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John Williams

John Williams.

John Williams is an American composer who wrote the music for all five Indiana Jones films. After graduating from UCLA and The Juilliard School, he began working as an orchestrator and pianist on many successful films for Bernard Hermann, Alfred Newman, and Henry Mancini. After he began composing film scores in the 1960's, his score for the film The Cowboys in 1972 caught the attention of Steven Spielberg, who hired him to work on Jaws in 1975.[1]

His next breakthrough was for Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope in 1977 after Steven Spielberg had recommend Williams to George Lucas. After receiving an Academy Award for Best Original Score in 1977, Williams also scored Star Wars: Episode V The Empire Strikes Back in 1980 and Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi in 1983.

When George Lucas hired Steven Spielberg to direct Raiders of the Lost Ark, they immediately decided that they would recruit Williams to score the film. When Williams originally created the iconic "Raiders March" theme, he composed it as two separate themes. When he played them for Spielberg, the director told Williams that he liked them both, which led to them being combined. Williams received four Academy Award nominations for his scores to Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, and Indiana Jones and the Dial of Destiny.

Indiana Jones work[]

Other notable film scores[]

  • The Cowboys (1972)
  • Jaws (1975)
  • Star Wars (1977 - 2019)
  • Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977)
  • Superman (1978)
  • E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial (1982)
  • Home Alone (1990 - 1992)
  • Hook (1991)
  • Jurassic Park (1993)
  • Schindler's List (1993)
  • Saving Private Ryan (1998)
  • Harry Potter (2001 - 2004)
  • War of the Worlds (2005)
  • The Adventures of Tintin (2011)
  • War Horse (2012)
  • The Fablemans (2022)

Notes and references[]

  1. John Williams: Biography at JohnWilliams.org

External links[]

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