Peru is a country on the west coast of South America. The three main regions of the country are the drier coastal areas, the Andes mountains, and the Amazon rain forest in the eastern part of the country. The capital of Peru is Lima and is also the largest and most important city in the country. In the pre-Columbian times, Peru was home to several cultural groups including the Chachapoyans and later the Inca Empire, whose civilization flourished until it was overthrown by Spanish conquistadors in the 1500s. Because of its long history, it is home to many archaeological sites that were not fully explored until modern times. The country's population is a mixture of indigenous groups, such as the Hovitos, and descendants of settlers from Spain and other countries.
Adventures in Peru[edit | edit source]
In 1935, Forrestal traveled to Peru to recover the Chachapoyan fertility idol and disappeared. The following year, Indiana Jones traveled to Peru to recover the idol and determine Forrestal's fate. After claiming the idol from the Temple of the Chachapoyan Warriors, Indy was forced to give it up to another competitor, René Belloq, and flee via amphibious plane.
In 1941, Peru and its neighboring country to the north, Ecuador, engaged in a border war, in which Peruvian troops captured the Ecaudorian port of Puerto Bolivar. At this time, Indiana Jones had clearance to excavate an Incan shrine, but was forced to flee when fake wanted posters with his picture surfaced, and the Peruvian army chased him from the site. Jones escaped through the jungle to Ecuador, not knowing that Peruvian forces already occupied his planned escape point.
Indiana Jones returned to Peru in 1957 with Mutt Williams, following clues by old colleague Harold Oxley. Oxley went there to locate a crystal skull, which he found in the secret gravechamber of Francisco de Orellana in a secret graveyard near Nazca on a cliff overlooking the Nazca lines. Jones and Williams followed clues left in Oxley's cell in the Nazca sanatorium to discover Orellana's grave and find the crystal skull that Oxley had returned to the site. Unfortunately, George McHale had followed Jones, and the Soviet Special Forces captured Jones and Williams and took them to a jungle camp in the Amazon rain forest to find Akator.
Locations in Peru[edit | edit source]
- Nazca Plain
- Temple of the Chachapoyan Warriors
- Lake Titicaca area
- Incan Shrine (near border with Ecuador)
Appearances[edit | edit source]
- Raiders of the Lost Ark novel (First appearance)
- Raiders of the Lost Ark
- Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures
- Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine
- Indiana Jones and the Pyramid of the Sorcerer
- Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
- Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull comic