Indiana Jones Wiki

Feature films[]

Pictured are the locations shown in the map sequences throughout the theatrical films.

Originally, George Lucas had signed a deal with Paramount Pictures for four theatrical sequels to Raiders of the Lost Ark. After the first three films—Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade—Lucas announced that he was finished with the theatrical films, leaving two of his promised sequels unmade. Production began in 2007 on Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, which will be the third sequel, to be released in 2008.. Lucas denies plans for a fourth sequel, claiming he never intended to do beyond three, but that the fourth film was "a brilliant idea he had." In saying he had a deal for four sequels, one could also speculate that he might not have counted Temple of Doom as a sequel, and instead a prequel, which it was. This would leave room open for yet another sequel that is yet to be produced.



  • In October 2007, conducted interviews with George Lucas and Rick McCallum for the series' DVD release.[2]
  • The web documentary "Here We Go Again" explains the role of the series in paving the way for the Star Wars prequel films. Additionally, McCallum mentions the series in the DVD commentary for Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith.
  • A clip from "Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Jackal" can be seen in the documentary Empire of Dreams.
  • The 1995 documentary A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies features clips from the series during the "The Director as Illusionist" segment. The clips accompanied an interview with George Lucas, and were intended to showcase ILM's effects work.
  • The scene in "Paris, September 1908" involving Freud, Jung, Adler and young Indy was featured in the German version of Psychology Today.



The first novelization was of Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, written by James Kahn and published by Ballantine Books in May 1984.[3] Ballantine published a Raiders novelization in September 1987 (which used the Indiana Jones and the ... prefix),[4] before they published The Last Crusade in May 1989. It was the first Indy book by Rob MacGregor.[5] MacGregor was awarded the job after helping an editor on another project. Neither the editor nor LucasFilm were aware of MacGregor's interest in history and archaeology. A fan of the first two films, MacGregor admitted writing the novelization made him "somewhat disappointed with [the third]. That’s because I took the script and expanded it to novel length [and] adding scenes while Spielberg took the same script and trimmed a few scenes to tighten the story. So, for me, it was all very familiar when I saw the movie, but it seemed somehow to be missing something."[6]

German author Wolfgang Hohlbein wrote eight novels from 1990—1993, but none of these were translated into English.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14] Hohlbein set his books from 19381944, except for the first which he set in 1929. Lucas had no involvement in this series.[15] Meanwhile, Lucas asked MacGregor to continue writing original novels for Bantam Books. They chose to make them prequels set in the 1920s (after Indy graduates from college), so to not interfere with the films. Lucas only permitted Marcus Brody to appear.[6] Lucas also told MacGregor to base the books on real myths, but except for the deletion of a sex scene, MacGregor was given total creative freedom. Barring Stonehenge, MacGregor chose locations he had visited in the past.[16] His six books were published from January 1991—November 1992. The sixth book, The Genesis Deluge (1992), featuring Noah's Ark, was the best-selling novel. MacGregor felt it "had a strong following among religious-oriented people [...] because they tend to take the Noah’s Ark story to heart and think of it as history and archaeological fact, rather than myth. They also see Indy as one of their own, even though he’s actually quite an iconoclast [...] However, Indy follows the trail and indeed finds 'an ark' on Mount Ararat." MacGregor's own favorite of his books was the preceding The Seven Veils.[6] This featured real-life explorer Percy Fawcett, and the tragic death of Indy's wife, Deirdre Campbell. Deirdre, a red haired student of Indy at the University of London, dies in the book's climactic plane crash.[17][18][19][20][21][22]

Martin Caidin wrote the next two novels in Bantam's series. These both feature Gale Parker (like Deirdre, a red haired woman) as Indiana's sidekick, and also introduced afterwords to the series, regarding the novel's historical context.[23][24] Caidin became ill,[25] so Max McCoy took over in 1995 and wrote the final four novels. McCoy set his books nearer to Raiders, which informed his characterization of Indy. "The Raiders Indy was a bit darker [...] Not evil, just a shade rougher, and a little closer to Belloq than he would like to admit. In Raiders, Indy had to decide to be a hero," he said. McCoy gave a sample to his editors, featuring the crystal skull, which became the prologue of the first book.[26] The skull became a recurring story, which concludes when Indy gives it up in the final novel. McCoy spent a longer time researching his novels, and Lucas's involvement was limited. LucasFilm also had to censor sexual or outlandish elements of his novels, in order to make McCoy's adult sensibilities appeal to younger readers,[25] and they also rejected time travel in the final book because it was too science-fictional.[26] Sallah, Lao Che, Rene Belloq and the Nazis made appearances, and McCoy also pitted Indy against Benito Mussolini's fascists and the Japanese. Indy has a doomed romance with Alecia Dunstin, a red-haired librarian at the British Museum, in this cycle.[27][28][29][30] A novel involving the Spear of Destiny was dropped because Dark Horse Comics was developing the idea.[26]

IGN journalist Scott Chitwood felt, "Bantam never marketed [the books] very well and many people never knew they existed." He asked former Bantam editor Tom Dupree in 2000, why they were not published in hardback. He answered, "Indy is just a better educated, more erudite, more human Doc [Savage]. Who wants to pay $22 for an adventure novel? Keep them at the paperback price, then if Indy 4 gets closer to reality, maybe we might rethink."[31] In February 2008, the novelizations of the first three films were published in one edition.[32] James Rollins's Kingdom of the Crystal Skull novelization will arrive the following May.[33] MacGregor is writing new books for Ballantine for early 2009.[34] Template:Prose There have some Find Your Fate novels too:

  • #1 Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Horror Island - by R. L. Stine
  • #2 Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba - by Rose Estes
  • #3 Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower - by R. L. Stine
  • #4 Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates - by Richard Wenk
  • #5 Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire - by Andrew Helfer
  • #6 Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death - by Richard Wenk
  • #7 Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt - by R. L. Stine
  • #8 Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance - by H. William Stine, and Megan Stine
  • #9 Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan - by Ellen Weiss
  • #15 Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island - R. L. Stine
  • #17 Indiana Jones and the Mask of the Elephant - by H. William Stine, and Megan Stine

Apart from novel adaptations of the movies, and several Young Indiana Jones episodes, there is also a series of original paperback novels about the adventures of Indiana Jones, and another series of novels about Young Indiana Jones for younger readers. In Germany, there was a series of adult novels by author Wolfgang Hohlbein, which only appeared in German and Dutch. In France there was a Young Indiana Jones series by Joseph Jacobs and Richard Beugne, only available in French. Most books are listed at [1].

Film adaptations[]

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark by Campbell Black
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom by James Kahn
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom by Les Martin (Children's book)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade by Les Martin (Children's book)
  • Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull by James Rollins
  • Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull by unknown (Children's book)

Random House[]

Adaptations of the TV series

Bantam Books[]

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles:

Indiana Jones Adult Novel Series:

German novels[]

Ballantine Books[]

Adult Indiana Jones:

Young Indiana Jones:

Graphic Novels[]

Role Playing Gaming Books[]

Gaming Books by TSR:

  • The Adventures of Indiana Jones - by TSR (role playing)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom - by TSR(role playing)
  • Raiders of the Lost Ark - by TSR (role playing)
  • Indiana Jones and the Crystal Death - by TSR (role playing)
  • Indiana Jones and the Golden Goddess - by TSR (role playing)
  • Indiana Jones and the Nepal Nightmare - by TSR (role playing)
  • Indiana Jones and the 4th Nail - by TSR (role playing)
  • The Adventures of Indiana Jones: Judge's Survival Pack - by TSR (role playing)

Gaming Books by West End Games:

Other games

Non-fiction books[]


A reference is made to Indiana Jones by Han Solo, both played by Harrison Ford, in the Star Wars Dark Nest trilogy, specifically The Joiner King, where Solo says "Bugs. Why'd it have to be bugs?", referencing Indiana Jones' "Snakes. Why'd it have to be snakes?"


Over the years there have been a number of Indiana Jones comics from a number of publishers.

After the theatrical release of Raiders of the Lost Ark in 1981, Marvel Comics published a monthly comic book series entitled "The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones", set after the events of Raiders. It continued for 34 issues from January 1983 to March 1986 (having switched from monthly to bi-monthly in mid-1985). Marvel also produced comic adaptations of Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Some of the talent included John Byrne and David Michelinie.

In the 1990s, Dark Horse Comics received the license to publish Indiana Jones comics, and created a number of series, starting with Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis in 1991. In addition to these story arcs, Dark Horse also published 12 issues of comics adapting The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles TV program.

In the 2000s, Indiana Jones had a cameo in a non-canonical Star Wars story in an issue of the Star Wars Tales comic books, before full publishing of new Indiana Jones stories resumed in 2008 with the adaptation of Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and Indiana Jones and the Tomb of the Gods. Dark Horse also branched out to create the 'Indiana Jones Adventures kids comic in digest format, and began printing Omnibus anthologies, reprinting the Marvel and Dark Horse comics from the 1980s and 1990s.

The French comic book publisher Bagheera has made 3 Indiana Jones comic books starting in 1993. The first 2 French Indy comics were part of a Shell collection. All 3 comics have been written and drawn by the duo Moliterni & Alessandrini. None of these titles are available in English.

Marvel Comics[]

Dark Horse Comics[]

Bagheera Stories[]

Role Playing Games[]

Main article: Indiana Jones (role-playing game)

In 1984, TSR released a role-playing game based on the character, which incorporated material from the two films released up to that point. Ten years later, West End Games purchased the rights and released a box set with several adventure modules, using a completely different game system.

Video games[]

Various computer and video games have also been produced. They include:


Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular!

George Lucas has collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on four occasions to create Indiana Jones attractions for Disney theme parks worldwide:

Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Stone Tiger, a child-participation show was performed in 2008 to coincide with the fourth movie's release.


Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure (1993, Williams), designed by Mark Ritchie, is a widebody pinball game that features sound clips from all three theatrical films (as well as original speech by John Rhys-Davies), and features 12 different stages (four stages each based on different scenes from the movies, including three video modes). If you complete all 12 stages, you will enter the game's "Wizard Mode", called Eternal Life.

This was the first game to use Williams/Midway's DCS Sound System, with the music composed by Chris Granner.

Notes and references[]

  1. Note that Temple of Doom is a prequel to Raiders of the Lost Ark.
  2. Watch George Lucas and Rick McCallum Talk About The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones! at
  3. James Kahn (May 1984). Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom. Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-31457-4.
  4. Campbell Black (September 1987). Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark. Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-35375-7.
  5. Rob MacGregor (September 1989). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-36161-5.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Aaron Gantt. Interview with Rob MacGregor. The Indy Experience. Retrieved on 2008-03-01.
  7. Wolfgang Hohlbein (1990). Indiana Jones Indiana Jones and the Feathered Snake. Goldmann Verlag. ISBN 3-442-09722-3.
  8. Wolfgang Hohlbein (1990). Indiana Jones and the Ship of the Gods. Goldmann Verlag. ISBN 3-442-09723-1.
  9. Wolfgang Hohlbein (1991). Indiana Jones and the Gold of El Dorado. Goldmann Verlag. ISBN 3-442-09725-8.
  10. Wolfgang Hohlbein (1991). Indiana Jones and the Sword of Genghis Khan. Goldmann Verlag. ISBN 3-442-09726-6.
  11. Wolfgang Hohlbein (1991). Indiana Jones and the Vanished People. Goldmann Verlag. ISBN 3-442-41028-2.
  12. Wolfgang Hohlbein (1992). Indiana Jones and the Secret of Easter Island. Goldmann Verlag. ISBN 3-442-41052-5.
  13. Wolfgang Hohlbein (1993). Indiana Jones and the Legacy of Avalon. Goldmann Verlag. ISBN 3-442-41144-0.
  14. Wolfgang Hohlbein (1993). Indiana Jones and the Labyrinth of Horus. Goldmann Verlag. ISBN 3-442-41145-9.
  15. "Wolfgang Hohlbein interview",, 2003-03-18. Retrieved on 2008-03-01.
  16. "Rob MacGregor interview",, 2002-06-29. Retrieved on 2008-03-01.
  17. Rob MacGregor (January 1991). Indiana Jones and the Peril of Delphi. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-28931-2.
  18. Rob MacGregor (May 1991). Indiana Jones and the Dance of Giants. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-29035-6.
  19. Rob MacGregor (November 1991). Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-29035-6.
  20. Rob MacGregor (January 1992). Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-29502-3.
  21. Rob MacGregor (August 1992). Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-29666-2.
  22. Rob MacGregor (November 1992). Indiana Jones and the Interior World. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-29966-3.
  23. Martin Caidin (November 1993). Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-56192-0.
  24. Rob MacGregor (March 1994). Indiana Jones and the White Witch. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-56194-4.
  25. 25.0 25.1 Max McCoy interview. (2002-10-31). Retrieved on 2008-03-01.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Eddie Mishan. "Interview with Max McCoy", The Indy Experience, 2004-10-28. Retrieved on 2008-03-01.
  27. Max McCoy (1995). Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-56196-8.
  28. Max McCoy (1996). Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-56193-7.
  29. Max McCoy (1997). Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-56195-1.
  30. Max McCoy (1999). Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-56197-5.
  31. Scott Chitwood. "The Lost Adventures of Indiana Jones", 2000-02-23. Retrieved on 2008-03-01.
  32. (February 2008) The Adventures of Indiana Jones. Del Ray Books. ISBN 978-0-345-50127-1.
  33. James Rollins (May 2008). Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull. Del Ray Books. ISBN 978-0-345-50128-8.
  34. Works. Rob MacGregor's official site. Retrieved on 2008-03-01.