, and his adventures continued into the post-war era, as did his teaching.[6]

The Iron Phoenix[]

"My work has led me down dark paths where ancient forces act. Forces beyond accepted beliefs!"
―Indiana Jones to Nadia Kirov.[src]

In 1947, Indy went to Berlin at the request of the Soviet government to evaluate ancient artifacts. He unearthed the Key of King Solomon, which told of the design of the Philosopher's Stone containing the secret for turning base metal into gold and bringing inanimate objects to life. Indy set off to the three churches which were said to hold the three pieces of the stone. He obtained the first piece from a coven of witches in Ireland and headed to Tibet after the second piece. Eventually working alongside the Soviet major Nadia Kirov, he stopped a Nazi plot by Doctor Matthias Jäger, General Heinric and Dunkelvolk to use the Philosopher's Stone to create an army of undead German soldiers.[142]

Infernal Machines[]

Gennadi Volodnikov: "Did you find God, Dr. Jones?"
Indiana Jones: "I hope not. Whoever we ran into wasn't very forgiving."
―At the ruins of Babylon.[src]

Later in 1947, former lover Sophia Hapgood returned into Jones' life once more as an agent of the nascent Central Intelligence Agency, with her superior Simon Turner aspiring to recruit him. The CIA offered Jones a chance to find the missing parts of the Disciples of Marduk, an ancient quartet of Babylonians who had each been entrusted with one piece of the "Infernal Machine". The CIA's objective was to obtain the Machine parts before the Soviet Union, who were seeking the pieces in order to reactivate the Infernal Machine, a supposed, legendary portal into an alternate realm called the Aetherium. The Soviets' objectives remain ambiguous, however, it is believed that they thought they could somehow harness the power of the Machine in order to gain an upper hand in the Cold War.[143]

Indy infernal machine

Looking for clues on the Infernal Machine.

Jones and the Russians, led by mystic physicist Dr. Gennadi Volodnikov raced from Soviet Kazakhstan to the Philippines to Mexico to Sudan, the respective locations of the four lost Machine parts. Jones successfully collected the four parts and reunited them with the Machine in Babylon, however, his efforts almost had adverse consequences when he nearly unleashed the monstrous ethereal spirit Marduk into the world, as Turner was actually an American extremist willing to use Marduk's power to defeat the Communists. Fortunately, the Machine was buried when the excavated city of Babylon re-collapsed and Jones narrowly escaped with his life once again after defeating Marduk. He and Agent Hapgood surprisingly being rescued by their former enemy, the Soviet Dr. Volodnikov.[143]

The same year, the US government sought Jones' opinion and forced him to inspect the wreckage of an unidentified aircraft. Indy was transported with twenty other individuals in great secrecy aboard a bus with blacked-out windows to a vast secret storage-room. He was not told where it was located and was given explicit orders not to converse with the other people who were with him. There they were shown the wreckage and some kind of mutilated remains wrapped in an intense magnetic shroud. Afterwards, Indy was threatened with treason charges should he speak of what he saw.[6] After the adventure, the pair parted ways, seemingly forever.[144]

Around 1948 Indiana Jones was attacked by Soviet MiG-15 jets while aboard a F-86 Sabre.[145]

Later years[]

Adventure in Wyoming[]

"Things can't always be the way you want them to be. But sometimes they are!"
―Indiana Jones[src]
Indy 1950

Indy reminisces about his past.

The winter of 1950 saw Indy and his friend Greycloud in Wyoming, on the run from some men trying to take possession of a sacred Native American peace pipe. Taking shelter in an empty cabin to hold out from the harsh weather, Indy found an old soprano saxophone which reminded him of his college days at the University of Chicago during the spring of 1920.[11]

As he finished telling Greycloud the story of how he learned to play the blues on the sax, their pursuers burst into the cabin and demanded the pipe at gun point. When the thieves left, Indy used the sax to blow a high note which dislodged a large amount of snow from the cabin's overhang which fell on, and trapped, the men. Indy and Greycloud recovered the pipe and escaped.[11]

Losing loved ones[]

"We seem to have reached the age where life stops giving us things and starts taking them away."
Charles Stanforth[src]

The year 1951[23] marked the death of Henry Jones, Sr., Indiana Jones' father,[6] and the following year,[23] Marcus Brody also died; two passings that were hard for the archaeologist. Indy eventually left Barnett College, and returned to Marshall College in Bedford, Connecticut where he became good friends with Charles Stanforth, Brody's successor as Dean of Students.[6]

The same year, Jones paid a visit to his old friend Basil Shaw — whom he attempted to convince letting go of his obsession with the Antikythera. Reluctantly, Shaw agreed and came to entrust Jones with the one half of the ancient artifact they had once prevented from falling into the hands of Nazis. Shaw made Jones promise to destroy the Dial. Incidentally this visit would also prove to be the last occasion in many years time that Indiana would see his goddaughter Helena.[14]

The Crystal Skull of Akator[]

George "Mac" McHale: "This ain't gonna be easy."
Indiana Jones: "Not as easy as it used to be."
―Indy and Mac being captured by Irina Spalko's men.[src]
Mac indy

Indy and Mac are captured by Irina Spalko.

In August 1957, Indy and George "Mac" McHale were digging[6] in some ruins in the Yucatán,[65] when the two were captured by Russian soldiers, and brought to Nevada in the US where the Russians infiltrated Hangar 51, a secret military base. Indy and Mac were pulled out from the back of a car[6] after beeing trapped there for a few hours[146]. There, they were confronted by the leader of the Russian unit; Irina Spalko. They were brought into a vast storage facility, and Spalko forced Indy to locate the remains of the classified aircraft-wreckage Indy had inspected ten years prior. If Indy refused they would kill Mac.[6]

Recalling that the remains were highly magnetic, Jones had the Russian soldiers empty their guns for their powder, providing them with the way to the container. As the soldiers opened the container, Indy tried to escape his execution, but was betrayed by Mac, who was secretly working for the Russians. Despite all odds, Jones managed to escape — on the way briefly glimpsing the crate still containing the Ark of the Covenant. After fighting his way through several other Russian soldiers, among them the giant Colonel Antonin Dovchenko, Indy fled the military base on a rocket sled.[6]

Jones then wandered into what appeared to be an ordinary American smalltown, soon coming to the realization that it was in fact a test site for nuclear bombs. Indy, once again narrowly escaped with his life intact, when he hid inside a fridge lined with lead, protecting him from the enormous explosion. Indy was then apprehended by the FBI, who suspected him of secretly working for the Russians. He was interrogated by the agents Smith and Taylor. At the military base, Indy was defended by his old friend, General Bob Ross. He then briefed the agents of the Russian woman he had encountered, and they correctly identified her as being Irina Spalko — one of Stalin's top agents.[6]


Lecturing at Marshall College.

As Jones resumed his teaching duties at Marshall College in Bedford, he came to discover that the adventure in Nevada had provided him the wrong kind of attention: the Red Scare was on, the government was relentlessly searching for Communist infiltrators, and Jones' presence at a top-secret military installation in the company of a Russian special forces unit made certain people wonder if he did not share their sensibilities. The FBI ransacked his offices, which scared the administration at Marshall College into pushing for him to be fired. Charles Stanforth succeeded in getting the concession that he be placed on indefinite leave with pay, but to do this, Stanforth had to tender his own resignation.[6]

Indy decided to leave Bedford, with the hope of acquiring a teaching position in Leipzig. As his train was leaving, he was approached by a young man on a motorcycle, who asked for his help. Indy stepped off the train, and as he was conversing with the young man over a cup of coffee, the latter presented himself as "Mutt" Williams, the son of a woman who apparently knew Indy. Mutt’s mother had recently disappeared while looking for Williams’ surrogate father and Indy’s old schoolmate Harold Oxley in Peru. Oxley had gone looking for the Crystal Skull of Akator and the lost city of El Dorado, but had not been heard of in some time. Mutt’s mother had sent him a letter encouraging him to find Indy — while enclosing a cryptic message she had received from Oxley. Upon hearing this, Indy agreed to help Mutt find his mother and Oxley. They were, however, ambushed by a team of Russian spies, and had to fight their way out of the diner. Indy sat on the backseat of Mutt’s motorcycle, and following an intense chase through the streets of Bedford, they relocated to Indy’s home where Indy shared everything he knew about the Crystal Skull. He then deciphered Oxley's letter which seemingly referred to the mysterious Nazca Lines in Peru.[6]

Indianajones4 02 tn

Jones in the late 1950s.

Indy and Mutt flew to Nazca, where they began looking for Oxley at the mental hospital where he had been staying. They found the walls of Oxley's abandoned room covered with carvings relating to the Crystal Skull. Through Oxley's clues, Jones realized that Orellana's cradle actually meant Orellana's resting place and discovered a map on the cell floor, depicting a cemetery. At the Chauchilla Cemetery, the two began searching for Orellana's Tomb, but were ambushed by two Nazca cemetery warriors wearing skulls as masks. Indy and Mutt managed to dispatch of them, and entered the hallway leading to the tomb. They located seven mummies, and buried beside Orellana's corpse, Jones spotted the Crystal Skull. As they left the tomb, however, they were captured by Spalko and her men, who had been able to follow their tracks thanks to the assistance of Mac.[6]

In the Russian camp, Spalko tried to unlock the secrets of the Crystal Skull by using its telepathic powers on Indy. Mac made her stop before it killed him. Outside, Indy discovered Oxley, appearing almost completely deranged. Spalko tried to force Indy to help her by initially threatening to kill Mutt and then his mother, who was revealed to be none other than Marion Ravenwood — Indy's former fiancee. Jones deciphered Oxley's mumblings, and realized that they gave clues regarding to the location of El Dorado. While everyone else was distracted, Mutt seized the opportunity to escape by setting one of the tents on fire. Indy, Marion, Mutt and Oxley fled, but stopped as Indy and Marion fell into a pit of dry quicksand. Thinking they were about to die, Marion revealed to Indy that Mutt’s real name was Henry Jones III, and that he was his son. Mutt threw them a large rat snake to use as rope. Indy was finally able to make his way out of the pit, even though his phobia of snakes made it increasingly difficult. The Russian soldiers arrived and captured them once more.[6]

Indy marion mutt

Reunited with Marion and Mutt.

The following day, the Russians cut through the dense jungle with a caravan of trucks, one of which was carrying Indy, Marion and Mutt inside. As they took control of the vehicle, Indy used an RPG to blow up the Jungle cutter. A long and intense chase ensued as Indy and Mutt attempted to reclaim the Crystal Skull. In the midst of the chaos, the skull fell into Oxley’s hands. The caravan stumbled into an acre of dry earth, which happened to be the nesting ground of thousands of giant, vicious driver ants called siafu. The ants attacked, and Indy beat Dovchenko to his death as he fell into a great pile of ants which proceeded to devour him.[6]

Indy, Marion, Mutt, Oxley and Mac (who now appeared to be on Indy’s side) escaped by driving the truck over a cliff, landing on top of a huge tree, violently passing through three vast waterfalls. Having survived this ordeal, they entered a cavern shaped as a human head. They passed a tunnel with carvings of primitive humans with unnaturally elongated craniums. They were then ambushed by a band of Ugha natives, who drove them out of the temple and into the open. Oxley brought forth the skull, and the natives backed away. Indy and his company climbed to the top of a Mayan pyramid with an obelisk over key. Indy figured that to open the "Palace of Eternity", one had to move the obelisk. As Indy and the others emptied the obelisk of sand, the construction started to move. The group then proceeded to be submerged.[6]

Indy marion wedding

Indy marries Marion.

Indiana Jones: "Why don't you stick around, Junior?"
Mutt Williams: "I don't know. Why didn't you, Dad?"
―Indy and Mutt having realized they are father and son.[src]

Pursued by Spalko and her soldiers, they then arrived at the Temple of Akator where they uncovered thirteen crystal skeletons. Spalko, returning the Crystal Skull to the body of one headless skeleton, activated a force in the room that merged the thirteen bodies into a single living alien. While the alien bestowed Spalko with the "great gift" of knowledge, Jones and the others escaped the crumbling Temple. Unfortunately for Spalko, the alien knew of her evil intentions and used its transfer of knowledge to overwhelm her human brain, causing her body to spontaneously combust. A portal opened in the ceiling of the Temple which the Russian soldiers were sucked into, as well as Spalko's remains. Mac's true loyalties remained ambiguous, since, though he appeared to be a Soviet double agent, Jones still tried to save him, trusting that that was the right thing to do. Mac, however, was humbled by his old friend, and peacefully accepted his destiny to prevent himself from delaying Indy's escape. It is unknown if he died or simply was "abducted" since the portal through which he disappeared was later actually revealed to be the bottom of a huge flying saucer.[6]

Following the Peru adventure, Jones was allowed to resume his teaching position at Marshall College, and was promoted to associate dean under Charles Stanforth, who also got his job back. With their relationship rekindled, Indiana and Marion wed soon later[6] in October,[147] with Harold Oxley and Charles Stanforth as witnesses.[6]

Around the year 1959, Jones relocated to New York City and started teaching at Hunter College.[14]


"I've come to believe it's not so much about what you believe, it's how hard you believe it."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Despite having an interest in outer space in his youth,[56][19] the realities of interstellar exploration and a lifetime of digging in the dirt had affected Indiana Jones' perspective. He also had to deal with the reality that America had turned to former Nazis to get ahead of the USSR in the wake of World War II.


An unannounced retirement party.

By 1969, Jones had been shot nine times over the course of his career,[14] including the gunshots he took from the truck chase in 1936[1] and from Shaw in 1944. Jones' son Mutt had enlisted in the US Army to spite his father but was killed in action during the Vietnam War. As Indiana lost himself to his grief, Marion and he drifted apart and Jones turned to alcohol. His wife eventually pursued a divorce and Jones lived alone.[14]

Jürgen Voller: "You should have stayed in New York."
Indiana Jones: "You should have stayed out of Poland."
―An old adversary resurfaces.[src]

Coinciding with his academic retirement at age 70, Jones was treated with a highly unexpected visit from his estranged goddaughter Helena — herself having recently graduated as an archaeologist. Claiming to want to continue her deceased father Basil Shaw's research on the Antikythera, Jones warned her that he had watched her father almost lose his sanity while attempting to unlock its secrets. As it happened, Indiana still kept the one half of the Dial that Basil had once entrusted him with. Leaving to retrieve the ancient artifact from the Hunter College archives, enforcers of celebrated NASA scientist Jürgen Voller[14] — the former Nazi having relocated to America[148] as "Professor Schmidt" — had them ambushed. Following an intense chase through the crowded streets of New York City — running parallel to the Moon landing celebration - Jones mounted and fled on a policeman's horse, while Helena managed to escape with the Dial in her possession. As corrupt CIA operatives framed Jones for the murder of two of his colleagues, longtime friend Sallah helped him flee the country.[14]

Arriving just in time to try and prevent Helena from auctioning the Dial at the black market in Tangier, Dr. Voller seized the opportunity to steal the artifact. Indiana, Helena, and her young Moroccan protegé Teddy Kumar pursued Voller and his henchmen through the city, riding a tuk-tuk. Following Voller's trail, Jones and his company then travelled to Greece where they enlisted the help of professional diver Renaldo, an old friend of Indy's. In an underwater shipwreck at the bottom of the Aegean Sea, an ancient tablet containing the secret directions to the other half of the Dial was retrieved. As Voller's team caught up with them once more, Jones and Helena fled towards Sicily.[14]

Dial of Destiny Total Film Stills 02

With Helena Shaw in Syracuse.

Having located the tomb of Archimedes, Jones and Helena uncovered the Dial's missing piece - buried with the remains of the ancient philosopher. Voller reassembled the Dial, revealing his ultimate plan to travel backwards thirty years in time and assassinate Adolf Hitler, securing Germany's decisive victory in World War II. Activating the Dial, so that he could identify a time fissure, Voller held Jones captive aboard the lifting airplane while Helena stowed away unnoticed. Miscalculating the theoretical aspects of time travel, due to forgetting to take the continental drift into account, the group unwillingly found themselves in the middle of the historic Siege of Syracuse, 212 BC. The plane was shot down courtesy of the combined efforts of the opposing Roman and Greek armies. Indiana and Helena managed to exit the plane, using a parachute, mere instances before the vehicle would crash and everyone else onboard were killed. Archimedes, whose plan appeared to have been to gather futuristic military support, returned the Dial to Indy. Jones, by now having accepted that his life in the modern age was all but meaningless, expressed his wish to remain in the Roman Era, all the while Helena insisted on leaving.[14]

"Someone told me you were back. Are you back, Indy?"
Marion Ravenwood[src]

Suddenly awake inside of his New York apartment, Jones concluded that his fearless goddaughter had ensured his safety by knocking him out before the fissure had collapsed completely, allowing them both to return to 1969. Entering the flat, carrying a bag of groceries, Marion appeared to finally have decided to remain Indiana's wife as they reconciled, after the harrowing experience had allowed Jones to bring himself back — in body as well as spirit.[14]

Close of the 20th century[]

"For more than ninety years, I have lived the adventures of a lifetime."
―Indiana Jones[src]

Jones in the early 1990s.

Jones went on to write several books on archaeology.[149] At some point between 1969 and 1991, he lost the use of his right eye and was forced to wear an eyepatch.[56] In addition to his deceased son Mutt,[14] he had apparently fathered a daughter,[150] and had grandchildren: Spike,[151] Lucy[150] and Caroline, the mother of his two great-grandchildren Annie and Harry.[152] By the 1990s, Jones was living on Staten Island with his daughter, grandchildren and pet cat Henry. Although his family questioned his fitness to live independently,[153] Jones continued to drive and travel,[154][155][7] as well as give occasional college lectures.[156] Jones would also develop a late fascination for daytime soap operas.[157]

After nearly a century's worth of life experiences, he enjoyed relating stories of his youth to anyone he could get to listen.[158] In 1992, Indy confronted two youngsters who tried to skip class at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. He recounted the interconnected story of how he had visited Egypt in 1908, how the Jackal headpiece was stolen from the Tomb of Kha, and how he later reclaimed the jackal in Mexico in 1916. With his cane, Jones pointed out the display which the headpiece was still a part of, before leaving for home to feed his cat.[56] Later at a café, somewhere in the New York area, whilst having lunch with his accountant regarding some incoming threats from the IRS, Indy had a chance reunion with his old sweetheart Vicky Prentiss — their first since they had originally met in 1916.[7]

Mike: "I'm sorry I ever met you."
Indiana Jones: "I have that effect on people."
―Jones persuading a stranger to commit to a blood transfusion.[src]

Attending the Annual Celebrity Tennis Shoe Auction and Dinner at the Metropolitan Foundation for Educational Quality, Indy found himself seated next to a couple of total strangers. Spurred on by the ladies' heated discussion regarding natural balance, Jones regaled them with the story of his safari with Teddy Roosevelt in 1909.[159] Later, while on an airline, Indiana happened to meet its new owner — the aptly named "Pirate of Wall Street". Jones attempted to convince the owner not to break up the airline company and sell the individual pieces for profit. The conversation would remind Indy of his commanding general at Verdun in 1916, who knowingly sent his own troops to their death.[155] At a Staten Island hospital, Jones persuaded a man to donate blood to a gunshot-victim, by telling him the story of his mission in Congo, 1917.[74] Trying to comfort the disillusioned doctor who oversaw the transfusion, Jones attempted to encourage him by telling him that he reminded him of Albert Schweitzer, whom he had met in 1917.[160]

In 1993, Indy accidentally dropped the hamburger he was about to eat inside a mailbox. The incident came to remind him of the peace treaty he was once assigned to deliver to Emperor Karl of Austria in 1917.[161] Later, Indy — rather sternly — confronted a clerk at a doughnut shop who had been behaving exceedingly rudely to an elderly lady. When the police arrived and consequently had Jones locked up, he inquired the other inmates if any of them had tried to escape, at which point he began revealing the harrowing details of his escape from a German prison in 1916.[162]

While giving a lecture to the Pennsylvania Historical Society, Jones accidentally knocked over the entire podium, consequently dropping his mike. He retold the story of when he was an undercover spy in Barcelona, in 1917. As the lecture concluded, Jones realized that the class he had enthralled with his storytelling abilities in fact belonged to the American Congress of Neurology.[156] Later on, Indy confronted his grandson Spike,[151] whose rock band disrupted the elderly gentleman with their unrelenting noise.[163] Jones unfavourably compared his grandson's taste in music with the immortal soprano sax of Sidney Bechet.[151]


Reunited with Vicky Prentiss.

At a local gas station, Indy was confounded as to the abnormal size of the tires belonging to the truck of a fellow car-enthusiast. He proceeded to tell him the story of how he once had driven an early racecar designed by none other than Thomas Edison.[154] At a photography exhibit, Indy informed its organizer that the picture he was standing in front of was labeled wrong. It was, in fact, not a picture of the Bolshevik revolution, but an earlier march. Jones recounted some of his own experiences as a spy in Russia, in 1917 and finished the story by identifying his own blurred face in the decades old photograph.[164]

While stuck inside of a New York cab driven by a female driver claiming that all men were scum, Jones was suddenly reminded of when he tried to date three women simultaneously while working as a stage hand at a play in New York City in 1920.[165] Seated next to a profilic theatre critic — whilst in the audience of a contemporary Broadway-play — Jones found himself in a passioned discussion on whether the critic's apparent predecided stance towards the play in question was justified or not.[166]

As his children slowly started questioning his ability to look after himself, Indy was sent to a psychiatrist. Jones informed the doctor that no one in his family had ever been diagnosed as mentally unstable. While switching to the subject of psychoanalysis, Jones was reminded of his meeting with Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung in Vienna, in 1908. As Indy finished telling his story, the psychiatrist decided no further examinations were needed.[153]

While arguing over an empty spot in a crowded parking lot, two younger men were involuntarily told the story of when Jones fought for the affection of an Italian girl in wartime, 1918. At that time his rival had been none other than Ernest Hemingway.[167] Later on, Jones daughter Sophie tried to drag him away from the soap opera he was watching, so they would not miss the grandparent's tea at his granddaughter Lucy's school. Indy claimed that there were times when life was just like theater and proceeded to tell his daughter the story of when he personally witnessed the Easter Rebellion in Ireland, 1916.[150]

"In my years I have found that sometimes truth is more fantastic than what you read."
―Indiana Jones[src]

At an art auction where a painting by Edgar Degas was sold, Jones was able to identify it as a fake - one actually being painted by Pablo Picasso, in an attempt to seamlessly mimic the other artist's style. Later, Indy met a disgruntled man at a coffee shop and proceeded to educate him on the teachings of Krishnamurti - whom he had actually met while in Benares, in 1910.[168] While spotting a trashy gossip magazine in the check out line at a grocery store, Indy assured the lady next to him that sometimes truth is more fantastic than anything you read in magazines. He subsequently told her of his affair with Mata Hari in 1916.[169]

When challenged to a high stakes game of pool, Jones impressed the younger onlookers with a number of highly proficient shots. He told them that it all came from a decent understanding of the laws of Physics, which he himself had aquired while in Florence, 1908.[170] Later, on Halloween night, three trick-or-treating children approached Indy's house. Unconvincingly dressed in a mere sheet over his head, Indy asked the youngsters if they truly believed in ghosts. When they answered no, Indy started telling them of how he was sent on a secret mission to Transylvania in 1918, and came face to face with Vlad Tepes.[171] Later on, while enjoying Thanksgiving dinner with his daughter and extended family, Jones was reminded of the feast he had once shared with his mother and father while in Peking, 1910.[152]

Personality and traits[]

"You see: I like doing things, not reading about them."
―Indiana Jones to a co-worker, in 1917 Petrograd.[src]

From a young age, Indy liked to play baseball.[2] He traded some baseball cards to Leo Tolstoy in 1909,[172] taught the sport to Jiddu Krishnamurti in 1910,[168] played on his high school's baseball team in 1916,[154] and introduced the game to Short Round in the 1930s.[173] He also enjoyed watching adventure serials such as The Perils of Pauline at the cinema.[45] As an aficionado of the soprano saxophone, which he was introduced to while in basic training in La Havre, Jones later utilized his saxophone skills in 1918 Italy in an effort to impress a girl he liked.[167] In 1920 Chicago, Jones played the soprano sax with Sidney Bechet, an event he looked back on fondly in 1950 while hiding from a group of thugs who were trying to steal his friend Greycloud's peace pipe.[11]


Jones's traditional attire.

Though a man seemingly made hard-heartedly cynical[13] by his traumatic experiences in World War I[19] and his estrangement from his father,[12] Indy consistently maintained a steadfast sense of honor and compassion learnt through his meeting of Doctor Albert Schweitzer.[174] This was demonstrated by his willingness to be captured by the Thuggee to stop a helpless little boy from being whipped to death, and he later attempted to (unsuccessfully) save the same man who tortured the boy from being crushed by a rock grinder.[13] Complementing his compassionate character was an unshaking sense of integrity and respect for knowledge, believing that culture was something to be shared and preserved for future generations. However, Indy's belief that artifacts belonged in a museum earned him a fair share of enemies,[12] along with a reputation as a graverobber in some countries.[13]

Jones' childhood hatred of snakes was taken to a new level in 1912, when he fell into a train car full of snakes. This resulted in Jones developing ophidiophobia.[12] Albeit unsure, he considered that the incident in Utah may have also been the origin of a series of nightmares he had about being buried alive, which increased in frequency and ferocity until at least 1934.[66]


Jones's teaching attire.

Learning the language of a country was a lesson imparted to Jones on his first adventure in Egypt, by a young T.E. Lawrence, a life-long friend Indy knew as Ned, though the world would eventually call him "Lawrence of Arabia".[2] Jones was proficient in around 27 languages,[175] including French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Swedish, Czech (can write it unknown if can speak), Greek, Arabic, Turkish, Vietnamese, Swahili, Latin, Hungarian, Hebrew, Nepalese and Chinese, sign language, some Hindi, Sinhalese, and Quechua. His childhood tutor, Miss Seymour, noted that he had an aptitude for languages,[176] and he had acquired most by the end of the Great War.[175][177] By 1957, he had added three Mayan dialects to his repertoire.[3]

Jones had type O blood.[74] Despite his adept physique and strength, Indy had low tolerance for alcohol.[45] He also had astigmatism which he compensated against by wearing glasses,[178] and used them for reading.[66] Jones had himself written books, with one of his published works having been read by a young Mutt Williams under the encouragement of Harold Oxley.[65] As an adult, Jones' outdoor equipment typically consisted of a fedora, jacket, satchel, boots, bullwhip and some type of firearm. While he possessed some martial arts ability,[8] Jones favored his fists in hand-to-hand combat, including a technique where he hit his opponent with the back of one hand before following up with a hook from the other, and was not above fighting dirty when he felt the need.[6][1]

Behind the scenes[]

"Indiana Jones is a school teacher and an archaeologist and adventurer. The fact that he behaves heroically under certain circumstances is a part of his nature, but it is not a descriptor of his character."
Harrison Ford[src]
Indy promo

Harrison Ford has played Indiana Jones across five decades.

Since his introduction in 1981's Raiders of the Lost Ark,[1] the character of Indiana Jones has become a cultural icon for adventure. His popularity has allowed him to make appearances in more feature films, a three-season TV series, dozens of novels, comic books, video games and theme park attractions. Raiders was followed by a prequel Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984),[13] and a sequel Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989).[12] Produced by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg, the series starred Harrison Ford as Jones. The television series, The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, aired from 1992 to 1996, and starred Corey Carrier, Sean Patrick Flanery, and George Hall as the character.[158] Ford reprised his role for the second season episode "Young Indiana Jones and the Mystery of the Blues",[11] in the 2008 film Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull[6] and for the last time in the 2023 film Indiana Jones and the Dial of Destiny,[14] after forty-two years playing the character in every decade minus the 2010s.

Harrison Ford is older than Indiana Jones in all the films in which he portrays him. In Raiders he was 38 to Indy's 37, in Temple he was 41 to Indy's 36, and in Crusade he was 46 to Indy's 39. In Kingdom of the Crystal Skull he was 65 to Indy's 58 and the fifth film had Ford at 79 to the archaeologist's 70.

The character has been officially portrayed by several performers:

Actor Age(s) Source(s)
Neil Boulane Baby The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones: My First Adventure
Boutalat Toddler The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones: My First Adventure
Corey Carrier 8[179]-10 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles
The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones[180]
River Phoenix 13 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade prologue
Sean Patrick Flanery 16-21 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles
The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones[180]
David Esch 35 (voice) Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb
Harrison Ford 36-70 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
Raiders of the Lost Ark
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: "Young Indiana Jones and the Mystery of the Blues"
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
Indiana Jones and the Dial of Destiny
Troy Baker 38 (voice) Indiana Jones and the Great Circle
John Armstrong 39 (voice) Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings
Doug Lee 40, 48 (voice) Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis
Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine
George Hall 93-94 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles

Aside from his proficiency in his trademark whip, Indy is shown to be a competent unarmed combatant, even briefly demonstrating ability in Northern-style kung fu in the South China Seas when attacked by pirates in his quest for the Eye of the Peacock. Although his proficiency in Eastern martial arts was never explicitly retconned into the film series proper, Indy is nevertheless shown to be at least skilled in US Marines Close Quarter Combat (CQC) techniques from Temple of Doom onwards.



Notes and references[]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 Raiders of the Lost Ark
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Jackal" My First Adventure
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 Indiana Jones: The Ultimate Guide
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants
  5. 5.0 5.1 Production notes 5, 7–10, 12–14.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "London, May 1916"
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Young Indiana Jones and the Treasure of the Peacock's Eye" Treasure of the Peacock's Eye
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Young Indiana Jones and the Attack of the Hawkmen" Attack of the Hawkmen
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones, Spring Break Adventure
  11. 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 11.16 11.17 11.18 11.19 11.20 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Young Indiana Jones and the Mystery of the Blues" Mystery of the Blues
  12. 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 12.11 12.12 12.13 12.14 12.15 12.16 12.17 12.18 12.19 12.20 12.21 12.22 12.23 12.24 12.25 12.26 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
  13. 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 13.11 13.12 13.13 13.14 13.15 13.16 13.17 13.18 13.19 13.20 13.21 13.22 13.23 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
  14. 14.00 14.01 14.02 14.03 14.04 14.05 14.06 14.07 14.08 14.09 14.10 14.11 14.12 14.13 14.14 14.15 14.16 14.17 14.18 Indiana Jones and the Dial of Destiny
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 The Adventures of Young Indiana JonesMy First Adventure
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 The Adventures of Young Indiana JonesJourney of Radiance
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 The Lost Journal of Indiana Jones
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 Raiders of the Lost Ark novel
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Young Indiana Jones: Travels with Father" Winds of Change
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy
  21. 21.00 21.01 21.02 21.03 21.04 21.05 21.06 21.07 21.08 21.09 21.10 21.11 21.12 21.13 21.14 21.15 21.16 21.17 21.18 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Young Indiana Jones: Travels with Father" Travels with Father
  22. Oganga, the Giver and Taker of Life
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 Indiana Jones: The Ultimate Guide
  24. 24.00 24.01 24.02 24.03 24.04 24.05 24.06 24.07 24.08 24.09 24.10 24.11 24.12 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Tangiers, July 1909" (Cancelled) My First Adventure
  25. 25.0 25.1 The Adventures of Young Indiana JonesPassion for Life
  26. 26.0 26.1 The Adventures of Young Indiana JonesThe Perils of Cupid
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 27.6 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade novel
  28. The Adventures of Young Indiana JonesTravels with Father
  29. The Adventures of Young Indiana JonesLove's Sweet Song
  30. Indy in China: The Runaway Adventure
  31. The Adventures of Young Indiana JonesDaredevils of the Desert
  32. Young Indiana Jones and the Titanic Adventure
  33. Indycron continuity database questions
  34. Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates' Loot
  35. Indiana Jones Jr et le Fantôme du Klondike
  36. Though Jones becomes afraid of snakes in the Last Crusade prologue (which takes place in 1912), he states his hatred of snakes in "British East Africa, September 1909"
  37. Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango
  38. Indiana Jones Jr et l'Ampoule Radioactive
  39. Young Indiana Jones and the Mountains of Superstition
  40. Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure
  41. Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror
  42. Indiana Jones Jr et l'Enfant Lama
  43. Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril
  44. Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.4 45.5 45.6 Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi
  46. Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death
  47. Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld
  48. Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Ruby Cross
  49. Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge
  50. Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City
  51. 51.0 51.1 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Young Indiana Jones and the Phantom Train of Doom" Phantom Train of Doom
  52. Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire
  53. Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon
  54. Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 Spring Break Adventure
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 56.3 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Jackal"
  57. Love's Sweet Song
  58. Mid-Atlantic, April 1916
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.5 59.6 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "London, May 1916" Love's Sweet Song
  60. 60.0 60.1 The World of Indiana Jones
  61. Indiana Jones: The Ultimate Guide, "Situational Ethics", Pg.25
  62. Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones
  63. 63.00 63.01 63.02 63.03 63.04 63.05 63.06 63.07 63.08 63.09 63.10 63.11 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "Paris, May 1919" Winds of Change
  64. 64.0 64.1 64.2 64.3 Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings
  65. 65.0 65.1 65.2 65.3 65.4 65.5 Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull novel
  66. 66.0 66.1 66.2 Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth
  67. Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils
  68. Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Annual 2009
  69. Indiana Jones Annual 2010
  70. Grail Diary
  71. Indiana Jones and his Desktop Adventures
  72. Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone
  73. The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "The Perils of Cupid"
  74. 74.0 74.1 74.2 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles – "German East Africa, December 1916"
  75. Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge
  76. 76.0 76.1 76.2 Indiana Jones and the Interior World
  77. 77.0 77.1 Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange
  78. 78.0 78.1 78.2 78.3 78.4 78.5 78.6 Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis
  79. 79.0 79.1 Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates
  80. 80.0 80.1 Indiana Jones and the White Witch
  81. Indiana Jones et la Cité de la Foudre
  82. Indiana Jones Adventures: Volume 1
  83. 83.0 83.1 Indiana Jones and the Shrine of the Sea Devil